What is Throat cancer?
A throat is a muscular tube that extends from the nose to the bottom of the neck.
Throat cancer is a condition that is characterized by the development of malignant tumours in the pharynx, larynx and other parts of the throat region. It is a type of cancer that mainly affects those organs which helps an individual to speak, breathe and to swallow.
Throat cancer is also referred to as the cancer of the glottis, laryngeal cancer, or cancer of the pharynx and vocal cord cancer.
The major causes of throat cancer include certain lifestyle habits like smoking, poor nutrition, poor dental hygiene, genetic syndromes, etc.
Also Read: Mouth Cancer
Symptoms of Throat Cancer
The symptoms of throat cancer are similar to the allergies and the common cold, hence it can be hard to identify the throat cancer in its initial stages. The common throat cancer symptoms include a lump or clump that does not heal, and a sore throat or a cough that does not go away.
- Ear pain.
- Sore throat.
- Chronic cough.
- Lump in the Neck.
- Coughing up blood.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Bleeding in the mouth or nose.
- Trouble in swallowing or breathing.
- Hoarseness or a change in the voice.
- Swelling of the eyes, jaw, throat, or neck.
There are other symptoms of throat cancer that vary according to the location of a tumour.
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about throat cancer, its causes, symptoms, treatments and types.
Few Impoetant Questions on Throat cancer
What is Throat cancer?
Throat cancer is a general term that applies to cancer that develops and grow in the throat or in the voice box.
What are the different types of throat cancer?
There are different types of throat cancer and are differentiated based on the part of the throat where the cancer originated or developed. The different types of throat cancers are:
- Glottic cancer.
- Subglottic cancer.
- Supraglottic cancer.
- Oropharyngeal cancer.
- Nasopharyngeal cancer.
- Hypopharyngeal cancer.
What are the causes of throat cancer?
Factors that result in the development or growth of cancer cells in the throat include:
- Excessive alcohol use.
- Use of Tobacco and its products.
- A diet lacking in fruits and vegetables.
- Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- A sexually transmitted virus called human papillomavirus (HPV).