Class 10 Science Term 2 Syllabus


Theory

  • Covalent bonding in carbon compounds
  • Versatile nature of Carbon
  • Homologous series, Nomenclature of Carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes)
  • Difference between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons
  • Chemical properties of Carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction
  • Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (Properties and uses), soaps and detergents
  • Need for classification
  • Modern periodic table, Gradation in properties
  • Valency and atomic number
  • Metallic and non metallic properties
  • Reproduction in animal and plants (asexual and sexual)
  • Reproductive health- Need for and methods of family planning, safe sex v/s HIV/AIDS
  • Child bearing and women’s health
  • Heredity
  • Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits
  • Sex determination- Brief introduction Basic concepts of Evolution
  • Reflection of light through curved surfaces
  • Images formed by spherical mirrors- centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula
  • Magnification
  • Laws of Refraction, refractive index
  • Refraction of light by spherical lens, Image formed by spherical lens, Lens formula
  • Magnification power of lens, Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections
  • Applications of spherical mirrors and lenses
  • Refraction of light through prism
  • Dispersion and scattering of light, Applications in everyday life
  • Management of natural resources
  • Conservation and judicious use of natural resources
  • Forest and wild life, coal and petroleum conservation
  • Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources
  • Big dams-Advantages and limitations. Alternatives, if any
  • Water harvesting
  • Sustainability of natural resources
  • Eco-system, Environmental problems, ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions
  • Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances

Practicals

To study the properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid)
  • Odour
  • Solubility in water
  • Effect of litmus
  • Reaction with sodium bi-carbonate
To study saponification reaction for preparation of soap
To study the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water
To determine the focal length by obtaining the image of a distant object of
  • Concave mirror
  • Convex lens
To trace the path of a ray of light through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence
  • Measure the angle of incidence
  • Angle of refraction
  • Angle of emergence
  • Interpret the results for above
To study, by using prepared slides
  • Binary fission in amoeba
  • Budding in yeast
To trace the path of the rays of light through a glass prism
To find the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and draw corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed
To study homology and analogy with the help of models/charts/specimens of animals and plants
To Identify the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (pea, gram and red kidney bean)

Practise This Question

Which of these is a foreign breed of cow?