Republic Day Essay

500+ Words Essay On Republic Day (26 January) for Students and Children

Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January every year. This day is celebrated with fervour and pride across India. On this day, the Constitution of India came into effect. It marks the day when India got truly independent and attained the historic Purna Swaraj. We became a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic republic country on 26 January 1950, almost three years post-independence. Here, we have provided a Republic Day Essay. Students can go through this Republic Day Essay to get an idea of how to write an essay on Republic Day during the exam. Then, they can try to write an essay in their own words. They can also practise CBSE Essays on different topics similar to Republic Day Essay to gain command in essay writing.

History of Republic Day

Republic Day is of great historical importance. We got freedom from the British on 15 August 1947, but we were not having any form of government or constitution or political parties. On 26th January 1950, India implemented the Constitution. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress and Poorna Swaraj was declared on 26th January 1930. However, we got independence on 15 August 1947.

After independence, a special constituent assembly was appointed for making the Constitution of India. Dr B.R Ambedkar led the constitution drafting committee. While creating India’s constitution, other countries’ constitutions have also been referred to, so as to create the best constitution. After 166 days, the Constitution of India was finally made. It was created in such a manner that all citizens of India could enjoy equal rights pertaining to their religions, culture, caste, sex and creed. On 26th January 1950, the Constitution of India was adopted and implemented, and the day is referred to as Republic Day. Moreover, it marks the end of British rule and the birth of India as a Republic State.

How is Republic Day Celebrated in India?

Republic Day is a national festival and is celebrated on 26th January of every year. This day is declared a national holiday. People celebrate this day with a lot of zeal and happiness. The President of India hoists the national flag on Rajpath in New Delhi. It is followed by a 21-gun salute and the national anthem. People from all over the country visit the Rajpath to view the grand celebration of Republic Day. The first President who hoisted the flag ceremony was Dr Rajendra Prasad.

In schools, colleges, government offices and private organisations, the celebration is enjoyed with full enthusiasm. March past and the parade takes place in schools along with the other functions. Many schools distribute sweets to students. Indians across the country celebrate the spirit of freedom and forget the differences between them, such as caste, religion, language and culture.

Essays Topics for Students’ Practise

After writing essays on this Republic Day, students must practise essays on similar topics. To help them with this, we have provided a few essay topics as suggestions:

  • Essay on Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav
  • Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
  • Essay on First Prime Minister of India
  • Essay on Bhagat Singh
  • Essay on Freedom Fighters

Frequently Asked Questions on Republic Day


Who takes the salute on Republic Day?

The President of India takes the salute on Republic day. On 26th Jan 2022, President Ram Nath Kovind unfurled the National Flag followed by the National Anthem and a booming 21-gun salute. The parade commences with Kovind taking the salute.


Who is the first female President of India?

Pratibha Patil was the first female President of India. She is the 12th President of India and the first woman to hold this post.


Which year of Republic Day did the country celebrate in 2022?

India celebrates its 73rd Republic Day on 26th Jan 2022.


At what time the Republic Day Parade begins?

The parade at Rajpath starts at 10:30 am. People can watch the celebrations from the comfort of their homes as the event is being telecasted live on the television.
We hope students must have found this Republic Day Essay helpful for their studies. For more information and the latest updates on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive exams, keep visiting BYJU’S. Also, download the BYJU’S App for watching interactive study videos.

Also Read: Independence Day Essay | Essay On Constitution of India | Essay on Women Empowerment


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  1. Best essay