Essay on Republic Day

500+ Words Essay On Republic Day (26 January) for Students and Children

Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January every year. This day is celebrated with fervour and pride across India. On this day, the Constitution of India came into effect. It marks the day when India got truly independent and attained the historic Purna Swaraj. We became a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic republic country on 26 January 1950, almost three years post-independence. Here, we have provided an Essay on Republic Day. Students can go through it to get an idea on how to write an essay on Republic Day during the exam. Then, they can try to write an essay in their own words.

History of Republic Day

Republic Day is of great historical importance. We got freedom from the British on 15 August 1947, but we were not having any form of government or constitution or political parties. On 26th January 1950, India implemented the Constitution. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the President of Indian National Congress and Poorna Swaraj was declared on 26th January 1930. However, we got independence on 15 August 1947.

After independence, a special constituent assembly was appointed for making the Constitution of India. Dr B.R Ambedkar led the constitution drafting committee. While creating India’s constitution, other countries’ constitutions have also been referred to, so as to create the best constitution. After 166 days, the Constitution of India was finally made. It was created in such a manner that all citizens of India could enjoy equal rights pertaining to their religions, culture, caste, sex and creed. On 26th January 1950, the Constitution of India was adopted and implemented, and the day is referred to as Republic Day. Moreover, it marks the end of the British rule and birth of India as a Republic State.

How is Republic Day Celebrated in India?

Republic Day is a national festival and is celebrated on 26th January of every year. This day is declared as a national holiday. People celebrate this day with a lot of zeal and happiness. The President of India raises the national flag on Rajpath in New Delhi. It is followed by a 21 gun salute and the national anthem. People from all over the country visit the Rajpath to view the grand celebration of Republic Day. The first President who hoisted the flag ceremony was Dr Rajendra Prasad.

In school, colleges, government offices and private organisations, the celebration is enjoyed with full enthusiasm. March past and parade takes place in schools along with the other functions. Many schools distribute sweets to students. The people celebrate the spirit of freedom and forget the difference between them such as caste, religion, language and culture.

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