Checkout JEE MAINS 2022 Question Paper Analysis : Checkout JEE MAINS 2022 Question Paper Analysis :

Antiperplanar

What is Antiperiplanar?

Antiperiplanar or Anti-periplanar represents the A–B–C–D bond angle in a molecule in organic chemistry. The molecule will be asymmetrical in a Newman projection, with the anti-periplanar functional groups facing up and down, 180° apart.

Newman projection showing A and D anti-periplanar

A bonding orbital and an anti-bonding orbital will be approximately parallel, or synperiplanar, using antiperiplanar geometry. Hyperconjugation occurs when parallel orbitals collide and get intertwined.

Table of Contents

Anti-Periplanar Conformation Definition

Anti-periplanar and syn-periplanar are two words you can come across in organic chemistry. Both terms refer to the shape of a molecule’s chemical bonds.

The anti-periplanar conformation has a dihedral angle of between 150° and 180° between two atoms or groups of atoms. The groups are anti-coplanar in this configuration.

Newman projection of n-butane

Butane (C4H10) is shown in a syn-periplanar conformation, with the two methyl groups (-CH3) aligned at an angle of 180°.

The E2 Mechanism

A bimolecular elimination process occurs when the breaking carbon-hydrogen bond and the leaving group are anti-periplanar.

E2 Mechanism

The hydrogen and the leaving group must be antiperiplanar for E2 to occur. Simply put, the hydrogen and leaving groups must be on the same plane but facing different directions, making a “Z” configuration with the two carbons involved.

The Pinacol Rearrangement

A methyl group is found anti-periplanar to an activated alcohol functional group in the pinacol rearrangement. The rearrangement reaction gets its name from the conversion of pinacol to pinacolone.

Pinacol Pinacolone Rearrangement - Mechanism and Process with Illustrations

Pinacol is a chemical that has two hydroxyl groups, one on each vicinal carbon atom. It’s a white organic substance that’s solid.

When cyclic diol precursors are utilised, pinacol rearrangements are helpful for the synthesis of spirocyclic ketones. This type of rearrangement produces a lot of spirocyclic molecules. Stereogenic centres have been built close to heterocycles using the pinacol rearrangement.

Read more:

Pinacol Rearrangement

Misuse, Etymology and Historiography

In their 1960 paper “Description of steric connections across single bonds,” Klyne and Prelog defined the term anti-periplanar for the first time. The two functional groups on opposite sides of the bond plane are called ‘anti’. Periplanar is derived from the Greek word peri, which means “roughly planar.” A “Periplanar or Coplanar?” they ask in their piece. According to Kane and Hersh, many organic textbooks use anti-periplanar to mean completely anti-planar or anti-coplanar, which is technically incorrect.

Frequently Asked Questions on Antiperplanar

What is Syn-periplanar or synperiplanar?

Syn-periplanar, often known as synperiplanar, is a type of anti-periplanar. The A and D are on the same side of the bond plane in the syn-periplanar conformer, with the dihedral angles of A–B and C–D between +30° and 30°.

What are the optimal conditions for the E2 mechanism?

Because E2 reactions require a rather strong base, solvents that can support the base in a dissociated form are preferred. Acidic media solvents are not suitable since they can form hydrogen bonds with the base and therefore ‘buffer’ it, lowering its activity.

What happens in a pinacol rearrangement?

The pinacol rearrangement is an acid-catalyzed dehydration of glycols that results in the formation of an aldehyde or ketone.

Is E2 always Antiperiplanar?

The Leaving Group Is Always “Anti-Periplanar” To The Hydrogen Removed On The Adjacent Carbon (i.e. the “Beta-Carbon”) in The E2 Reaction.

Why does E2 need to be Antiperiplanar?

The hydrogen and the leaving group must be antiperiplanar for E2 to occur. Simply put, the hydrogen and leaving groups must be on the same plane but facing different directions, making a “Z” configuration with the two carbons involved.

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.

*

*

DOWNLOAD

App NOW