What is Barium Sulfate (BaSO4)?
BaSO4 is an inorganic compound with the chemical name Barium Sulfate. It is composed of a barium cation and the sulfate anion. The sulfur is attached to four oxygen atoms. BaSO4 is a sulfate salt of barium and is found as mineral barite. It is a crystalline solid white in color which is insoluble in water and alcohol but soluble in concentrated acids. It is odorless. Barium Sulfate is an alkaline, divalent metal. It is non-toxic and is safe for medical use. It is widely used in the production of oil and natural gas to get high-density drilling fluids by keeping the boreholes free of rock.
Properties of Barium Sulfate – BaSO4
|Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass||233.38 g/mol|
|Boiling Point||1,600 °C|
|Melting Point||1,580 °C|
Barium Sulfate structure (BaSO4 Structure)
Barium Sulfate (BaSO4 ) Uses
- It is used in the casting of copper anode plates as a coating material.
- It is used as a radiopaque agent.
- It is used as a component in oil well drilling fluids.
- It is used to increase the density of the polymer by acting as a filler for plastics.
- Used to test the PH of the soil.
- Used as a filler or to modify the consistency in oil paints.
- It is used in imaging of the GI tract during barium meal.
- Used to diagnose certain disorders of the intestines, stomach, or esophagus.
- It is used in the manufacturing of alloys.
Learn more about the Structure, physical and chemical properties of Barium Sulfate (BaSO4) from the experts at BYJU’S.
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