Barium Sulfate - BaSO4

What is Barium Sulfate (BaSO4)?

BaSO4 is an inorganic compound with the chemical name Barium Sulfate. It is composed of a barium cation and the sulfate anion. The sulfur is attached to four oxygen atoms. BaSO4 is a sulfate salt of barium and is found as mineral barite. It is a crystalline solid white in color which is insoluble in water and alcohol but soluble in concentrated acids. It is odorless. Barium Sulfate is an alkaline, divalent metal. It is non-toxic and is safe for medical use. It is widely used in the production of oil and natural gas to get high-density drilling fluids by keeping the boreholes free of rock.

Properties of Barium Sulfate – BaSO4

BaSO4 Barium Sulfate
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 233.38 g/mol
Density 4.5 g/cm³
Boiling Point 1,600 °C
Melting Point 1,580 °C

Barium Sulfate structure (BaSO4 Structure)

Barium Sulfate - BaSO4

Barium Sulfate (BaSO4 ) Uses

  • It is used in the casting of copper anode plates as a coating material.
  • It is used as a radiopaque agent.
  • It is used as a component in oil well drilling fluids.
  • It is used to increase the density of the polymer by acting as a filler for plastics.
  • Used to test the PH of the soil.
  • Used as a filler or to modify the consistency in oil paints.
  • It is used in imaging of the GI tract during barium meal.
  • Used to diagnose certain disorders of the intestines, stomach, or esophagus.
  • It is used in the manufacturing of alloys.

Learn more about the Structure, physical and chemical properties of Barium Sulfate (BaSO4) from the experts at BYJU’S.

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Practise This Question

The element whose electronic configuration is 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2 is a/an?