Difference Between Alloy and Composite

Both alloys and composites are a mixture of elements. The main difference between alloy and composite is their composition. An alloy has at least one metal in its composition while composites don’t have any metal components.

What is an Alloy?

An alloy is a homogeneous substance that can be made by melting two or more elements, one of which is a metal. The participatory metal is classified as the parent metal, which acts as a base metal for the alloying material and the rest of the substances are called as alloying agents. The alloying agents can either be a nonmetal or metal in which their contribution or proportion is very small. Alloys have improved properties when compared to the properties of the constituent substance they are made of. Almost all the alloys are lustrous due to the presence of the metal component in their composition. A few examples of alloys are steel, brass, bronze, etc.

What is a Composite?

Composites are also a mixture of two or more elements, but it does not contain metals in its composition. Unlike alloys, composites are heterogeneous. Most composites are found naturally while some are synthetic. Composites are made from components that have different physical properties. A few of the examples of natural composites are wood, bones of the human body, etc. A few examples of synthetic composites are concrete, fiberglass, etc.

Now let us look at the differences between alloys and composites in a tabular column.

Difference Between an Alloy and a Composite

As mentioned, the main difference between alloys and composites are its composition. Here in the tabular column given below let us look at the other differences between the two.

Alloy

Composite

An Alloy is a mixture of one or more metals with other elements.

A Composite is a mixture of non-metallic components.

An alloy can either be a homogenous or a heterogeneous mixture.

A composite is always a heterogeneous mixture.

Alloys are lustrous due to the presence of metals in their composition.

Composites are not lustrous as they do not contain metals in their composition.

Most alloys can conduct electricity.

Composites do not conduct electricity except for polymeric composites.

Alloys always contain a metal.

Composites do not contain metals.

Alloys can be found naturally but they are rare. Composites occur naturally almost everywhere. The differences between alloy and composite should be understood clearly as they are closely related and are often used interchangeably. To know more differences like the difference between molecule and compound, Visit BYJU’S.

Practise This Question

NBS is used for brominating allylic carbon atom. Predict the product in the following reaction.

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