Difference Between Vaporization and Evaporation

Here we are going to learn about the differences between vaporization and evaporation and further understand that these two processes are not exactly the same. Usually, many people tend to be confused about these two processes and many a time these terms are misunderstood. While they appear to be words with similar meaning, but they have differences.

Besides, when you talk about them on a molecular level, both these process differ quite marginally from each other. They both occur at different surfaces, time, and temperatures. However, one similarity they have is that during both vaporization and evaporation the molecules of liquids escape into a gaseous state. But again, when you strictly analyze these two processes you will be able to observe a lot of distinct characteristics.

Difference between Vaporization and Evaporation

Vaporization and Evaporation which is a part of vaporization are the processes that are nothing but a phase transition of a substance from a solid or liquid state to gas. They are often used interchangeably but very few actually know the exact difference between them. So to make things clear, here are some of the major differences between evaporation and vaporization.

Difference Between Vaporization and Evaporation
Vaporization Evaporation
Vaporization is defined as the transitional phase of a compound or an element and it occurs during the boiling or sublimation process. Evaporation is nothing but a type of vaporization which mostly occurs at temperatures below the boiling point.
Vaporization can change the state of matter from a solid or liquid to a gas. During evaporation, the liquid state of matter is turned directly into a gas.
Vaporization is usually a fast process and requires less amount of energy. Evaporation is generally a slower process and requires more energy as the molecules have a high tendency to convert into the vapour phase.
During vaporization, all of the water can turn into gas. As for evaporation, only the top level of water is turned into gas.
When vaporization occurs, molecules could come from below the surface when the liquid is boiling. During evaporation, the molecules vaporize only from the surface of the liquid.

These are some of the differences between vaporization and evaporation. To know more about important differences between other chemistry topics you can keep visiting BYJU’s or download our app for interesting content and learning experience.

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