In this world full of stress and tension, people have lost themselves and are just running behind money. Most of them are suffering from depression and are taking antidepressants or the tranquilizers to improve their condition. Analgesics and tranquilizers are those drugs which act on the nervous system. They affect the message transmission that happens from nerves to receptors.
They are the chemical compounds which are very useful in the treatment of stress and mild or severe mental diseases. They induce a sense of well-being in a person thereby releasing him from stress, tension, anxiety or irritability. They are one of the essential components of sleeping pills. There are many types of tranquilizers and each has different modes of functioning. For example- a tranquilizer which helps in uplifting mood is called noradrenaline. If the level of noradrenaline is low then the signal sending activity also becomes low which in return makes a person feel depressed. In these situations antidepressant drugs or a tranquilizer can be used. These drugs inhibit the action of those enzymes that catalyze the degradation of noradrenaline. When the enzymes are inhibited, noradrenaline is slowly metabolized, and therefore it activates its receptors for a longer duration of time, and so the effect of depression is counteracted. Some examples of tranquilizers are iproniazid and phenelzine.
Some tranquilizers are relatively mild in nature and are suitable for relieving tension. Equanil is used in controlling depression and hypertension. We have barbiturates which are hypnotic that is sleep producing agents. Some substances which are used as tranquilizers are valium and serotonin.
Moving on to antiseptics, these are those substances which prevent the growth of microorganisms.
Antiseptics: They are applied on the living tissues such as wounds to prevent the growth of microbes and free the skin from any disease. The examples of antiseptics are furacine, soframicine etc. We also have antiseptic soaps that are commonly used; these soaps have bithionol added to it. Boric acid is also an antiseptic which is used for eyes. Dettol is the most popular disinfectant used these days; it is a mixture of chloroxylenol and terpineol.
Both tranquilizers and antiseptics are vital for a healthy survival of human beings. We have seen a brief description on this topic.For further details, please download the Byjus-The Learning app and have an enjoyable experience learning the new concepts in the most innovative ways.