What is Boric Acid?
Boric Acid is a monobasic Lewis acid of boron with a chemical formula H3BO3.
It is an acid-containing four atoms of oxygen, one atom of phosphorus, and three atoms of hydrogen. It is also known as acidum boricum, hydrogen borate, boracic acid, and orthoboric acid. It is a weak acid and has antiviral, antifungal, and antiseptic properties.
It is soluble in water and does not have a smell. It exists as a colourless crystal or in a white powder form. We can prepare boric acid by reacting borax with hydrochloric acid. Wilhelm Homberg was the first to prepare boric acid from borax.
Learn about chemical formula of various other chemical compounds here.
Properties of Boric Acid – H3BO3
|Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass||61.83 g·mol−1|
|Boiling Point||158 °C|
|Melting Point||300 °C|
Structure of Boric Acid (H3BO3)
Boric Acid (H3BO3) Uses
The uses of boric acid are listed below.
- It is used in the manufacture of textile fiberglass
- It is used in the production of the flat panel display
- It is used to neutralize the active hydrofluoric acid
- It is used by blacksmiths as welding flux
- It is used in electroplating
- It is used in the jewelry industry
- It is used in the manufacture of silly putty
- It is used as an Insecticidal
- It is used as an antiseptic and antibacterial
- It is used on carrom boards as a dry lubricant
- It is used as a neutron poison in some nuclear plants
- It is used to preserve grains like wheat and rice
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Frequently Asked Questions
Is boric acid the same as borax?
In fact, borax and boric acid are the same thing and usually associated with producing homemade laundry soap. All of these materials contain the boron element. Borax is commonly extracted from tourmaline, kernite, and colemanite and is refined. Mineral sassolite is extracted from boric acid.
What is boric acid used for?
Boric acid is also used in many chemical products as an antiseptic, insecticide, flame retardant, neutron absorber, or precursor.
How do you neutralize boric acid?
The acidic and fundamental properties of both the acid and base are damaged by neutralization. Lime and baking soda are two inexpensive chemicals that neutralize acids, which are readily available.
What exactly is boric acid?
Boric acid, often known as hydrogen borate, boracic acid, orthoboric acid or acid boricum, is a weak boron acid sometimes used as an antiseptic, insecticide, flame retardant, or neutron absorber, and as a precursor to other chemical compounds.
Is boric acid soluble in acetone?
Boric acid is a crippling poison. It is soluble and partially soluble in acetone in water, glycerol, ether, alcohol, methanol, and liquid ammonia. Boric acid can be derived from borax, or by hydrolysing of halides or hydrides of boron. Crystals of boron oxide are a little soluble in cold water and soluble in hot water.