Carbon monoxide - CO

What is Carbon monoxide?

Carbon monoxide is a colorless gas and is represented as CO. It has one carbon atom which is covalently bonded to one oxygen atom. It is also known as Carbonic oxide or Carbon oxide. It is a toxic gas. It is odorless and has no taste. It is a poisonous gas which when inhaled causes asphyxiation and damage of the Central Nervous System. When it combines with hemoglobin it forms carboxyhemoglobin. It is widely used as an industrial fuel for various operations.

Properties of Carbon monoxide – CO

CO Carbon monoxide
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 28.010 g/mol
Density 789 kg/m3
Boiling Point −191.5 °C
Melting Point −205.02 °C

Carbon monoxide structure – CO

Carbon monoxide structure

CO Uses (Carbon monoxide)

  • It is used in the production of methanol
  • It is used in the packaging of fresh meat products such as fish, beef etc
  • It is used as a strong reducing agent
  • It is used in infrared lasers
  • It is used in beverages and food like jam and cola to acidify them
  • It is used to remove rust from the surface to metals

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Learn more about the chemical behavior and importance of Carbon monoxide (CO) with the expert faculties at BYJU’S – India’s largest education company.

Practise This Question

Which of the following is not a characteristic of Planck's quantum theory of radiation?