|Group||11||Melting point||1084.62°C, 1984.32°F, 1357.77 K|
|Period||4||Boiling point||2560°C, 4640°F, 2833 K|
|Block||d||Density (g cm−3)||8.96|
|Atomic number||29||Relative atomic mass||63.546|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||63Cu|
|Electron configuration||[Ar] 3d104s1||CAS number||7440-50-8|
|ChemSpider ID||22414||ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database|
- For thousands of years, Copper is a metal that has been a part of our civilization. Silver, gold, copper, and Iron all have been made use in one way or another.
- Copper(Cu) is one of those elements that were never actually discovered. They have been a part of each footstep in the growth of civilization. We keep on learning the diverse places where copper is made use of in nature.
- The metal has been used for such an extended time as it can be found secluded as an unadulterated element. One could be tunnelling in a mine and stumble across unadulterated copper in various forms.
- It is the 29th element in the periodic table represented by the symbol ‘Cu‘ short for the Latin name ‘cuprum’.
- Copper sulphate is used widely as an agricultural poison and as an algicide in water purification.
- While one may not consider copper being used for something other than coins, it is a crucial element in the creation of bronze.
- Historically, copper was the first metal to be worked by people. The discovery that it could be hardened with a little tin to form the alloy bronze gave the name to the Bronze Age.