Copper (Cu)
Symbol Cu
Atomic Number 29
Atomic Mass 63.546 at 20°C 
Discovered by

Chemical Properties Of Copper

Group 11 Melting point 1084.62°C, 1984.32°F, 1357.77 K
Period 4 Boiling point 2560°C, 4640°F, 2833 K
Block d Density (g cm−3) 8.96
Atomic number 29 Relative atomic mass 63.546 
State at 20°C Solid Key isotopes 63Cu 
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d104s1  CAS number 7440-50-8
ChemSpider ID 22414 ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

What is Copper?

  • For thousands of years, Copper is a metal that has been a part of our civilization. Silver, gold, copper, and Iron all have been made use in one way or another.
  • Copper(Cu) is one of those elements that were never actually discovered. They have been a part of each footstep in the growth of civilization. We keep on learning the diverse places where copper is made use of in nature.
  • The metal has been used for such an extended time as it can be found secluded as an unadulterated element. One could be tunnelling in a mine and stumble across unadulterated copper in various forms.
  • It is the 29th element in the periodic table represented by the symbol ‘Cu‘ short for the Latin name ‘cuprum’.

Uses Of Copper

  • Copper sulphate is used widely as an agricultural poison and as an algicide in water purification.
  • While one may not consider copper being used for something other than coins, it is a crucial element in the creation of bronze.
  • Historically, copper was the first metal to be worked by people. The discovery that it could be hardened with a little tin to form the alloy bronze gave the name to the Bronze Age.

Certain Facts About Copper

  • Copper is an essential element. An adult human needs around 1.2 milligrams of copper a day, to help enzymes transfer energy in cells. Excess copper is toxic.

Practise This Question

The chemical composition of slag formed during the smelting process in the extraction of copper is 
(IIT-JEE, 2001)