Copper (Uses & Properties)

Copper (Cu)
Copper
Symbol Cu
Atomic Number 29
Atomic Mass 63.546 g.cm-3 at 20°C 
Discovered by

Chemical Properties Of Copper

Group 11 Melting point 1084.62°C, 1984.32°F, 1357.77 K
Period 4 Boiling point 2560°C, 4640°F, 2833 K
Block d Density (g cm−3) 8.96
Atomic number 29 Relative atomic mass 63.546 
State at 20°C Solid Key isotopes 63Cu 
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d104s1  CAS number 7440-50-8
ChemSpider ID 22414 ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

What is Copper?

Copper is a chemical element with atomic number 29 and symbol Cu. The Density of copper is 8.96. The atomic number of copper is 29.

  • For thousands of years, Copper is a metal that has been a part of our civilization. Silver, gold, copper, and Iron all have been made use in one way or another.
  • Copper(Cu) is one of those elements that were never actually discovered. They have been a part of each footstep in the growth of civilization. We keep on learning the diverse places where copper is made use of in nature.
  • The metal has been used for such an extended time as it can be found secluded as an unadulterated element. One could be tunneling in a mine and stumble across unadulterated copper in various forms.
  • It is the 29th element in the periodic table represented by the symbol ‘Cu‘ short for the Latin name ‘cuprum’.

Important Uses Of Copper

  • Copper sulfate is used widely as an agricultural poison and as an algicide in water purification.
  • While one may not consider copper being used for something other than coins, it is a crucial element in the creation of bronze.
  • Historically, copper was the first metal to be worked by people. The discovery that it could be hardened with a little tin to form the alloy bronze gave the name to the Bronze Age.
  • It is used for a whole range of goods, from cans, cooking foil and saucepans through to electricity cables, planes, and space vehicles.
  • Electrical conductivity is especially important because wire accounts for more than 50% of copper consumption worldwide.
  • Chemical vapor deposition, which is used in semiconductor manufacture, involves the deposition of thin copper films from a gas- phase precursor.
  • Copper is used largely as an alloy of gold and silver, and it is often plated with one or the other.

Certain Facts About Copper

  • Copper is an essential element. An adult human needs around 1.2 milligrams of copper a day, to help enzymes transfer energy in cells. Excess copper is toxic.

Recommended Videos


 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *