|Atomic Mass||9.01218 g.mol-1|
|Discovered by||Nicholas Louis Vauquelin|
Chemical Properties of Beryllium
|Group||2||Melting point||1287°C, 2349°F, 1560 K|
|Period||2||Boiling point||2468°C, 4474°F, 2741 K|
|Block||s||Density (g cm−3)||1.85|
|Atomic number||4||Relative atomic mass||9.012|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||9Be|
|Electron configuration||[He] 2s2||CAS number||7440-41-7|
|ChemSpider ID||4573986||ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database|
What is Beryllium?
- Beryllium is an element with an atomic number of 4 in the periodic table.
- It is a bivalent and highly toxic element.
- The element has one of the highest melting points among the light metals.
- Beryllium exists in 30 different minerals, among which bertrandite, beryl, chrysoberyl, and phenacite are the most important.
Uses of Beryllium
- Beryllium is used as an alloying agent.
- It possesses high strength, non-magnetic properties, better resistance, and dimensionally stable over a significant range of temperature.
- Beryllium fused with copper forms alloys which are used in defence and aerospace industries is a typical application of Beryllium.
Properties of Beryllium
- It is non-magnetic, holds excellent thermal conductivity and resists attack by concentrated nitric acid.
- Beryllium resists oxidation when exposed to air at standard temperature and pressure.
- It is found in 30 different minerals of which bertrandite, phenakite, and Beryl are the most important.
- Beryllium content in the ground can pass into the plants grown on it when it is in a soluble form.
Certain Facts About Beryllium
- Aquamarine and emerald are the most precious forms of beryl. Beryl is the mineral form of beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate.
- X-ray detection diagnostic uses of Beryllium as it could pass through latter.