Symbol Ne
Atomic Number 10
Atomic Mass 20.180
Discovered by Neon was discovered by Sir William Ramsay and Morris Travers

Chemical Properties of Neon

Group 18   Melting point −248.59°C, −415.46°F, 24.56 K
Period 2 Boiling point −246.046°C, −410.883°F, 27.104 K
Block p Density (g cm−3) 0.000825
Atomic number 10 Relative atomic mass 20.180  
State at 20°C Gas Key isotopes 20Ne
Electron configuration [He] 2s22p6 CAS number 7440-01-9
ChemSpider ID 22377 ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

What is Neon?

  • Neon is reddish-orange colored in neon lamps and vacuum discharge tubes and second-lightest noble gas. It is less expensive refrigerant than helium in many applications. Its refrigerating capacity is 40 times more than liquid helium and three times to liquid hydrogen on per unit volume basis. It is a rare gas, and its molecules consist of a single Neon atom.
  • It is chemically inert gas and non-toxic in nature. There is no threat to the environment and has no impact since it’s nonreactive and does not form compounds. This element cause no ecological damage.
  • It can create exotic compounds with fluorine in laboratories, being an inert element. It also forms an unstable hydrate.

Uses of Neon

  • The reddish-orange colored neon lights are used in making advertising signs. It’s also utilized in these types of lights generally when many other gasses are needed to generate lights of different colors.
  • Other uses of neon include lightning arrestors, high-voltage indicators, television tubes and meter tubes.
  • Gas lasers are made with the help of neon and helium.

Practise This Question

During the high temperature non-aqueous electrolytic extraction of Aluminum from purified Al2O3, the oxygen evolved at the anode reacts with the electrode (graphite). As a result the electrodes are periodically replaced. – True or False?