|Symbol of aluminium||Al|
|Atomic Number of aluminium||13|
|Atomic Mass of aluminium||26.98 amu|
|Discovered by||Hans Christian Oersted in 1825|
|Group||13||Melting point||660.323°C, 1220.581°F, 933.473 K|
|Period||3||Boiling point||2519°C, 4566°F, 2792 K|
|Block||p||Density (g cm−3)||2.70|
|Atomic number||13||Relative atomic mass||26.982|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||27Al|
|Electron configuration||[Ne] 3s23p1||CAS number||7429-90-5|
|ChemSpider ID||4514248||ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database|
What is Aluminium?
Aluminium is a soft, silvery-white, ductile, nonmagnetic metal in the boron group. It is the third most abundant element in the Earth’s crust. Depending on the surface reference, aluminium appears in the range from silvery to dull grey.
Uses of Aluminium
- It is used in the transportation of railway, trucks, automobiles as castings.
- It is used in packaging.
- Al(II) compounds are observed in the reactions of Al metal with oxidants.
- Using aluminon the presence of aluminium can be detected in qualitative analysis.
Properties of Aluminium
Various physical properties of aluminium have been discussed below:
- The element is highly reactive. It has about one-third of stiffness and density of steel.
- Aluminium has good corrosion resistivity.
- It is capable of superconductivity.
- They are many unknown isotopes of hydrogen with the mass number ranging from twenty-one to forty-one.
Frequently asked questions
1. Who discovered aluminium?
Ans: Hans Christian Orsted.
2. What is the atomic mass of aluminium?
Ans: The atomic mass of aluminium is 26.98 amu.
3. Aluminium belongs to which period?
4. Aluminium belongs to which group?
Ans: Aluminium is a group 13 element.
5. Aluminium is a ____ block element.