Symbol Zn
Atomic Number 30
Atomic Mass 65.37 g.mol−1
Discovered by Andreas Marggraf

Chemical Properties of Zinc

Group 12 Melting point 419.527°C, 787.149°F, 692.677 K
Period 4 Boiling point 907°C, 1665°F, 1180 K
Block d Density (g cm−3) 7.134
Atomic number 30 Relative atomic mass 65.38  
State at 20°C Solid Key isotopes 64Zn
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d104s2 CAS number 7440-66-6
ChemSpider ID 22430 ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

What is Zinc?

  • Zinc is a transition earth metal with atomic number 30 and represented in the Periodic Table with the symbol ‘Zn’
  • Zinc is one more of those advantageous metals that we make use of daily.
  • It is part of those elements which humans have been expanding for thousands of years.

Uses of Zinc

  • The metal is used for manufacturing like creating roofing materials or making zinc oxide.
  • The metallic element is used for various purposes ranging from sunscreens to solar cells to nuclear reactors.
  • The metal helps in maintaining the balance of enzymes in the human body.
  • It is used as a white pigment for oil-based paints.
  • Another important use of zinc oxide is as an additive to the rubber used to make automobile tires.
  • Zinc oxide can withstand high temperatures and it prevents the tires from breaking apart when they get hot.

Physical Properties of Zinc

  • Zinc is generally seen as part of larger compound minerals.
  • When secluded, it is a very sparkly, whitish-blue metal.
  • The metal is not as soft as copper and has lesser uses.

Certain Facts about Zinc

  • In 1746, Marggraf secluded and defined zinc as a distinct metal.
  • In the fourth period or row in the periodic table of elements, zinc is the last transition element.

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