Arsenic

Arsenic
Arsenic
Symbol As
Atomic Number 33
Atomic Mass 74.922
Discovered by Arsenic was discovered by Albertus Magnus

Chemical Properties Of Arsenic

Group 15 Melting point Sublimes at 616°C, 1141°F, 889 K
Period 4 Boiling point Sublimes at 616°C, 1141°F, 889 K
Block p Density (g cm−3) 5.75
Atomic number 33 Relative atomic mass 74.922  
State at 20°C Solid Key isotopes 75As
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d104s24p3 CAS number 7440-38-2
ChemSpider ID 4514330 ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

What is Arsenic?

  • Arsenic, a chemical element placed in the nitrogen group of the periodic table that exists in both the gray and yellow crystalline forms. It is present in three allotropic forms- black, yellow and gray. A silver-gray and brittle crystalline solid are the stable forms. It gets tarnished rapidly when comes in contact with air and at high temperatures by preparing a white cloud of arsenic trioxide. The metallic form of the element is brittle and it gets tarnished when oxidized to arsenic trioxide. Its non-metallic form is less reactive but easily dissolves when heated with strong oxidizing acids and alkalis.
  • Arsenic is a steel-gray, brittle solid with low thermal and electrical conductivity. There are some forms of elemental arsenic are metal-like and is best classified as a non-metal. Some other forms are also there but are not properly characterized. This element sublimes at 613 °C and it exists as As4 molecules. It is stable in dry air and in moist air it tends to become coated with a black oxide. The sublimed arsenic vapor heated in air to form an arsenic oxide.

Uses Of Arsenic

  • This element is mainly used in compounds and a smaller amount is used in alloys.
  • It is also used to prepare lead shot in past and the amount used in these applications continues to decrease.
  • Arsenic can easily get into the environment from such applications. Some amount is added to silicon and germanium to make transistors.
  • Gallium arsenide, a compound of arsenic is used to make light-emitting diodes (LEDs). These LEDs produce the lighted numbers in the clock, watches, hand-held calculators and different other electronic devices.

Practise This Question

Correct IUPAC name of the following compound is