Vanadium (V)

Symbol V
Atomic Number 23
Atomic Mass 50.9414 g.mol -1
Discovered by Nils Sefstrom in 1830

Table of Contents

Chemical Properties Of Vanadium

Group 5 Melting point 1910°C, 3470°F, 2183 K
Period 4 Boiling point 3407°C, 6165°F, 3680 K
Block d Density (g cm−3) 6.0
Atomic number 23 Relative atomic mass 50.942
State at 20°C Solid Key isotopes 51V
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d34s2 CAS number 7440-62-2
ChemSpider ID 22426 ChemSpider is a free chemical database

What is Vanadium (V)?

  • A rare, soft, ductile grey-white coloured element, which is found combined with minerals and is used to produce alloys like ferrovanadium. Due to the presence of a protective film of oxides on the surface, it helps with metal corrosion.
  • In the periodic table, vanadium is found just to the right side of the titanium. A scientist by the name of Del Rio from Mexico was the first person to discover vanadium in the year 1901. Later this element was named after a Scandinavian goddess named Vanadis by Sweden scientist Nils Sefstrom.

Applications of Vanadium

  • Purification: Vanadium is used in nuclear power plants and in several other purification processes.
  • Uranium Purification: Vanadium is one of the many elements used in the purification of Uranium that is used for nuclear purposes.
  • Springs and alloys: The physical characteristics of vanadium make it useful to manufacture springs. Vanadium is also used to make steel alloys in industries.
  • Magnets: The specialised kind of magnets that are used for advanced research functions with superconducting capabilities contains vanadium. They are used because of their unique physical properties and cannot be fabricated easily.
  • Ceramics: Traces are found in ceramics, sometimes also in paints and dyes.
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