|Atomic Mass||28.0855 g.mol -1|
|Discovered by||Jöns Jacob Berzelius in 1824|
Chemical Properties of Silicon
|Group||14||Melting point||1414°C, 2577°F, 1687 K|
|Period||3||Boiling point||3265°C, 5909°F, 3538 K|
|Block||p||Density (g cm−3)||2.3296|
|Atomic number||14||Relative atomic mass||28.085|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||28Si, 30Si|
|Electron configuration||[Ne]3s2 3p2||CAS number||7440-21-3|
|ChemSpider ID||4574465||ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database|
What is Silicon?
- Silicon (Si) is a close relative of carbon (C) in the periodic table.
- The element could be traced universally in our world but is not found individually in our environment.
Uses of Silicon
- The element is a major constituent in ceramics and bricks.
- Being a semiconductor, the element is put into use for making transistors.
- Silicon is used in a different manner in computer chips and solar cells.
Properties of Silicon
- Silicon could be found attached to other elements, for instance, oxygen (O).
- Silicates are the rocks which contain both silicon and oxygen.
- When decontaminated, it is a grayish crystal that looks metallic.
- Although it may be glistening like metal, it is not a metal.
Certain Facts About Silicon
- Silicon was isolated and forced to develop its first crystals in the year 1854.
- In the periodic table, one can find silicon just underneath carbon in the third row of the periodic table.
- Silicon’s electrons are arranged in a makeup comparable to carbon.