Types of Minerals

What are Minerals?

Minerals are an important part of our everyday life and make up most of the earth they are defined as naturally occurring substances that have a crystalline structure.

Before learning about the different types of minerals, we must first understand what are minerals. They are formed by geological processes and are usually inorganic and solid in nature. There are also few organic materials, like silver, gold, diamond etc in the earth’s crust. Today, there are more than thousands of minerals recognized but only some of them are common.

Types of Minerals

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Different Types of Minerals

Minerals are classified based on their crystal form and chemistry. Minerals are divided into two types namely metallic and non-metallic.

Types of Minerals

1. Metallic Minerals

Metallic minerals exhibit luster in their appearance and consist of metals in their chemical composition. These minerals serve as a potential source of metal and can be extracted through mining. Examples of metallic minerals are Manganese, iron ore and bauxite are Metallic minerals and be divided into ferrous and non-ferrous metallic minerals.

Ferrous minerals are one that contains iron and nonferrous are one that does not contain iron.

2. Nonmetallic minerals

Non-metallic minerals are minerals which either show a non-metallic luster or shine in their appearance. Extractable metals are not present in their chemical composition. Limestone, gypsum, and mica are examples of non-metallic minerals.

  • Bauxite ore mostly exists in deeply weathered rocks. Volcanic rocks contain bauxite deposits in some regions.
  • Iron metal extracted from iron ore. It never exists in pure form and has to be extracted from iron ore by eliminating the impurities.
  • Gold is the oldest and most precious element to be known.
  • Manganese ore is a silvery brittle or grey-white metallic ore occurs in many forms and found worldwide.


1. What are the 3 types of minerals?

Ans: Identification of rocks and minerals/rock types. Three distinct rock kinds exist Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic. How they are formed is the distinction between each type.

2. What are the major minerals?

Ans: For excellent health, minerals are required. Sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sulfur are the major minerals.

3. What are minerals found in?

Ans: Minerals are discovered in ingredients such as cereals, bread, meat, fish, milk, milk, nuts, fruit and vegetables (particularly dried fruit).

4. What is a mineral deficiency?

Ans: Mineral deficiency is a shortage of dietary minerals, the micronutrients required for the adequate health of an organism.

5. What happens with lack of minerals?

Ans: Minerals are particular types of nutrients needed by your body to work correctly. A mineral deficiency arises when the necessary quantity of a mineral is not obtained or absorbed by your body.

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