Uses of acetone

Acetone is also known as propanone. Its chemical formula is CH3COCH3. It is colorless liquid. It is the simplest ketone with condensed formula being C3H6O. It is an organic chemical which contains hydrogen, oxygen and carbon atoms. At room temperature it is a flammable liquid. It can break down super glue and leaves the alcohols denatured. It is a volatile chemical. There are various uses of acetone. The most important use is, it is used as building block in the organic synthesis.

Uses of acetone

Acetone is found in humans and animals. In humans it is produced by the process of ketosis in the people with low carbohydrate food or diabetes.But what is acetone used for? Below are the five important uses of acetone in daily life

  • Medicine or pharmaceutical industry
  • Used in cosmetics
  • Used in laboratory
  • Used in electronics
  • Used for domestic purpose

Uses of acetone in industry – Medicine/ Pharmaceutical

Acetone solvent is most commonly used in Pharmaceuticals. It is used in producing pills and liquid medicines to have proper density. It is mandatory for the efficacy of medicine. It is also used as an antiseptic.

Uses of acetone in cosmetics:

Acetone denatures certain alcohol and is used as an additive in makeup and skin creams. One of the primary ingredient of nail paint remover is acetone. By using a cotton swab or cloth nail paint can be easily removed from nails and leaves it dry. Sometimes it can cause eye irritation or skin irritation

Uses of acetone in laboratory:

Important solvent in laboratory. It is used to rinse glass apparatus and makes the drying process faster. Its freezing point is -80 degree celsius and is widely used to conduct chemical reactions at low temperatures. The vapours of acetone can be used as tracers because it appears fluorescent under UV light

Uses of acetone in electronics:

It is used in cleaning electronic devices. Many electronic gadgets and appliances cleaners use acetone as a solvent. Therefore is used in cleaning of electronic gadgets and devices

Uses of acetone in domestic purpose:

It is used to remove oil stains from the walls. Also, stubborn ink stains can be removed using acetone. It is used as paint thinner for oil paints and resins and also can be used to clean brush and other equipments that were used while painting

This was a brief on acetone uses in our daily life. To know more about the uses of acetone download the BYJU’S – the learning app.


Practise This Question

Which of the following salts does not form any precipitate with excess of NaOH?