Uses Of Water

Water molecule is made up of 3 atoms. 2 atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen. They have imbalanced structure and this makes them to stick and attract different substances.It is a chemical substance which is tasteless, odorless, colorless, transparent. It is chemically represented as H₂O. It is mostly used in making fertilizers. Its boiling point is 100 degree celsius and melting point is 0 degree celsius. In the process of sweating, digestion, breathing body loses water content. Therefore it is very important to drink water to keep it hydrated. Let’s see some other uses of water

List of uses of water

Water is stored in various parts of the world but not evenly distributed all over the earth. It is said to be a universal solvent. Various sources of water are – sea, lake, rain, well, stream, borehole and pond. It is used for washing, drinking, generating electricity etc. Below are the different uses of water in various fields:

  • Domestic uses of water
  • Water use for agriculture
  • Industrial uses of water

Domestic uses of water:

15 % of water is consumed for domestic purpose. Water is used for drinking, bathing, cooking food and washing dishes, clothes, fruits, vegetables and brushing teeth.

Water use for agriculture:

Agriculture is the largest consumer of water. About 70% of water is used for irrigation. Water is necessary for gardening, farming and fisheries. Plants require water to grow. During the process of photosynthesis they consume water. To yield crops, fruits, flowers, vegetables they need sufficient water, manure, sunlight and oxygen.

Industrial uses of water:

It is either used in creating or to cool the equipment used for creating the product. Industrial water is used for washing, cooling, processing, transporting, diluting or fabricating of a product. Maximum amount of water is used in the production of chemical, paper and food.

Other uses are – it is used in transportation, manufacturing, hydroelectric power, removal of body wastes, tourism and recreation.

This was a brief on water usesin our daily life. To know more about the uses of water download the BYJU’S – the learning app.


Practise This Question

The pH of blood is 7.4. If the buffer in bloods is CO2 and HCO3, calculate the ratio of conjugate base to acid (H2CO3) to maintain the pH of the blood. Given K1 of H2CO3=4.5×107