Every business deals with the economic pursuits with an intention to earn a profit. However, there are a few establishments which function with an intention to furnish service to its members as well as to the public. The administrators of these establishments are entirely liable to the public and the members. Therefore, Accounting for Non Profit Organizations become a must. Instances of such establishments are : religious organisations, charitable institutions, educational institutions, trade unions, clubs, etc.,
However, the NPOs do not manage any capital account. Instead, they manage capital fund which is also known as general fund that goes on stockpiling due to surfeits initiated, legacies, donation, life membership fee, etc., received from one financial year to the next financial year. In fact, a proper structure of accounting is prudent to minimise the possibilities of embezzlement of the funds contributed by other donors and members.
For this cause, one has to prepare their final accounts during the closure of the accounting period and the general principles of accounting are completely pertinent in their preparation as mentioned earlier, the final accounts of a NPO incorporates the following :
- Income and Expenditure Account
- Receipt and Payment Account
- Balance Sheet
If an establishment has followed the double entry system of accounting, they have to prepare a trial balance for scrutinizing the perfection of the ledger accounts and it will also enable the preparation of Income and Expenditure Account, Receipt and Payment account and the Balance Sheet.
The above mentioned is the concept that is explained in detail about Accounting Records of Not-for-Profit Organisations for the class 12 students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.