Difference between Price Effect and Income Effect.


In financial aspects or in economics, the absolute or total change in the utilisation basket because of the adjustment of cost or price is known as the price effect. Whenever there is an adjustment of the cost of the item or service, the financial plan or the budget line slope changes bringing about the adjustment of the circumstances for consumer equilibrium.

Thus, to change under new value or price conditions, a client changes the utilisation or consumption basket in order to acquire the most extreme fulfilment. Value or price effect can be income impact or income effect and substitution effect.

Meaning of Price Effect:

Whenever the cost of a product falls, it turns out to be similarly less expensive than another product, which induces clients to supplant or replace products whose cost has been diminished for different items that are generally costly at this point. Therefore, the total demand or the aggregate demand of the product whose cost or price has been diminished increments and vice versa. This is known as the replacement impact or price effect, which emerges because of the intrinsic inclination of shoppers or end consumers to substitute less expensive products for moderately costly ones in the wake of dispensing with the real income impact of value or price change.

Meaning of Income Effect:

At the point when there is abatement or a decrease in the cost or price of goods and services, the buyer will actually want to purchase a greater amount with a similar sum or a similar amount with less amount of cash. Along these lines, the overall purchasing power of the buyer builds increases, which actuates them to purchase a greater amount of that product whose cost has diminished, increments. The inverse is additionally true; for example, an increment in the cost or price of a product or a service will bring about a fall in utilisation or consumption because of the income effect.

Assume Mr. XYZ spends half of his income on buying food, and a decrease of 10% in the cost of basic foods will build or increase the available cash that is accessible to him, which he can spend on purchasing extra food or something different for his personal choice.

Difference between Price Effect and Income Effect:




Price effect implies an impactor effect because of the adjustment or change of the cost of a product or service, driving or leading customers to supplant or replace more extravagant or higher-price products with lower costs ones.

Income effect alludes to the adjustment or a change of the demand of a product brought about by the adjustment or change of a shopper’s real income.


Relative value or price changes.

Income being opened up or freed up.


Change in the amount demanded of a product or service because of changes in costs or prices.

Effect of the rise or fall in buying power on utilisation or consumption.

Fall in the Price of a Product

Will make it less expensive than its substitutes, which will draw in more clients and result in more sought after or demanded products.

Expands genuine spending force of a shopper that permits clients to purchase more with the given financial budget.

Rise in the Price of a Product

As elective or alternative products are similarly less expensive thus, clients will change or switch to different merchandise.

Lessens disposable income, which thus diminishes the amount or quantity demanded.

Manifests by

Movement along with the price-consumption curve

Movement along with the income-consumption curve


To lay out plainly, income effect alludes to the impact or effect of the adjustment or changes of real income of the buyer, while price effect implies the replacement of one item for another because of the adjustment or changes of the general cost or relative price of a product or service. These are the two parts of the effect of the adjustment or change of the cost of a product on the utilisation design or consumption pattern. Hicksian’s methodology or approach and Slutksy’s methodology or approach break down the absolute value or price effect into two impacts or effects, substitution effect and income effect.

Also, see:

Consumer Equilibrium Utility Analysis

Deriving a Demand Curve From Indifference Curves and Budget Constraints

Consumer Equilibrium in Case of Two Commodity

Abbreviations Used in Economics Study Materials

Aggregate Demand and Its Components

Concept of Movement Along the Demand

Total Product Average Product and Marginal Product

The Law of Diminishing Marginal Product and the Law of Variable Proportions

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