The state of balance obtained by an end user of products that refers to the number of goods and services they can buy given their existing level of income and the prevailing level of cost prices. Consumer equilibrium permits a customer to get the most satisfaction possible from their income.
|(a) MEANING OF CONSUMER’S EQUILIBRIUM||Equilibrium means a state of maximum satisfaction.
Consumer’s equilibrium is a situation when he spends his given income on the purchase of one or more commodities in such a way that he gets maximum satisfaction and has no urge to change this level of consumption, given the prices of commodities.
|(b) CONDITION OF CONSUMER EQUILIBRIUM IN CASE OF SINGLE COMMODITY||The consumer will be in the state of equilibrium when the following condition is fulfilled:
The marginal utility of commodity ‘X’ in terms of rupees is equal to the price of commodity ‘X’ in rupees. [MUx (in Rs.) = Px (Rs.)]
Mux (in utils) = Px (in Rs.) or MU of Commodity ‘X’ (in utils) = Px in Rs)
|(c) HYPOTHETICAL SCHEDULE/ NUMERICAL EXAMPLE||Let us take the example of Fruit Ice-cream. Price of an ice-cream Scoop is Rs.30 and MUm i.e. MU of money (Re 1) = 1 util.
|(d) EXPLANATION AND CONCLUSION||In the given example, the level of Consumer’s Equilibrium is 3 units
MU of Ice Cream in rupees = Price of Ice Cream in rupees i.e. Rs.30.