What is Current Liabilities? Meaning and List of Current Liabilities

Definition of Current Liabilities

Current liabilities are an enterprise’s obligations or debts that are due within a year or within the normal functioning cycle. Moreover, current liabilities are settled by the use of a current asset, either by creating a new current liability or cash.

Current liabilities appear on an enterprise’s Balance Sheet and incorporate accounts payable, accrued liabilities, short-term debt and other similar debts.

The average amount of current liabilities is a vital component of various measures of the short term liquidity of trading concern, comprising of:

Current Ratio It is current assets divided by current liabilities
Quick Ratio It is computed as current assets minus inventory which is divided by current liabilities
Cash Ratio These are the cash and equivalent of cash which is divided by current liabilities

List of Current Liabilities Examples:

Current Liabilities List

Below mentioned are the few examples of current liabilities :

  • Accounts Payable: Accounts payables are nothing but, the money owed to the manufacturers.
  • Accrued Expenses: They are the bills which are due to a 3rd party but not payable, for instance, wages payable.
  • Accrued Interest: Accrued Interest incorporates all interest that has been accumulated since previously paid.
  • Bank account overdrafts (BAO): BAOs are the short term advances that are outlined by the bank for the purpose of overdrafts.
  • Notes payable or Bank loans: It is the existing principal part of a long term loan.
  • Dividends payable: They are the dividends stated by the enterprise’s BOD (Board of Directors) that are due to be paid to the shareholders.
  • Income Taxes payable: Income tax is a kind of tax that is owed to the government that is due to be paid.
  • Wages: Wages is the money that is due to be paid to the employees.

Current Liabilities Formula

Current Liabilities = [Notes payable + Accounts payable + Accrued expenses + Unearned revenue

+ Current portion of long term debt + other short term debt.]

Also Read: How to Calculate Current Liabilities?

Noncurrent liabilities

Noncurrent liabilities are those obligations not due for settlement within one year. These liabilities are separately classified in an entity’s balance sheet, away from current liabilities.

Examples of noncurrent liabilities are Long-term portion of debt payable.

While current liabilities assess liquidity, noncurrent liabilities help assess solvency. To clearly understand, Noncurrent liabilities are compared to cash flow, to see if a company will be able to meet its financial obligations in the long-term. While lenders are primarily concerned with short-term liquidity and the amount of current liabilities, long-term investors use noncurrent liabilities to gauge whether a company is using excessive leverage. The more stable a company’s cash flows, the more debt it can support without increasing its default risk. If companies are unable to repay their long-term liabilities as they become due, then the company will face a solvency crisis.

List of non-current liabilities:

  • Bonds payable
  • Long-term notes payable
  • Deferred tax liabilities
  • Mortgage payable
  • Capital lease

Examples of Noncurrent Liabilities

  • Noncurrent liabilities include debentures,
  • long-term loans,
  • bonds payable,
  • deferred tax liabilities,
  • long-term lease obligations,
  • pension benefit obligations.


The above mentioned is the concept, that is elucidated in detail about ‘What is Current Liabilities?’ for the Commerce students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.

Frequently Asked Questions on Current Liabilities

How to calculate current liabilities?

Current liabilities are the sum of Notes Payable, Accounts Payable, Short-Term Loans, Accrued Expenses, Unearned Revenue, Current Portion of Long-Term Debts, Other Short-Term Debts.

How to Calculate Average Current Liabilities?

The sum of total current liabilities at the beginning of the period and The total current liabilities at the end of the period is divided by 2.

What is the Importance of Tracking Current Liabilities?

As current liabilities gives us a general overview of your business’s short-term financial standing and is good when planning for working capital expenditures. Generally, a company that has fewer current liabilities than current assets is considered to be healthy.

What are the 3 main characteristics of liabilities?

The three main characteristics of liabilities are current, non-current, and contingent liabilities.

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