TS Grewal Solutions Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2- Accounting Equation is a fundamental concept to be studied by the students. Here, we have provided in a simplistic and a step by step method, which is useful for the students to score well in the board exams.

Class 11 TS Grewal Solutions Accountancy Chapter 2:-Download PDF Here

Board CBSE
Class Class 11
Subject Accountancy
Chapter Chapter 2
Chapter Name Accounting Equation
Number of questions solved 28
Category TS Grewal

Chapter 1- Accounting Equation defines the below-mentioned concepts:

  • Balance Sheet and Income Statement
  • Balance in Accounting:
  • Fundamental Accounting Equation
  • Accounting equation in an Income Statement
  • Double-entry bookkeeping system

Ts Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2- Accounting Equation

Q.1 What will be effect of the following on the Accounting Equation?
(i) Started business with cash ₹ 45,000
(ii) Opened a Bank Account with a deposit of ₹ 4,500
(iii) Bought goods from M\s. Sun & Co. for ₹ 11,200

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -1

Therefore,

Liabilities = 11,200

Capital = 45,000

Assets = Liabilities + Capital

= 45,000 + 11,200 = 56,200

Q.2 Show the Accounting Equation for the following transactions:

 

 

(i)

 Gopinath started business with cash

 25,000

(ii) 

 Purchased goods from Shyam

10,000

(iii)

 Sold goods to Sohan costing ₹ 1,800

1,500

(iv)

 Gopinath withdrew from business 

5,000

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -2

Here,

Liabilities = 10,000

Capital = 19,700

Assets = 10,000 + 19,700 = 29,700

Q.3 Show the effect of the following transactions on the Accounting Equation:
(i) Started business with cash ₹ 50,000.
(ii) Salaries paid ₹ 2,000.
(iii) Wages Outstanding ₹ 200.
(iv) Interest due but not paid ₹ 100.
(v) Rent paid in advance ₹ 150.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -3

Q.4 What will be the effect of the following on the Accounting Equation?

(i) Harish started business with cash ₹ 18,000

(ii) Purchased goods for Cash ₹ 5,000 and on credit ₹ 2,000

(iii) Sold goods for cash ₹ 4,000 (costing ₹ 2,400)

(iv) Rent paid ₹ 1,000 and rent outstanding ₹ 200

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -4

Q.5 Prepare Accounting Equation from the following:

(i) Started business with cash ₹ 1,00,000 and Goods ₹ 20,000.

(ii) Sold goods worth ₹ 10,000 for cash ₹ 12,000.

(iii) Purchased furniture on credit for ₹ 30,000.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -5

Q.6 Prepare an Accounting Equation and Balance Sheet on the following basis:

(i) Ajeet started business with cash ₹ 20,000.

(ii) He purchased furniture for ₹ 2,000.

(iii) He paid rent of ₹ 200.

(iv) He purchases goods on credit ₹ 3,000.

(v) He sold goods (cost price ₹ 2,000) for ₹ 5,000 on cash.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -6 

The balance sheet is prepared as follows

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -7

Q.7 Prepare an Accounting Equation from the following:

(i) Started business with cash ₹ 1,00,000.

(ii) Purchased goods for cash ₹ 20,000 and on credit ₹ 30,000.

(iii) Sold goods for cash costing ₹ 10,000 and on credit costing ₹ 15,000 both at a profit of 20%.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -8 

Q.8 Develop an Accounting Equation from the following transactions:

 

 

 ₹

(i)

 Mohan commenced business with cash

50,000

(ii) 

 Purchased goods for cash

30,000

(iii)

 Purchased goods on credit 

20,000

(iv)

 Sold goods (costing ₹ 10,000) for

12,000

(v)

 Bought furniture on credit

2,000

(vi)
(vii)

 Paid cash to a creditor
 Salary paid

15,000
1,000

The solution for this question is as follows:

 

Q.9 Prepare an Accounting Equation on the basis of the following transactions:

(i) Started business with cash ₹ 70,000.

(ii) Credit purchase of goods ₹ 18,000.

(iii) Payment made to creditors in full settlement ₹ 17,500.

(iv) Purchase of machinery for cash ₹ 20,000.

(v) Depreciation on machinery ₹ 2,000.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - question 9

Q.10 Prove that the Accounting Equation is satisfied in all the following transactions of Suresh. Also prepare a Balance Sheet.

(i) Commenced business with cash ₹ 60,000.

(ii) Paid rent in advance ₹ 500.

(iii) Purchased goods for cash ₹ 30,000 and credit ₹ 20,000.

(iv) Sold goods for cash ₹ 30,000 costing ₹ 20,000.

(v) Paid salary ₹ 500 and salary outstanding being ₹ 100.

(vi) Bought motorcycle for personal use ₹ 5,000.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -11

Here,

Liabilities = 20,000 + 100 = 20,100

Capital = 64,400

Assets = 64,400 + 20,100 = 84,500

Balance sheet is prepared as follows

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -12

Q.11 Show the effect of the following transactions and also prepare a Balance Sheet:

(i) Started business with cash ₹ 60,000.

(ii) Rent received ₹ 2,000.

(iii) Accrued interest ₹ 500.

(iv) Commission received in advance ₹ 1,000.

(v) Amount withdrawn ₹ 5,000.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -13

 

Balance sheet is prepared as follows

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -14

Q.12 Prove that the Accounting Equation is satisfied in all the following transactions of Sameer Goel:

(i) Started business with cash ₹ 10,000.

(ii) Paid rent in advance ₹ 300.

(iii) Purchased goods for cash ₹ 5,000 and credit ₹ 2,000.

(iv) Sold goods for cash ₹ 8,000 costing ₹ 4,000.

(v) Paid salary ₹ 450 and salary outstanding being ₹ 100.

(vi) Bought motorcycle for personal use ₹ 3,000.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -15

Here,

Liabilities = 2000 + 100 = 2100

Capital = 10,450

Assets = 10,450 + 2100 = 12,550

Q.13 Show the Accounting Equation on the basis of the following transactions and present a Balance Sheet on the last new equation balance:

 

 

(i)

Raj commenced business with cash 

70,000

(ii) 

Purchased goods on credit

14,000

(iii)

Withdrew for Private use

1,700

(iv)

Goods purchased for cash

10,000

(v)

Paid wages

300

(vi)
(vii)
(viii)
(ix)

Paid to creditors
Sold goods on credit for
Sold goods for cash (cost price was Purchased motorcycle for cash ₹ 3,000)
Purchased furniture for 
 

10,000
15,000
4,000

​500

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -16

 

 

Balance sheet is prepared as follows

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -17

Q.14 Raghunath had the following transactions in an accounting year:

(i) Commenced business with cash ₹ 50,000.

(ii) Paid into bank ₹ 10,000.

(iii) Purchased goods for cash ₹ 20,000 and credit ₹ 30,000.

(iv) Sold goods for cash ₹ 40,000 costing ₹ 30,000.

(v) Rent paid ₹ 500.

(vi) Rent outstanding ₹ 100.

(vii) Bought furniture ₹ 5,000 on credit.

(viii) Bought refrigerator for personal use ₹ 5,000.

(ix) Purchased motorcycle for cash ₹ 20,000.

Create an Accounting Equation to show the effect of the above and also show his Balance Sheet.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -18

 

Balance sheet is prepared as follows

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -19

Q.15 Prepare an Accounting Equation from the following:

(i) Started business with cash ₹ 50,000 and goods ₹ 30,000.

(ii) Purchased goods for cash ₹ 30,000 and on credit from Karan ₹ 20,000.

(iii) Goods costing ₹ 40,000 were sold for ₹ 55,000.

(iv) Withdrew cash for personal use ₹ 10,000.

(v) Rent outstanding ₹ 2,000.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -20

Q.16 Show an Accounting Equation for the following transactions:

(i) D. Mahapatra commenced business with cash ₹ 50,000 and ₹ 1,00,000 by cheque; goods ₹ 60,000; machinery ₹ 1,00,000 and furniture ₹ 50,000.

(ii) 1/3rd of above goods sold at a profit of 10% on cost and half of the payment is received in cash.

(iii) Depreciation on machinery provided @ 10%.

(iv) Cash withdrawn for personal use ₹ 10,000.

(v) Interest on drawings charged @ 5%.

(vi) Goods Sold to Gupta for ₹ 10,000 and received a Bill Receivable for the same amount for 3 months.

(vii) Received ₹ 10,000 from Gupta against the Bills Receivable on its maturity.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -21

Q.17 Prepare Accounting Equation from the following:

(a) Started business with cash ₹ 1,00,000.

(b) Purchased goods for cash ₹ 20,000 and on credit ₹ 30,000.

(c) Sold goods for cash costing ₹ 10,000 and on credit costing ₹ 15,000 both at a profit of 20%.

(d) Paid salaries ₹ 8,000.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -22

 

Q.18 Show the accounting equation on the basis of following transactions:

(a) Ram started business with ₹ 25,000.

(b) Purchased goods from Shyam ₹ 10,000.

(c) Sold goods to Sohan costing ₹ 1,500 for ₹ 1,800.

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -23

Q.19 If the capital of a business is ₹ 3,00,000 and liabilities are ₹ 50,000, loss ₹ 70,000, calculate the total assets of the business.

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -24

Q.20 If total assets of a business are ₹ 1,30,000 and net worth is ₹ 80,000, calculate the creditors.

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -25

Q.21 A commenced his cloth business on 1st April, 2018 with a capital of ₹ 30,000. On 31st March 2019, his assets were worth ₹ 50,000 and liabilities of ₹ 10,000. Find out his closing capital and profits earned during the year.

The solution for this question is as follows:

Here Capital = 30,000

Assets = 50,000

Liabilities = 10,000

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -26

Q.22 If capital of a business is ₹ 1,40,000 and liabilities are of ₹ 80,000, calculate the total assets of the business.

The solution for this question is as follows:

Here Capital = 1,40,000

Liabilities = 80,000

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -27

Q.23 Calculate the total assets if:

(i) Capital is ₹ 40,000.

(ii) Creditors are ₹ 25,000.

(iii) Revenue during the period is ₹ 50,000.

(iv) Expenses during the period are ₹ 40,000.

The solution for this question is as follows:

Here Capital = 40,000

Creditors = 25,000

Revenue = 50,000

Expenses = 40,000

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -28

Q.24 (a) A had a capital of ₹ 75,000 on 1st April, 2018. He had also goods amounting to ₹ 15,000 which he had purchased on credit and the payment had not been made. Find out the value of the total assets of the business.

(b) After a period of one month, he came to know that he had suffered a loss of ₹ 1,700. He withdrew ₹ 800 for his personal use. Find out his capital and assets of the business.

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -29

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -30

Q.25 (a) Mohan started a business on 1st April, 2018 with a capital of ₹ 10,000 and borrowed ₹ 3,000 from a friend. He earned a profit of ₹ 5,000 during the year ended 31st March, 2019 and withdrew cash ₹ 4,000 for personal use. What is his capital on 31st March, 2019?

(b) Mahesh started a business with a capital of ₹ 15,000 on 1st April, 2018. During the year, he made a profit of ₹ 3,000. He owes ₹ 2,500 to suppliers of goods. What is the total of assets in his business on 31st March, 2019?

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -31

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -32

Q.26 Mohan started a business on 1st April, 2018 with a capital of ₹ 25,000 and a loan of ₹ 12,500 borrowed from Shyam. During 2018-19 he had introduced additional capital of ₹ 12,500 and had withdrawn ₹ 7,500 for personal use. On 31st March, 2019 his assets were ₹ 75,000. Find out his capital as on 31st March, 2019 and profit made or loss incurred during the year 2018-19.

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -33

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -34

Q.27 On 31st March, 2019, the total assets and external liabilities were ₹ 2,00,000 and ₹ 6,000 respectively. During the year, the proprietor had introduced capital of ₹ 20,000 and withdrawn ₹ 12,000 for personal use. He made a profit of ₹ 20,000 during the year. Calculate the capital as on 1st April, 2018.

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -35

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -36

Q.28 Show an Accounting Equation on the basis of the following transactions:

 

 

 ₹

(i)

 Sunil started business with cash

1,50,000

(ii)

 Opened a Bank Account by depositing ₹ 25,000 out of cash

 

(iii)

 He sold his personal car for ₹ 50,000 and deposited the amount in the firm’s Bank Account

 

(iv)

 He purchased a building and furniture for 

1,00,000

(v)

 He purchased goods from Ram on credit 

50,000

(vi)

 He paid cartage 

500

(vii)

 He sold to Shyam on credit goods costing ₹ 6,000 for 

9,000

(viii)

 Received rent from tenants

1,000

(ix)

 Received security deposit from tenants

1,500

(x)

 Purchased stationery for cash

100

(xi)

 Invested in shares (personal)

50,000

(xii)

 Received interest in cash

200

(xiii)

 Introduced fresh capital

25,000

(xiv)

 Goods destroyed by fire

500

The solution for this question is as follows:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 2 - Accounting Equation -37

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