TS Grewal Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 2- Accounting for Partnership Firms- Fundamentals

Ts Grewal Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Vol 1 Chapter 2:

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 2 Accounting for Partnership Firms- Fundamentals is contemplated to be an important concept to be learnt thoroughly by the students. Here, we have provided TS Grewal Accountancy solutions for class 12.

Class 12 TS Grewal Solutions Accountancy Vol 1 Chapter 2:-Download PDF Here

Board CBSE
Class Class 12
Subject Accountancy
Chapter Chapter 2
Chapter Name Accounting for Partnership Firms- Fundamentals
Number of questions solved 10
Category TS Grewal

This Chapter 2 Accounting for Partnership Firms- Fundamentals explains the below-mentioned concepts:

  • Partnership Deed
  • Special aspects of partnership accounts
  • Maintenance of capital accounts of partners
  • Past Adjustments
  • Final Accounts

TS Grewal Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 2- Accounting for Partnership Firms- Fundamentals

Question 1

What are the rules that are associated, when there is a situation of absence of Partnership Deed?

  1. Partners salaries
  2. Interest on partners capitals
  3. Interest on partners loan
  4. Division of gains
  5. Interest on partners drawings

Solution:

The provisions of the Indian Provision Act (IPA), 1932 are applicable in the absence of Partnership Deed. Accordingly,

  1. No partner is allowed to receive his or her salary
  2. No interest in the partner’s capital is permitted
  3. 6% of interest on the partner’s loan is allowed
  4. When the Profits are distributed, it is supposed to be done in equal ratio
  5. Interest on partner’s drawings charged is Nil

Question 2

The following differences have arisen among X, Y and Z. Now, you can decide who is correct in each of the scenario given below:

  1. X has utilised ₹. 10,000/- that belongs to the company and incurred a profit of ₹. 5,000/-. Now, Y & Z expects that amount to be given to the company.
  2. Y has utilised ₹. 10,000/-that belongs to the enterprise and has suffered a loss of ₹. 2,000/-. However, he demands the enterprise to bear the loss that is suffered by him.
  3. X & Y wants to buy a few commodities from B Ltd., and Z has not given his consent.
  4. Y & Z wants to admit A as the partner and X is not agreeing.

Solution:

  1. X is bound to pay ₹. 10,000/- with a profit of ₹. 5,000/- of the company. The reason is, this amount belongs to the company and according to the agent and principal relationship, X is both the agent and principal to the company to Y & Z. According to the set of regulations, any profits gained by an agent (X) by utilising the company’s property or an asset is certainly accountable to the company.
  2. Y is liable to pay ₹. 10,000/- to the enterprise. This is according to the Partnership Act, 1932, each partner of a partnership enterprise is liable to the company for any loss (₹.2,000/-) suffered by his or her obstinate negligence which is precisely evident from the fact that he has utilised the company asset and misrepresented himself as the principal, instead of agent to the rest of the partners and the enterprise.
  3. According to the Partnership Act, 1932, a partner has a right to purchase or sell the commodities without consulting the other partners until and unless a Public notice has been issued by the partnership firm to constrain the partners to purchase or sell (trade). Accordingly, X & Y can purchase commodities from B Ltd.
  4. In such a scenario, A will not be admitted as one of the partners; as X has not given his consent to admit A. According to the Partnership act, 1932, a new partner cannot be admitted into the firm; until and unless all the existing partners give their consent on the same.

Question 3

Sunil and Amith were partners with a capital contribution of ₹. 15,00,000/- and ₹.10,00,000/- each. And, they do not have a partnership deed. Sunil’s demand is, that the profits of the enterprise must be shared in the capital ratio. However, Amith has succeeded in convincing Sunil that the gains would be shared equally. Now, explain how Amith ould have succeeded in convincing Sunil for the equal share of profits.

Solution:

If the partnership deed is either silent on the few aspects or there is no partnership deed entered between the partners, then the provisions of Indian Partnership Act, 1932 will come into the picture and would be applicable.

According to the Indian Partnership Act, 1932, if there exists no agreement with regards to the ratio in which profits are supposed to be shared, then either profits or losses must be shared in equal proportion among all the partners. Correspondingly, Sunil’s opinion regarding the profit allocation in the capital ratio is certainly unacceptable and Amith must convince Sunil by affirming the provisions that are declared in the Indian Partnership Act, 1932.

Question 4

Suhas and Saptham were partners since 1st of April, 2016 and no partnership agreement was made. Each partner contributed ₹. 8,00,000/- and 12,00,000/- as the capital. In addition, Suhas took an advance of an amount of ₹. 2,00,000/- to the firm on 1st of October, 2016. Due to a long illness and medical issues, Suhas couldn’t be a part of the business activities from 1st of August to 30th of September, 2016. The profit for the year ended 31st March 2017 amounted to ₹. 2,00,000/-. Now, conflicts have begun between Suhas and Saptham.

Suhas Claims:

  • He should be entitled to interest @ 10% per annum on the loans and capital
  • Gains must be allocated in the proportion of capital

Saptham Claims:

  • Profits must be allocated equally
  • He must be entitled to an amount of ₹. 5,000/- per month as a reimbursement for the period he managed to regulate the business enterprise in Suhas’s absence
  • Interest on loan and capital must be allowed @ 6% per annum

Now, you are required to settle the conflicts between Suhas and Saptham. Also, prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account.

Solution:

Suhas Claims:

  • As he is entitled to only 6% interest on the loan, it cannot claim interest on capital to the Indian Partnership Act, 1932
  • According to the Indian Partnership Act, 1932, in the absence of any agreement. Profit is allocated equally

Saptham Claims:

  • According to the Indian Partnership Act, 1932, it will be accepted
  • As there is no agreement on the matter of remuneration, he is not entitled to any remuneration
  • 6% interest for the loan must be given, as it is no interest on the capital is permitted

Distribution of profits:

Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account Cr.
Particulars Particulars
To interest on partner’s loan a/c: Suhas= [2,00,000 X (6/100) X (6/12)] 6,000 By Profit and Loss a/c 2,00,000
To Profit and Loss Appropriation a/c 1,94,000
2,00,000 2,00,000
Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account Cr.
Particulars Particulars
To profit transferred to :

Suhas’s capital a/c

Saptham’s capital a/c

97,000

97,000

By Profit and Loss Appropriation a/c 1,94,000
1,94.000 1,94,000

Question 5

Beena and Mona are the Profit and Loss sharing partners in the ratio of 3:4 with capitals of ₹. 3,00,000/- and ₹. 5,00,000/- accordingly. On the 1st of October 2017, Beena and Mona granted loans of ₹. 60,000/- and ₹. 30,000/- respectively to the enterprise. Show the distribution of Profit and Loss for the year ended 31st March 2018 in each of the following below mentioned cases:

Case no.1: If the profit before interest for the year amounted to ₹. 20,000/-

Case no.2: If the profit before interest for the year amounted to ₹. 2,000/-

Case no.3: If the profit before interest for the year amounted to ₹. 4,000/-

Solution:

  • Calculation of interest on the loan for 6 months =

Interest on Beena’s loan for 6 months = \(60,000\times \frac{6}{100}\times \frac{6}{12} = 1,800\)

Interest on Mona’s loan for 6 months = \(30,000\times \frac{6}{100}\times \frac{6}{12} = 900\)

  • Case no.1: If the profit before interest for the year amounted to ₹. 20,000/-
Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended March 31st, 2018 Cr.
Particulars Particulars
To interest on Beena’s loan a/c

To interest on Mona’s loan a/c

1,800

900

By profit b/d (before interest) 20,000
To profit transferred to:

Beena’s capital a/c = 17,300 X 3/7

Mona’s capital a/c = 17,300 X 4/7

7,414

9,886

17,300
20,000 20,000
  • Case no.2: If the profit before interest for the year amounted to ₹. 2,000/-
Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended March 31st, 2018 Cr.
Particulars Particulars
To interest on Beena’s loan a/c 1,800 By Profit b/d (before interest) 2,000
To interest on Mona’s loan a/c 900 By loss transferred to :

Beena’s capital a/c = 700 X 3/7

Mona’s capital a/c = 700 X 4/7

300

400

700
2,700 2,700
  • Case no.3: If the profit before interest for the year amounted to ₹. 4,000/-
Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended March 31st, 2018 Cr.
Particulars Particulars
To interest on Beena’s loan a/c 1,800 By Profit b/d (before interest) 4,000
To interest on Mona’s a/c 900
To profit transferred to :

Beena’s capital a/c = 1,300 X 3/7

Mona’s capital a/c = 1,300 X 4/7

557

743

1300
4,000 4,000

Question 6

Uma and Suma were partners. Uma’s capital is ₹. 2,00,000/- and Suma’s capital is ₹. 1,00,000/-. Interest on capital is payable @ 6% per annum. Suma is entitled to a salary of ₹. 5,000/- per month. Profit for the current year before interest and salary to Suma is ₹. 1,00,000/-. Prepare a Profit and Loss appropriation account.

Solution:

Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account Cr.
Particulars Particulars
To interest in capital:

Uma’s capital = 2,00,000 X 6% = 12,000

Suma’s Capital = 1,00,000 X 6% = 6,000

18,000 By Profit and Loss (Net Profit) 1,00,000
To salary to Suma’s account = 5,000 X 12 60,000
To profit transferred to:

Uma’s capital account – 11,000

Suma’s capital account – 11,000

22,000
1,00,000 1,00,000

Working Note –

Calculation of profit share of each partner divisible profit =

1,00,000 (Profit for the current year before interest) – 18,000 – 60,000 = 22,000

22,000 X ½ = 11,000

Question 7

Rosy and Charlotte are partners in an enterprise sharing profits in the ration of 4:5. Rosy’s capital is ₹. 2,00,000/- and Charlotte’s capital is ₹. 1,50,000/-. The partnership deed furnished that, Rosy was to be paid a salary of ₹. 3,000/- per month and Charlotte was to receive a commission of ₹. 15,000/- per annum. Interest on capital was to be allowed @ 6% per annum and interest on drawings was to be charged at @ 5% per annum; interest on Rosy’s drawings was ₹. 1,500/- and on Charlotte’s drawings was ₹. 500/-. Interest on capital earned was ₹. 12,000/- and ₹. 9,000/-. The business earned a profit of ₹. 1,00,000/- for the year ended 31st of March, 2018. Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation account of the firm.

Solution:

Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account Cr.
Particulars Particulars
To salary to Rosy (3,000X12) 36,000 By Profit and Loss a/c (Net profits) 1,00,000
To commission to Charlotte 15,000 By interest on drawings a/c :

Rosy = 1,500

Charlotte = 500

2,000
To interest on capital =

Rosy = 2,00,000X6%

Charlotte = 1,50,000X6%

12,000

9,000

To profit transferred to:

Rosy’s capital a/c = 13,333

Charlotte’s capital a/c = 16,667

30,000
1,02,000 1,02,000

Working Note –

Calculation of share of profit for each partner

Profit available for each partner = 1,00,000 + 2,000 – 36,000 – 15,000 – 21,000 = 30,000

Profit sharing ratio = 4:5

Rosy’s profit share = 30,000 X 4/9 = 13,333

Charlotte’s profit share = 30,000 X 5/9 = 16,667

Question 8

Dravid and Tendulkar are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 4:5. Their capitals as on 31st of March, 2017 was ₹. 3,00,000/- each; whereas current accounts had balances of ₹. 70,000/- and ₹. 50,000/- respectively. Interest to be allowed @ 6% per annum on the balance in the capital account. The enterprise earned a net profit of ₹. 5,00,000/- for the year ended 31st March, 2018. Pass the necessary journal entries for the capital on it and allocation of profit. Also, prepare P&L appropriation account for the year.

Solution:

Journal Entries

Date Particulars L.F. Dr. Cr.
Profit and Loss appropriation a/c Dr.

To Dravid’s current a/c

To Tendulkar’s current a/c

(Being interest on capital transferred to the P & L appropriation a/c)

36,000 18,000

18,000

Profit and Loss appropriation a/c Dr.

To Dravid’s current a/c

To Tendulkar’s current a/c

(Being profit transferred to the partner’s current a/c)

4,64,000 2,06,222

2,57,778

Working Notes –

Net profit – Total interest on capital = 5,00,000 – 36,000 = 4,64,000

Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account Cr.
Particulars Particulars
To interest on capital:

Dravid’s a/c = 18,000

Tendulkar’s a/c = 18,000

36,000 By Profit and Loss a/c 5,00,000
To profit transferred to:

Dravid’s current a/c = 2,06,222

Tendulkar’s current a/c = 2,57,778

4,64,000
5,00,000 5,00,000

Working Notes –

Calculation of interest on capital =

Interest on Dravid’s capital = 3,00,000 X 6/100 = 18,000

Interest on Tendulkar’s capital = 3,00,000 X 6/100 = 18,000

Question 9

Aravind, Sam and Deepak are partners sharing the profits and losses equally. As per the partnership deed, Deepak is entitled to a commission of 12% on the net profit after charging such commission. The net profit before charging such commission is ₹. 2,50,000/-. Now, ascertain the amount of commission that is payable to Deepak.

Solution:

Net profit before charging commission = 2,50,000

Commission to Deepak – 12% on the net profit after charging such commission

Hence, the commission to Deepak =

Net profit X Rate / 100 + Rate

= 2,50,000 X 12 / 100 + 12

= 2,50,000 X 12 / 112

= 26,875

Also Refer: Important Questions for Accounting for Partnership Firms

Question 10

R and S, 2 partners, drew some amount for their personal use, ₹. 1,50,000/- and 1,00,000/- respectively. Interest is chargeable at 12% per annum on the drawings. What is the amount of interest that is chargeable from R and S?

Solution:

As the date of drawings is not mentioned, interest on the drawing is computed on the average basis for a period of 6 months.

Interest on R’s drawings = 1,50,000 X 6/100 X 6/12 = 4,500

Interest on S’s drawings = 1,00,000 X 6/100 X 6/12 = 3,000

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