Difference between the Cost of Equity and the Cost of Capital


Business ventures and investments are vital, and one should not trifle with them. The most diminutive change or the slightest change in the market can make the stock cost go up or down, along these lines deciding one’s benefits or misfortunes from the investment one made. A couple of terms that conclude whether or not one ought to put resources into a business are the cost of capital and the cost of equity.

The cost of capital is a blended weighted average of the cost of equity and the cost of debt that is expected by an organisation. An organisation utilises the cost of capital to conclude whether a task or a project merits the expenditure on its assets. Financial backers use it for a comparative reason.

Cost of equity is the profit required by the organisation to ensure that the business ventures and investments that have been made meet the prerequisites for capital returns. It resembles a trade framework between the organisation and the market. The organisation makes up for its possession and ownership of resources with its cost of equity.

Meaning of the Cost of Capital:

Whenever the cost of equity is interconnected with the cost of debt and the weighted average is taken, it is known as the cost of capital. Capital is fundamentally a standard that concludes whether a venture or a project is worth its assets or regardless of whether investment merits the risk of its profits and returns.

Organisations set up funds in two ways; by gaining or acquiring debt or entirely through equity. Hence, the cost of capital is likewise exclusively subject to the financing technique. As a rule, organisations utilise a combination of the two methodologies, wherein case the cost of capital is ascertained by their weighted average.

An organisation’s choices for project business ventures and investments should create a return that surpasses the cost of capital, so financial backers return. The cost of capital is assessed by the strategy called Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC). This equation thinks about the weighted proportionality of the cost of debt and the cost of equity.

The expense of capital is one of the most fundamental variables in the dynamic decision-making course of business ventures and investments made in capital undertakings. It is the norm underneath which the business venture or a project should not be invested as the financial backer won’t get any advantages on the off chance that the profits fall.

Meaning of the Cost of Equity:

The cost of equity is basically the rate of return an investor gets on an equity or value investment that they have made. It is a worth or a value that basically implies the sum one might acquire by putting or investing resources into one more asset with equivalent risk. The number will convince a financial backer to put resources or to invest into the organisation’s resources.

The cost of equity is a fundamental part of stock assessment. There are two methods for evaluating the cost of equity; the dividend capitalisation method and the asset pricing method. Be that as it may, the profit or the dividend strategy must be applied assuming the organisation delivers profits or dividends. The capital asset pricing technique is one where it contemplates the risk associated with the investment existing in the market.

Cost of equity is fundamentally the engaging quality of the venture in which the firm would need the financial backers to contribute. As an organisation, it is the rate of return expected to convince a financial backer and an investor. It is the rate of return expected by one to invest or to put resources into the assets of a firm or organisation.

Contingent upon how one ascertains it, the expense of equity relies upon the profits paid by the organisation or the risk related to the market.

Difference between the Cost of Equity and the Cost of Capital:




It is the profits expected by a financial backer.

It is the sum paid by the organisation to raise more assets or funds.

Embody the Cost of Debt

The cost of equity doesn’t join the cost of debt.

Both the cost of debt and the cost of equity are thought about.

Benefit Conditions

The profits should be more than the cost of capital.

The cost of capital should be not as much as returns.

Decision-making Process

It assumes a little part in the decision-making process regarding investment.

It assumes a significant part in the whole decision-making process regarding investments.

Method of Calculation

The cost of equity can be determined utilising two techniques: the profit capitalisation strategy and the capital resource estimating technique.

The cost of capital is determined by the WACC strategy.


As said previously, business ventures and investments are hazardous and risky all the time. One should continuously be alert with where they put their cash into. The cost of capital and the cost of equity are two significant terms in the financial world that assist with getting more data about the dangers implied with likely business ventures and investments.

The cost of capital lets you know the sum expected to raise new cash. The cost of equity tells the financial backers the number of profits they ought to expect, considering the level of hazard implied in the market.

Also, see:

What Is Working Capital in Accounting

What Is Return on Investment

Issue of Debentures as a Collateral Security

Limits to Credit Creation and Money Multiplier

Factors Affecting the Capital Structure

Difference Between Shares and Debentures

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