Important Questions Class 12 Economics Chapter 8 Infrastructure

Important Questions with Answers for CBSE Class 12 Economics Chapter 8 Infrastructure, which is outlined by expert Economics teachers from the latest version of CBSE (NCERT) books.

CBSE Class 12 Economics Chapter-8 Important Questions

Question 1

National Rural Health Mission was launched in which year?

(a) 2006

(b) 2005

(c) 2000

(d) 2009

Answer:

(b) 2005

Question 2

On health infrastructure, what is the percentage of GDP that India invests?

Answer:

India invests nearly 5 percent of GDP on health infrastructure.

Question 3

Which states in India are struggling in the healthcare system?

Answer:

The major states struggling in the health care system are Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.

Question 4

What percentage of tap water is available in the rural household and how much population drink open source water?

(a) 24,76

(b) 60,40

(c) 40,60

(d) 70,30

Answer:

(a) In the present, the percentage for both is 24,76.

Question 5

In India, the total energy consumption of commercial energy is 65 per cent. Which source has the largest share of consumption?

(a) Coal

(b) Natural Gas

(c) Oil

(d) Hydro-Energy

Answer:

(a) Coal

Question 6

The conventional source of energy are

(a) Non- Commercial

(b) Commercial Source

(c) Both

(d) None

Answer:

(c) Both

Question 7

Name the secondary source of energy.

(a) Nuclear Energy

(b) Electricity

(c) Hydrocarbon

(d) Oil

Answer:

(d) Oil

Question 8

The word ‘Health’ means

(a) Ability to realize one’s potential

(b) Absence of disease

(c) Both

(d) None

Answer:

(c) Both

Question 9

One community health worker for every village at the norm of 1000 population is provided under which plan?

(a) National Health Programme

(b) IDPS

(c) NRHM

(d) JSY

Answer:

(b) IDPS

Question 10

In rural India, which type of fuel is used?

Answer:

Biofuels such as crop residues, cow dung and fuelwood are still used by rural India to meet energy requirements.

Question 11

Name the basic sources of generating power.

Answer:

Oil, Coal, and Water are the basic sources of generating power

Question 12

In 2014, which project was launched?

(a) JSY

(b) NRHM

(c) IDPS

(d) None of the above

Answer:

(c) IDPS (Internally Displaced Persons)

Question 13

In a rural area, what is the female worker’s participation rate?

(a) Lower in a rural area

(b) Higher in rural areas

(c) Higher in urban areas

(d) Lower in both the areas

Answer:

(b) Higher in rural areas

Question 14

What is Morbidity?

Answer: Morbidity refers to withdrawal from a state of psychology or physical well-being, following disease, injury, illness, especially where the affected individual is aware of his/her health condition.

According to the (WHO), World Health Organization morbidity can be measured in terms of the number of individuals who were ill, type of illness experienced and the duration.

Question 15

Explain the six systems of Indian medicine?

Answer: System medicine looks after the system of the human body as a part of incorporation biochemical, environment interaction and physiology.

The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (AYUSH) under Government of India looks after the development of education and research in Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy, Sowa Rigpa (Traditional Tibetian Medicine) and other medical systems.

The six systems of Indian medicine AYUSH are explained below.

1) Ayurveda- The Ayurveda goal is to keep the body functional and structural in a functional state of equilibrium, which marks good health.

2) Siddha- This system is not only focused on medicine, and it’s treatment but also takes into account the patient’s environment, age, physical condition, habit, etc. Siddha treatment is a popular treatment in Tamil speaking areas of India.

3) Unani- The system of medicine is based on practice and knowledge focused on positive health and prevention of diseases.

4) Homeopathy-This medicine system is a special course of treatment for curing diseases by administration of potency drugs.

5) Yoga- It is a way of dealing life that has a potential for the development of personal behaviour, social, improvement of physical health by stimulating better circulation of oxygenated blood in the body, retaining sense organs, and serenity of mind.

6) Naturopathy-It is a drugless treatment. It is based on the ancient treatment of diseases like following simple laws of nature.

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