MCQs on Measures of Central Tendency

In Statistics, there are three Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, Median and Mode. Mean is defined as the average value of a dataset. It is the sum of all values of a series divided by the number of valuesa in that series. Median is the middle value of a dataset when it is arranged in either ascending or descending order. Mode represents that value that occurs most frequently in the dataset. A dataset may have more than one mode in some cases, and none in other cases.

Below is a list of multiple-choice questions and answers on Measures of Central Tendency to help students understand the topic better.

    1. Which measure of central tendency includes the magnitude of scores?
      1. Mean
      2. Mode
      3. Median
      4. Range

Answer: a

    1. Which of the following is not a disadvantage of using mean?
      1. It is affected by extreme values
      2. It cannot be computed in grouped data with open-ended class intervals
      3. It does not possess the desired algebraic property
      4. None of the above

Answer: c

    1. The two methods of finding mode in a discrete series are _______.
      1. Grouping method and ascending method
      2. Table method and midpoint method
      3. Grouping method and inspecting method
      4. None of the above

Answer: c

    1. When the values in a series do not have equal importance, we calculate the _______.
      1. Mode
      2. Weighted mean
      3. Arithmetic mean
      4. None of the above

Answer: b

    1. To calculate the median, all the items of a series have to be arranged in a/an ________.
      1. Descending order
      2. Ascending order
      3. Ascending or descending order
      4. None of the above

Answer: c

    1. Mode refers to the value within a series that occurs ________ number of times.
      1. Maximum
      2. Minimum
      3. Zero
      4. Infinite

Answer: a

    1. The values of extreme items do not influence the average for_________.
      1. Mean
      2. Mode
      3. Median
      4. None of the above

Answer: c

    1. _________ is not a measure of central tendency.
      1. Mode
      2. Mean
      3. Range
      4. Median

Answer: c

    1. The sum of deviations from the _________ is always zero.
      1. Median
      2. Mode
      3. Mean
      4. None of the above

Answer: c

    1. The number of observations smaller than ________ is the same as the number of observations larger than it.
      1. Median
      2. Mode
      3. Mean
      4. None of the above

Answer: a

    1. ________ divides the data into four equal parts.
      1. Median
      2. Quartiles
      3. Mean
      4. None of the above

Answer: b

    1. What is the mean of the following numbers: 23, 45, 87, 40, 50?
      1. 49
      2. 34
      3. 56
      4. None of the above

Answer: a

    1. Which of the following is a characteristic of a mean?
      1. The sum of deviations from the mean is zero
      2. It minimises the sum of squared deviations
      3. It is affected by extreme scores
      4. All of the above

Answer: d

    1. Percentiles divide a series into ______.
      1. Ten equal parts
      2. Twenty equal parts
      3. Fifty equal parts
      4. Hundred equal parts

Answer: d

    1. Which of the following diagrams is used to find the value of mode graphically?
      1. Pie chart
      2. Bar graph
      3. Histogram
      4. None of the above

Answer: c

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