National Science Day

National Science Day is celebrated every year on 28 February to mark the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by Sir C.V. Raman on 28 February 1928.

It was this discovery that got Sir C.V. Raman a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

This article will give details about National Science Day within the context of the IAS Exam.

History of the National Science Day

The National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) requested the Central Government to designate 28 February as National Science Day (NSD) in 1986. It was done with a view to honour not just the achievements of Sir C.V. Raman but also of other scientists for their achievements in the scientific field.

Upon approval, National Science Day is celebrated all over India in schools, colleges, universities and other institutions. Following the first NSD on Feb 28 1987, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication announced the creation of the National Science Popularization Awards which recognised individuals for their contributions in the realm of science and communication.

List of Important Days for UPSC Prelims.

Significance of National Science Day

The NSD is celebrated with a view to spread the message about the significance of science and how it improves the daily lives of the common folk. In addition, its celebration also has the following objectives in mind.

  1. Display all activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science
  2. To provide opportunity for those citizens of India interested in science
  3. To foster and encourage interest in science and technology.

National Science Day- Download PDF Here

Themes of National Science Day

Since 1999, National Science Day has been celebrated keeping in mind certain specific themes. They are as follows:

National Science Day

Year Theme
1999 Our Changing Earth
2000 Recreating Interest in Basic Science
2001 Information Technology for Science Education
2002 Wealth From Waste
2003 50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The Blueprint of Life
2004 Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community
2005 Celebrating Physics
2006 Nurture Nature for our future
2007 More Crop Per Drop
2008 Understanding the Planet Earth
2009 Expanding Horizons of Science
2010 Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development
2011 Chemistry in Daily Life
2012 Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety
2013 Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security
2014 Fostering Scientific Temper
2015 Science for Nation Building
2016 Scientific Issues for Development of the Nation
2017 Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons
2018 Science and Technology for a sustainable future
2019 Science for the People, and the People for Science
2020 Women in Science
2021 Future of STI: Impact on Education Skills and Work
2022 Integrated Approach in S&T for Sustainable Future
2023 Global Science for Global Wellbeing

Awards given on National Science Day

Along with the National Science Popularization awards, national awards in other categories are also given on the National Science Day. Some of the them are as follows:

  • National S&T Communication Awards
  • Augmenting Writing Skills for Articulating Research (AWSAR) awards,
  • SERB Women Excellence Awards
  • Rajendra Prabhu Memorial Appreciation Shield

The list of awardees for the year 2022 and their respective categories are given below:

National S&T Communication Awards (2022)




National Award for Outstanding Efforts in Science & Technology
Communication in general (Category-A)
Karnataka Science and Technology Academy, Bengaluru
National Award for Outstanding Efforts in Science & Technology Communication through Print Media including Books and Magazines (Category-B)
  1. Prof. Mayadhar Swain, Bhubaneswar
  2. Dr. Biju Dharmapalan, Thiruvananthapuram
National Award for Outstanding Efforts in Science & Technology Popularization among Children (Category-C)
  1. Dr. Krishnarao Appasani, Hyderabad
  2. Dr. Uday Kumar Kakroo, New Delhi
National Award for Outstanding Efforts in Translation of Popular Science & Technology Literature in languages mentioned in the eighth schedule of the Constitution of India and in English (Category- D) Shri Tarun Kumar Jain, Jaipur
National Award for Outstanding Efforts in Science & Technology Communication through Innovative and Traditional Methods (Category E) Shri Anjan Banik, Agartala
National Award for Outstanding Efforts in Science & Technology Communication in the Electronic Medium (Category F) Shri Rakesh Andania, New Delhi


Augmenting writing skills for articulating research (AWSAR) Award

Outstanding Story (PDF category) Dr Amritesh Kumar, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
AWSAR Award: First Prize (PhD category) Ms. Neha Parashar, Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
AWSAR Award: Second prize 1. Ms. Anis Fatema, International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
2. Mr. Ankush Wankhade, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri
AWSAR Award: Third prize 1. Ms. Monica Pandey, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad.
2. Ms. Rohini B, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore


Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) Women Excellence Award

Dr Ruta Kale
Dr Ashima Bhaskar
Dr Debashree Chakraborty
Dr Mudrika Khandelwal
Dr Binita Pathak
Dr Nitika Sandhu
Dr Chandni U
Dr Neha Khatri
Dr Yogita K Adlakha

For more information about upcoming Government Exams, visit the linked article. More exam-related preparation materials will be found through the links given below

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