Nobel Prize Winners & Laureates 2020

The list of Nobel Prize Winners 2020 is imperative for competitive exams. Questions on Nobel Laureates and Prizes forms an important part of the current affairs and general awareness section.

Hence, the article will provide the list of Nobel Prize winners 2020 along with related facts and questions to assist in exam preparation. 

List of Nobel Prize Winners 2020 PDF- Download PDF Here

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List Of Nobel Prize Winners 2020

The Nobel Prize is awarded for outstanding work in the fields of physics, chemistry, literature, peace, physiology or medicine and economics. The table below highlights the Nobel Laureates who were conferred with the prestigious title in the year 2020.  

Winners of Nobel Prize 2020
Fields Nobel Laureates 2020 Contributions by the Nobel Laureates
Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice Discovery of the Hepatitis C virus
Nobel Prize in Physics Roger Penrose For the discovery of the black hole formation which is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity
Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez For discovering supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy
Nobel Prize in Chemistry Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna On discovering the method for genome editing and development of CRISPR-Cas9
Nobel Prize in Literature Louise Gluck For her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal
Nobel Peace Prize World Food Programme (WFP) For its efforts to combat the surge in Global hunger amidst coronavirus pandemic, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict. 
Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences Paul R. Milgrom, Robert B. Wilson

 

For improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats.

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Background of Nobel Prize

  1. The Nobel Prize award was first conferred in 1901. It is given in the name of Alfred Nobel who was a Swedish inventor.
  2. The season for Nobel Prize begins in October every year.
  3. The Nobel Prize is awarded yearly to the individuals or organizations who do an extraordinary job in the field of Physics, chemistry, literature, peace, physiology or medicine and Economics.
  4. All the Nobel Prizes are given at Stockholm, Sweden except for the Nobel Peace Prize which is awarded at Oslo, Norway.
  5. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine field is awarded by the Karolinska Institute. While in Physics, Chemistry and economics the prize is awarded by Royal Swedish academy of science. 
  6. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by Norwegian Nobel Committee. In Literature, the Swedish Academy grants the Nobel Prize while the Sveriges Riksbank prize is given in the field of Economic Sciences.
  7. Three people at maximum can share a Nobel Prize. 
  8. Between 1901 and 2020, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 603 times to 962 people and organizations. With some receiving the Nobel Prize more than once, thus making a total of 930 individuals and 25 organizations.

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Nobel Prize Winners 2019 Highlights

The Nobel Laureates of 2019 are as follows –

List of Nobel Prize Winners – 2019 
Nobel Prize in Physics– 

  • James Peebles “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology”
  • Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star”
Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences– 

  • Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”
Nobel Prize in Chemistry – 

  • John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino “for the development of lithium-ion batteries”
Nobel Prize in Medicine – 

  • William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza “for their discoveries of how cells sense and to adapt to oxygen availability”
Nobel Peace Prize –

  • Abiy Ahmed Ali “for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea”
Nobel Prize in Literature – 

  • Peter Handke “for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience”

Facts of Nobel Prize

  1. The first woman to receive a Nobel Prize is Marie Curie in Physics.
  2. Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian to receive the Nobel Prize. He got the prize for literature and was the first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Prize.
  3. C V Raman received the Nobel Prize in Physics.
  4. Mother Theresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  5. Amartya Sen was honoured with Nobel Prize in Economics
  6. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan received Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  7. Har Gobind Khorana received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

 Candidates can check the list of Nobel Prize Winners in India in the linked article. 

Questions on Nobel Laureates and Prizes

Q1. When was the first Nobel Prize Awarded?

Ans. The first Nobel Prize was awarded in 1901.

Q2. Who shared the First Nobel peace prize?

Ans.  Henry Dunant of Switzerland, founder of the Red Cross, and the French parliamentarian and peace activist Frédéric Passy.

Q3. Who won the Nobel Prize 2020 in Literature?

Ans. Louise Gluck is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2020.

Q4. Who won the Nobel Prize for discovering the method for genome editing?

Ans. Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna won the Nobel Prize for discovering the method for genome editing.

Q5. Who is the youngest Nobel Laureate to have won the Peace prize in 2014?

Ans. Malala Yousafzai is the youngest Nobel Laureate who received the Peace Prize in 2014 at the age of just 17 years for her struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.

Q7. Which field was not included in the Nobel Prize category at the time when the prizes were first established?

Ans. Economics was not included in the Nobel Prize during the initial period. The first Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969 for their development and application of dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes.

Q8. The World Food Programme is honoured with the Nobel Prize 2020 in which field?

Ans. The Nobel Peace Prize 2020 is awarded to World Food Programme (WFP) for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.

List of Nobel Prize Winners 2020 PDF- Download PDF Here

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