Logical Reasoning

Aptitude exams are an inseparable part of all the entrance exams of public sectors in India. The aptitude exams in India has mainly two sections:

  1. Quantitative Aptitude
  2. Logical Reasoning

To explore more about bank exams, check at the linked article.

It is evident in every question paper that questions from aptitude appears first as Part I and the questions from logical reasoning appears later as Part II. Each section has its own pattern which includes:

  1. The total numbers of questions
  2. Making scheme
  3. Sectional cut-off
  4. Time duration

To know more about Govt Exams, check at the linked article.

What is Logical Reasoning?

Logical reasoning consists of aptitude questions which require a logical level of analysis to arrive at the correct solution. Most of the questions are constructed based on concepts and the rest are out of the box thinking ones.

To explore various SBI Exams at length, check at the linked article.

Logical reasoning is classified into two types:

  1. Verbal Reasoning: It is the ability to logically understand the concepts and solve problems expressed in words. Verbal reasoning tests the ability of extraction of information and implications in a sentence.
  2. Non-verbal Reasoning: It is the ability to logically understand the concepts and solve problems expressed in numbers/letters/figures in combination with words. Non-verbal reasoning tests the ability of deduction and induction of logic of information and implications in a problem.

To explore more about SBI Clerk Syllabus, check at the linked article.

Generic steps to solve Logical Reasoning questions

Listed below are some of the steps to solve Logical Reasoning questions and answers:

  1. Read and understand the information carefully.
  2. Analyze critical logical information.
  3. Think of all the possible solutions.
  4. Compare the answer obtained with other possibilities.
  5. Come to a correct logical conclusion.

For more information on the different topics, you can check the linked pages below.

List of topics under the Logical Reasoning section

Aspirants need to study all the below topics under the Logical Reasoning section:

  1. Alphanumeric series
  2. Analogies
  3. Artificial Language
  4. Blood Relations
  5. Calendars
  6. Cause and Effect
  7. Clocks
  8. Coding-Decoding
  9. Critical path
  10. Cubes and cuboids
  11. Data Sufficiency
  12. Decision Making
  13. Deductive Reasoning/Statement Analysis
  14. Dices
  15. Directions
  16. Embedded Images
  17. Figure Matrix
  18. Input-Output
  19. Mirror and Water Images
  20. Odd One Out
  21. Picture Series and Sequences
  22. Paper Folding
  23. Pattern Series and Sequences
  24. Ranking
  25. Seating Arrangements
  26. Shape Construction
  27. Simple equation and age problems
  28. Statement and Assumptions
  29. Statement and Conclusions
  30. Syllogism

Logical Reasoning is one of the main sections in the following exams:

  1. CSAT
  2. RBI Grade – B
  3. RBI Assistant Stage I
  4. RBI Assistant Stage II
  5. SBI PO Prelims
  6. SBI PO Mains
  7. SBI Clerk Prelims
  8. SBI Clerk Mains
  9. IBPS PO Prelims
  10. IBPS PO Mains
  11. IBPS Clerk Prelims
  12. IBPS Clerk Mains
  13. IBPS SO Prelims
  14. IBPS RRB Prelims (Office Assistants)
  15. IBPS RRB Mains (Office Assistants)
  16. IBPS RRB Prelims (Scale I Officers)
  17. IBPS RRB Mains (Scale I Officers)
  18. IBPS RRB General Banking Officers(Scale I)
  19. IBPS RRB Specialist Cadres (Scale II)
  20. IBPS RRB Scale III Officers
  21. SSC CGL Tier 1
  22. SSC JE Paper 1
  23. SSC GD
  24. SSC CPO Paper 1
  25. RRB JE-First Stage CBT
  26. RRB NTPC
  27. RRB ALP

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