Aptitude exams are an inseparable part of all the entrance exams of public sectors in India. The aptitude exams in India has mainly two sections:
- Quantitative Aptitude
- Logical Reasoning
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It is evident in every question paper that questions from aptitude appears first as Part I and the questions from logical reasoning appears later as Part II. Each section has its own pattern which includes:
- The total numbers of questions
- Making scheme
- Sectional cut-off
- Time duration
What is Logical Reasoning?
Logical reasoning consists of aptitude questions which require a logical level of analysis to arrive at the correct solution. Most of the questions are constructed based on concepts and the rest are out of the box thinking ones.
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Logical reasoning is classified into two types:
- Verbal Reasoning: It is the ability to logically understand the concepts and solve problems expressed in words. Verbal reasoning tests the ability of extraction of information and implications in a sentence.
- Non-verbal Reasoning: It is the ability to logically understand the concepts and solve problems expressed in numbers/letters/figures in combination with words. Non-verbal reasoning tests the ability of deduction and induction of logic of information and implications in a problem.
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Generic steps to solve Logical Reasoning questions
Listed below are some of the steps to solve Logical Reasoning questions and answers:
- Read and understand the information carefully.
- Analyze critical logical information.
- Think of all the possible solutions.
- Compare the answer obtained with other possibilities.
- Come to a correct logical conclusion.
For more information on the different topics, you can check the linked pages below.
List of topics under the Logical Reasoning section
Aspirants need to study all the below topics under the Logical Reasoning section:
- Alphanumeric series
- Artificial Language
- Blood Relations
- Cause and Effect
- Critical path
- Cubes and cuboids
- Data Sufficiency
- Decision Making
- Deductive Reasoning/Statement Analysis
- Embedded Images
- Figure Matrix
- Mirror and Water Images
- Odd One Out
- Picture Series and Sequences
- Paper Folding
- Pattern Series and Sequences
- Seating Arrangements
- Shape Construction
- Simple equation and age problems
- Statement and Assumptions
- Statement and Conclusions
Logical Reasoning is one of the main sections in the following exams:
- RBI Grade – B
- RBI Assistant Stage I
- RBI Assistant Stage II
- SBI PO Prelims
- SBI PO Mains
- SBI Clerk Prelims
- SBI Clerk Mains
- IBPS PO Prelims
- IBPS PO Mains
- IBPS Clerk Prelims
- IBPS Clerk Mains
- IBPS SO Prelims
- IBPS RRB Prelims (Office Assistants)
- IBPS RRB Mains (Office Assistants)
- IBPS RRB Prelims (Scale I Officers)
- IBPS RRB Mains (Scale I Officers)
- IBPS RRB General Banking Officers(Scale I)
- IBPS RRB Specialist Cadres (Scale II)
- IBPS RRB Scale III Officers
- SSC CGL Tier 1
- SSC JE Paper 1
- SSC GD
- SSC CPO Paper 1
- RRB JE-First Stage CBT
- RRB NTPC
- RRB ALP