Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers

Logical reasoning questions are included in the Reasoning Ability and General Intelligence section of the Government exam syllabus. Questions from this part are scoring and help in analysing the logic-based approach of candidates.

In this article, we bring to you topic-wise logical reasoning questions for candidates to excel in the upcoming competitive exams and score more in the reasoning ability section.

Candidates are willing to get a list of the exams in which this section is included and the important topics for the same can visit the Logical Reasoning page for more information.

Take a Logical reasoning test now and ace the Reasoning ability section for the upcoming Government exams. Refer to the links given below:

The sample questions given for each topic come with solutions and answers which will help candidates correct their mistakes, if any and analyse how well prepared they are for the examination. 

To know more about the various Government exams conducted in the country, candidates can visit the linked article and check their eligibility, important exam dates and other important information regarding the same.

Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers for Government Exams

Topic-wise Logical Reasoning Questions

Given below are links to the logical reasoning questions for bank exams and other competitive exams based on the different topics which are a part of the government exam syllabus. Candidates must take the logical reasoning test for each topic and ensure they are well-prepared for the upcoming competitive examinations. 

  • Reasoning Puzzle Questions – One of the most common topics and the one from which maximum questions are asked in the examination. Different formats and types of puzzle-based questions may be asked and candidates must prepare themselves accordingly
  • Seating Arrangement Questions – Part of the puzzle questions only, seating arrangement questions are based on the number of people sitting in a set pattern and order. In such questions, candidates have to analyse the given information and form the correct seating arrangement
  • Coding-Decoding Questions – In such questions, a piece of certain information is given in coded format and candidates have to decode the information and answer the questions following it
  • Analogy Questions – When two or more elements are given and they are related to each other in a particular pattern or based on a fixed format, such questions are called reasoning analogy questions. 
  • Blood Relation Questions – Another important topic with respect to the logical reasoning part is Blood Relations. Logical reasoning questions based on this topic are generally asked in the competitive exams 
  • Direction Questions – Questions that are based on the direction test fall under this category. The Direction Test has questions where the direction of the initial and final destination or related things may be asked
  • Statement & Assumption Questions – When a statement is given in the question and based on it an assumption needs to be derived, such questions cover the statement and assumption part. These questions tend to be confusing but the key to answering them is by analysing the given data only and no external or personal opinions must be taken into consideration
  • Statement & Conclusion Questions – When a statement is given and a conclusion is to be derived from it, such questions form the statement and conclusion questions. The conclusion must entirely be based on the data given in the statement and no assumptions must be made
  • Alphanumeric Series Questions – A combination of numbers, symbols and alphabets form an alphanumeric series. Questions from this topic are frequently asked and are easy, quick and scoring
  • Data Sufficiency Questions – In such questions, information is given in the questions and candidates have to analyse if the information given is sufficient to answer the question or not. Mostly such questions are a part of the bank, SSC, RRB and insurance exams conducted in the country
  • Decision Making Questions – In such questions, a condition is given and based on that condition, a decision has to be made. These questions are also commonly asked in the UPSC examination
  • Machine Input-Output Questions – Just like computer input and output, the logical reasoning questions based on machine input and output have one input and the steps to get its output given in the question. Candidates have to follow the same steps and find the output for a given input
  • Mirror and Water Image Questions – These image-based questions have a figure given in the question and from the given options candidates have to pick which forms its complete mirror replica
  • Odd One Out Questions – There is no fixed question for odd one out. Based on any topic under the logical reasoning syllabus, the odd-one-out questions can be asked
  • Order and Ranking Questions – These questions are commonly asked in the reasoning ability section and candidates have to mostly find a person’s rank in a class, the order of placement or position in a line of people
  • Syllogism Questions – One of the most important topics with respect to Government exams. Syllogism questions are most frequently asked in the reasoning section and candidates make the maximum mistakes in such questions. Thus, for better preparation, solving more and more questions from this topic is extremely important
  • Reasoning Inequality Questions – Similar to inequalities in maths, reasoning inequalities have alphabets which are related to each other with symbols like >, <, =, ≤ and ≥
  • Clock Questions – Logical reasoning questions based on clocks may comprise questions based on angle between two hands of a clock, the degree of angle, speed of hands of a clock and puzzles based on the same. Candidates can learn more about the Concept of Clocks at the linked article.
  • Calendar Questions – Concept of odd and even days, evaluation of leap years, decoding days of the week and other calendar and day-based questions fall under the category of calendar questions. Aspirants who are new to the Concept of Calendars can visit the linked article and learn more about the topic

To get the detailed syllabus for the various other sections which are a part of the Government exam, candidates can check the set of links given below:

Quantitative Aptitude Verbal Ability
General English for Competitive Exams Static GK
Daily News Analysis Current Affairs

Importance of Practising Reasoning Questions

It is well known that more number of questions that a candidate solves, the probability of him/her understanding the topic is also higher. The same implies to reasoning questions.

Given below are a few benefits of solving logical reasoning questions on a regular basis:

  • Better Understanding of concept – To have a better understanding of the concept, solving topic-wise reasoning questions is extremely important. This practice will also enable candidates to apprehend the type of questions which may be asked from each topic
  • Easy way to Revise – Candidates can keep themselves updated by solving questions based on different topics. This will also ensure that they do not forget the concept.
  • Apply Tricks & Shortcuts – There are various tricks, using which solving logical reasoning questions can become easier and quicker. Just by reading these tricks, candidates cannot understand them well enough. Thus, applying them to questions while solving will be more beneficial.

Given below is a list of important books where candidates can find hundreds of logical reasoning questions on each topic and prepare themselves for the competitive exams:
CAT 2023

Best Books for Reasoning Questions for Bank Exams/Govt Exams
A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal
A New Approach to Reasoning (Verbal, Non-Verbal, Analytical) by B.S. Sijwali
How to Prepare Logical Reasoning for CAT by Arun Sharma
Analytical Reasoning by M.K. Pandey
The reasoning for Competitive Examinations by Pearson 

Furthermore, it is important for candidates to know the detailed syllabus and exam pattern for each competitive exam they apply for and accordingly start their preparation. 

For candidates who are looking forward to strengthening their reasoning ability skills must tale the logical reasoning test based on the topic-wise questions given in this article and ace the upcoming examinations.

Aspirants who shall be appearing for the exam for the first time and are willing to get some preparation tips and study material for the competitive exams can turn to BYJU’S for assistance. 

Frequently Asked Questions on Logical Reasoning Questions


Q 1. Are reasoning questions tough?

Ans. Reasoning questions may seem to be tough and confusing because of their complex nature, but once the candidate gets familiar with the concept and the tricks to solving the questions, the subject may become interesting.

Q 2. Are reasoning questions asked in Staff Selection Commission (SSC) exams?

Ans. Yes, reasoning questions are asked in Staff Selection Commission exams for a few posts. Candidates can get the detailed syllabus and exam pattern at the SSC Syllabus page.

Q 3. How can I score more in the reasoning section?

Ans. Reasoning is one of the most scoring subjects in the various Government exams, candidates can refer to the following tips to ace in this section:

  • Solve more reasoning questions from each topic
  • Analyse the type of questions asked from each concept and focus on them
  • Try solving reasoning questions by applying shortcuts and tricks
  • Focus on solving mock tests for better preparation
  • Read the question carefully, as the formation of question is complex
  • Do not try to mug up reasoning questions

Q 4. Is there a shortcut to solve reasoning questions?

Ans. Different tricks and shortcuts can be used to solve reasoning questions based on various topics. These tricks may question solving less time-consuming, which is the key to scoring more in competitive exams.

Q 5. How many reasoning questions are asked in the SBI PO exam?

Ans. There are two online examinations for the Probationary Officer exam, i.e., Prelims and Mains, and logical reasoning questions are a part of both phases. Prelims comprise of 35 reasoning questions, whereas Mains comprises 45 questions.


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  1. Good for future preparation