Reasoning Puzzles For All Government Exams

The puzzle-based questions form an integral part of the reasoning ability section for the various Government exams conducted in our country. This variety of questions covers a major part of the logical reasoning section for multiple competitive exams.

It must be noted that Seating Arrangement is a type of puzzle based on which questions may be asked in the exams. Candidates can check the tips to solve the Seating Arrangement questions at the linked article.

Strengthen your ability to solve the Reasoning Puzzles quicker by solving the Free Online Mock Test Series for various Government exams. 

Also, refer to the below-mentioned links:

The puzzle-based questions may be asked in different formats. These formats include:

  • Floor-based Puzzle
  • Tabular Puzzles
  • Miscellaneous Puzzles which may include three or more categories 

For beginners who have just started preparing for the Government exams, they must know that these type of puzzles form a major part of the questions asked in the reasoning ability section and each of them is followed by 3 to 5 subpart questions. Hence, they can be scoring.

In this article, we bring to you the tips to prepare for the puzzle-based questions asked in the reasoning section along with some sample questions to help you understand the concept even better. 

Government Exam 2020

Tips to Solve the Reasoning Puzzle Questions

Given below are a few tips that may help you save a lot of time in solving the puzzle-based questions for the upcoming bank, insurance, SSB, RRB and other competitive exams:

  • The first and the foremost thing that a candidate needs to remember is that the entire information given in the puzzle is all you know. No assumptions must be made while solving the puzzle
  • Never panic seeing the length of the question. This may increase the chances of making silly mistakes which may result in wastage of time. One wrong step in the puzzle may result in re-doing the entire thing
  • Ensure that you solve the entire puzzle at once and then start answering questions. This is because accuracy in answers can only be obtained at the end of the solution
  • To solve the puzzle, start reading the given information line by line and based on that form a diagram for a chart-like figure for the same
  • As you move on, keep cancelling the data whose possibility has ended
  • For puzzles where multiple data is given for multiple people, ensure that while reading the question you carefully detect the gender, singular and plural forms
  • The information that does not fit in anywhere, write it aside as it may be required later on
  • Do not make very confusing images. Ensure that the figure you draw to answer the question is clear and no mistake is made while answering the subparts of the questions

The above-mentioned points will help a candidate get an idea of how to start solving the puzzle-based questions. 

Given below are a few other topics from the logical reasoning syllabus that may help you score more in the Reasoning Ability section of the upcoming Government exams:

Puzzle – Based Reasoning Sample Questions

To simplify the idea of solving the puzzle related questions for the reasoning ability section, given below are a few examples which have been solved for your reference.

Example 1:

Question: Eight persons Piyush, Qureshi, Rekha, Sunil, Trisha, Vandana, Wajahat and Aradhana attend the lecture in a month January, August, November, March, October, April, September and June. Each one of them like different colours: White, Pink, Brown, Yellow, Orange, Green, Red and Black. More than five persons attend the lecture between Piyush and the one who likes Black. 

Wajahat attends the seminar before the one who likes Green. As many persons attend the lecture after Aradhana is same as many persons attend the lecture before the one who likes Orange. Qureshi does not attend the lecture immediately before or after Aradhana. Qureshi does not like Orange. As many persons attend the lecture after the one who likes Green is same as the number of people attending the lecture before Wajahat. Aradhana attends the lecture immediately before the one who likes Black. Wajahat does not like Orange. 

Only one person attends the lecture between Trisha and the one who likes Yellow. Vandana attends the lecture immediately before the one who likes Yellow. The one who likes Yellow attends the lecture before the one who likes Red. Two persons attend the lecture Qureshi and the one who likes Pink. Only one person attends the lecture between Rekha and the one who likes White. Qureshi does not like White.

Solution: Based on the data given above, the solution is as follows:

January Piyush Brown
March Vandana Orange
April Qureshi Yellow
June Wajahat White
August Trisha Green
September Rekha Pink
October Aradhana Red
November Sunil Black

Example 2:

Question: Eight persons Adrika, Barkha, Charu, Dhara, Elina, Fatima, Garima and Harshita live in an eight floored building. The lowermost floor is numbered 1 and the topmost floor is numbered 8. Their heights are different i.e., 164cm, 167cm, 169cm, 172cm, 174cm, 177cm, 179cm and 182cm, but not necessarily in the same Order. 

The persons who live on the topmost floor and the lowermost floor, have the maximum height difference. Only one person lives between Dhara and the one who is the shortest. One person lives between Dhara and the one whose height is 179cm. Garima’s height is 177cm and lives just above Elina. 

One person lives between Elina and Adrika and Elina lives above Adrika. Not more than two persons are shorter than Elina and Elina’s height is not 167cm. One person lives between Fatima and the one whose height is 169cm. One person lives between Dhara and Charu. Charu’s height is not 179cm. Not more than two persons are taller than Barkha. Dhara is taller than Adrika but shorter than Harshita.

Solution:

8th Floor Fatima 182 cm
7th Floor Garima 177 cm
6th Floor Elina 169 cm
5th Floor Barkha 179 cm
4th Floor Adrika 167 cm
3rd Floor Dhara 172 cm
2nd Floor Harshita 174 cm
1st Floor Charu 164 cm

Aspirants preparing for the upcoming Government exams can refer to the set of links mentioned below to ace the other subjects which are a part of the upcoming recruitment:

Example 3:

Question: Eight friends-Sakshi, Twinkle, Unnati, Varun, Wasim, Xavi, Yusuf and Zain will have to take leave in different months in the same year, March, April, May and June. Each will take the leave on two different dates either 14th or 19th of the given months. Each of them wishes to visit different Indian States, viz. Uttrakhand, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Rajastha, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh, but not necessarily in the same order. Varun will take leave on one of the days before Zain. 

Only three persons will take leave between the one who wants to visit Uttar Pradesh and Xavi. Only two persons will take leave between Twinkle and the one who wishes to visit Rajasthan. The number of persons will take leave before the one who wants to go to Tamil Nadu is the same number of persons who will take leave after the one who likes Madhya Pradesh. Sakshi will take leave on one of the days before Wasim. Only two persons will take leave between the one who likes Rajasthan and the one who likes Tamil Nadu. Neither Varun nor Zain will take leave on 19th of the given month. 

Only two persons will take leave before the one who wants to visit Uttar Pradesh. The one who likes Uttrakhand will take leave immediately after Zain. The number of people will take leave between Varun and Zain is as the same number of people who will take leave between the one who wants to visit Tamil Nadu and the one who is planning to go to Maharashtra.Only two persons will take leave between the one who likes Madhya Pradesh and Yusuf. Wasim does not takes a leave in June. The number of person who will take a leave after Xavi is as the same number of the person will take a leave before Twinkle. Only three persons will take a leave between the one who wants to visit Uttarakhand and the one who wants to visit West Bengal.

Solution:

March 14 Varun Madhya Pradesh
March 19 Twinkle West Bengal
April 14 Sakshi Uttar Pradesh
April 19 Yusuf Maharashtra
May 14 Zain Rajasthan
May 19 Wasim Uttarakhand
June 14 Xavi Karnataka
June 19 Unnati Tamil Nadu

Example 4:

Question: Seven friends, namely Lakshmi, Minal, Neha, Oman, Pankaj, Falguni and Rashmi, use different brands of mobile phones, namely Intex, Oppo, Nokia, Apple, Samsung, One Plus and Moto, but not necessarily in the same order. Each phone cover is of different colour, namely Red, Blue, White, Brown, Black, Grey and Yellow but not necessarily in the same order.

The colour of Falguni’s phone is Red and she has neither a Nokia nor Apple phone. The Intex phone is of Blue colour. Lakshmi has an Oppo phone and the colour of her phone is neither Brown nor Black. The Moto phone is of Yellow colour. The colour of Minal’s phone is Grey. Minal does not have an Apple phone. Apple phone is not of black colour. Oman has Samsung phone. The colour of Rashmi’s phone is not Blue. Rashmi does not have an Apple phone. Pankaj does not have an Apple phone.

Solution: 

Lakshmi White Oppo
Minal Gey Nokia
Neha Brown Apple
Oman Black Samsung
Pankaj Blue Intex
Falguni Red One Plus
Rashmi Yellow Moto

The questions given above have been given for your help and assistance. Candidates must start their preparation for the upcoming Government exams and to solve more questions based on the reasoning ability section, candidates can solve the Previous Year question papers.

For any further information related to the upcoming Government and the latest notifications, candidates can turn to BYJU’S.

Aspirants can also check the syllabus for the various Government exams in the articles given below:

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