Important Computer Abbreviations for Government Exams

Computer Abbreviation is one of the most frequently asked topics in the Computer Awareness section for various Government exams. Aspirants preparing for the upcoming competitive exam must go through the important computer abbreviations list given below. 

In this article, we bring to you the list of important computer abbreviations along with a few sample questions which may be asked with respect to this topic. 

Keen on learning more about the functioning and applications of a Computer?

Upgrade your Computer Knowledge for the upcoming competitive exams with the help of the following links:

List of Computer Abbreviations PDF:-Download PDF Here

Computer Awareness is one such subject which is asked in almost all major competitive exams conducted in the country. Bank, Insurance, SSC, RRB, etc. comprise a separate section for Computer Knowledge. While in a few, questions from this subject are asked as General Knowledge. In UPSC, computer-related questions form the part of the Science and Technology section.

Thus, having complete knowledge of the various applications, software, terminologies, abbreviations, etc. related to computers can be of great help for candidates.

Given below are a few more computer-based concepts which can be helpful for competitive exam aspirants and for learners:

Input and Output Devices Computer Virus
Web Browsers Storage Devices
Important Computer-related Terms OSI Model – Open Systems Interconnection

List of Computer Abbreviations & Acronyms

Given below is the list of computer abbreviations to prepare for the Government exams 2023:

Computer Abbreviations List
S. No. Computer Abbreviation Full Form
1 AAC Advanced Audio Coding
2 ABR Average Bit Rate
3 ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
4 AGP Advanced Graphics Port
5 AI Artificial Intelligence
6 AIM AOL Instant Messenger
7 ALGOL Algorithmic Language
8 ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit
9 AOL America Online
10 AMD Advanced Micro Devices
11 API Application Program Interface
12 APT Automatically Programmed Tooling
13 ARP Address Resolution Protocol
14 ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
15 ARQ Automatic Repeat Request
16 AS Autonomous System
17 ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
18 ASP Active Server Pages
19 ASPI Advanced SCSI Programming Interface 
20 ATA Advanced Technology Attachment 
21 ATDT Attention Dial Tone 
22 AUI Attachment Unit Interface
23 AUTOEXEC Autoexec Automatic Execution file 
24 AVI Audio Video Interleave
25 BASIC Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
26 BCC Blind Carbon Copy
27 BCD Binary Coded Decimal
28 BCR Bar Code Reader
29 BDSL Broadband DSL
30 BEDO Burst Extended Data Out (RAM)
31 BGP Border Gateway Protocol
32 BHTML Broadcast Hyper Text Markup Language
33 BIOS Basic Input Output System
34 BIPS Billion Instruction Per Second
35 BIU Bus Interface Unit
36 BMP Bitmap
37 BRD Blu-Ray Disc
38 CC Carbon Copy
39 CD Compact Disk
40 CD-R Compact Disk – Recordable
41 CDROM Compact Disk Read Only Memory
42 CDRW Compact Disk Rewritable
43 CD-WO Compact Disk – Write Once
44 CD-XA Compact Disk – Extended Architecture
45 CGI-BIN Common Gateway Interface – Binary (programming for Web forms)
46 CIS CompuServe Information Service
47 CISC Complex Instructions Set Computers
48 CMD Command
49 CMYK Cyan-Magenta-Yellow-Black (color model)
50 CNM Circulatory Network Mode
51 COAX Coaxial Cable (for Ethernet and similar networks)
52 COBOL Common Business Oriented Language
53 COMPUTER Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Trade/Technology, Education, and Research.
54 CPI Clock / Cycle Per Instruction
55 CPU Central Processing Unit
56 CROM Computerized Range of Motion
57 CRT Cathode Ray Tube( standard type computer monitor display
58 CSLIP Compressed Serial Line Interface Protocol (Internet)
59 CSS Cascading Style Sheets
60 CTRL Control (computer keyboard key)
61 CUI Character User Interface
62 DAC Data Acquisition and Control 
63 DAT Digital Audio Tape
64 dB Decibel
65 DBMS Data Base Management System
66 DDL Data Definition Language
67 DHTML Dynamics Hyper Text Markup Language
68 DML Data Manipulation Language
69 DNS Domain Name System
70 DOC Data Optimizing Computer
71 Doc Document
72 DOS Disk Operating System
73 DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
74 DVD Digital Video/Versatile Disc
75 DVDR Digital Versatile Disk Recordable
76 DVDRW Digital Versatile Disk Rewritable
77 DCE Data Communications Equipment
78 DVI Digital Visual Interface
79 DVR Digital Video Recorder
80 E-Commerce Electronic Commerce
81 EDC Electronic Digital Computer
82 EDI Electronic Data Interchange
83 EDP Electronic Data Processing
84 EEPROM Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
85 EFS Encrypted File System
86 EIDE Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics 
87 E-Mail Electronic Mail
88 EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
89 EROM Erasable Read Only Memory
90 FDD Floppy Disk Drive
91 GB Giga Byte
92 GDI Graphical Device Interface
93 GUI Graphical User Interface
94 HD Hard Disk
95 HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
96 HTTP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
97 I/O Input/Output (serial and parallel ports)
98 IC Integrated Circuit
99 IMAP Internet Message Access Protocol
100 INTEL Integrated Electronics
101 IOP Input Output Processor
102 IP Internet Protocol
103 ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network 
104 ISP Internet Service Provider
105 IVR Interactive Voice Response
107 Kbps Kilobits/Kilobytes Per Second
108 LAN Local Area Network
109 LED Light Emitting Diode
110 LLL Low Level Language
111 LPT Line Printer
112 MAC Media Access Control
113 MAN Metropolitan Area Network
114 MB Motherboard/ Megabyte
115 MBASIC Microsoft BASIC (Microsoft)
116 MBPS Megabytes Per Second
117 Mbps Megabits Per Second
118 MICR Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
119 MMX Multimedia Extensions 
120 MODEM Modulator Demodulator
121 MSCDEX Microsoft Compact Disc Extension
122 MS-DOS Microsoft – Disk Operating System
123 NAT Network Address Translation
124 NTP Network Time Protocol
125 OCR Optical Character Reader 
126 OMR Optical Mark Reader
127 OOP Object Oriented Programming
128 OS Operating System
129 P2P Point to Point Protocol
130 PAN Personal Area Network
131 PC Personal Computer
132 PCB Printer Circuit Board
133 PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect
134 PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
135 PIXEL Picture Element
136 PNG Portable Network Graphics
137 PPP Point to Point Protocol
138 PRN Printer
139 PROM Programmable Read Only Memory
140 RAM Random Access Memory
141 RARP Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
142 RDBMS Relational Data Base Management System
143 RIP Routing Information Protocol
144 RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
145 ROM Read Only Memory
146 SAM Software Asset Management
147 SAN Storage Area Network
148 SCSI Small Computer System Interface 
149 SDRAM Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
150 SFTP Secure File Transfer Protocol
151 SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language
152 SGRAM Synchronous Graphics RAM
153 SIP Session Initiation Protocol
154 SIU Serial Interface Unit
155 SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
156 SNAP Sub Network Access Protocol
157 SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
158 SRAM Static Random Access Memory
159 SYSOP System Operator
160 TCP Transmission Control Protocol
161 UI User Interface
162 URL Uniform Resource Locator
163 USB Universal Serial Bus
164 VCD Video Compact Disk
165 VDU Visual Display Unit
166 VIRUS Vital Information Resource Under Siege
167 VRAM Video Random Access Memory
169 VxD Virtual Extended Driver 
170 WAN Wide Area Network
171 WAP Wireless Application Protocol
172 WBMP Wireless Bitmap Image
173 WIFI Wireless fidelity
174 WLAN Wireless Local Area Network
175 WML Wireless Markup Language
176 WWW World Wide Web
178 XGA Extended Graphics Array 
179 XHTML Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language
180 XMF Extensible Music File
181 XML Extensible Markup Language
182 XMS Extended Memory Specification
183 FORTRAN Formula Translation

Candidates can also refer to the below-mentioned links to prepare for the Computer Awareness section:

TCP/IP Model High-Level Computer Language
Basics of Cloud Computing List of Banking Abbreviations

List of Computer Abbreviations PDF:-Download PDF Here

Online Quiz 2023

Sample Questions Related To Computer Abbreviations

For the reference of candidates, given below are the sample questions based on computer abbreviations.

Q 1. What does “U” stand for in “URL”?

  1. Uniform
  2. United
  3. Unicode
  4. Universal
  5. Unit

Answer: (1) Uniform

Q 2. What does COBOL stand for?

  1. Common Business Organised Language
  2. Common Business Oriented Language
  3. Code for Business Oriented Langauge
  4. Code of Business Organised Language
  5. Computer Basic Language

Answer: (2) Common Business Oriented Language

Q 3. What is the full form of WiFi?

  1. Wireless Fidelity
  2. Wireless Internet Federation
  3. Wireless Internet
  4. Wireless Internet Facility
  5. None of the Above

Answer: (1) Wireless Fidelity

Q 4. What does “L” stand for in “XML”?

  1. Link
  2. Language
  3. Loading
  4. Linux
  5. Laser

Answer: (2) Language

Q 5. What does PNG stand for?

  1. Portable Graphics
  2. Processed Network Graphics
  3. Personal Network Graphics
  4. Picture Network Graphic
  5. None of the Above

Answer: (3) Personal Network Graphics

Aspirants must know all the terms and abbreviations related to computer as questions may be framed from this topic. With the advancement in the field of technology, candidates must stay updated with the latest computer abbreviations and acronyms as questions based on them may be asked in the final exam.

Apart from computer abbreviations, there are various other concepts that candidates can learn about. Refer to the following links for the same:

Hardware and Software Computer Shortcut Keys
Difference Between Search Engine and Web Browser Difference Between Virus and Malware
Difference Between TCP/IP and OSI Model Difference Between WWW and Internet

For those who are looking for tips to start off with their preparation, they can visit the Preparation Strategy for Competitive Exams page and get the best ways to sort a study plan.

For any further information regarding the Government exams and study material and preparation tips, candidates can turn to BYJU’S.


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