List of High-Level Computer Languages

In this article, we shall check some high-level Computer Languages for Bank Exams.

Questions related to the various High-level languages have been asked in the past in the bank exams and is one of the most important topics from the examination point of view.

There are three major posts for which the bank exams are conducted. This includes:

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In today’s world, everything is computerised; the banking sector is also getting computerized because it makes the work easier and faster to deliver.

To store a huge database the bank needs storage devices of huge memory and to maintain these storage devices they need people who are good at handling these types of equipment, people who are good at DBMS (Database Management System).

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To make the working paper-free, fast and efficient, the bank will need application software and to maintain them; they will also need IT professionals who are good at programming.

A program written in any of these languages in one particular computer can easily be used on another computer.

To know more about Important Terms Of Computer Awareness For Bank Exams, check at the linked article.

List of High Level Computer Languages:-Download PDF Here

Check out the other important Computer Awareness topics given in the table below and excel in the upcoming SBI, IBPS, RBI and bank exams:

Computer Hardware and Software Questions Computer Networks
Types of Computer Fundamentals of Computer
Cloud Computing for IBPS PO & SBI PO Exam 10 Important Computer Awareness Terms

Important High-Level Computer Languages for Bank Exam Preparation

C Language

C is a general-purpose computer programming language. It was created in the 1970s by Dennis Ritchie, and remains very widely used and influential. By design, C’s features cleanly reflect the capabilities of the targeted CPUs. It has found lasting use in operating systems, device drivers, protocol stacks, though decreasingly for application software

  • It was designed by Dennis Ritchie.
  • Developed by Dennis Ritchie and Bell Labs.
  • File extension is .c Example” HelloWorld.c”.
  • The extension of C++ is from C language.
  • C is not an Object-Oriented Language.
  • It is used to write System Software, Application Software.
  • UNIX was written in C language.


JavaScript, often abbreviated JS, is a programming language that is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web, alongside HTML and CSS. As of 2022, 98% of websites use JavaScript on the client side for webpage behavior, often incorporating third-party libraries. All major web browsers have a dedicated JavaScript engine to execute the code on users’ devices.

  • Java was developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems.
  • File extension .java Example (
  • After Oracle bought Sun, Oracle became the owner of Java (JVM and JDK).
  • Android applications can be developed using Java.
  • It is an Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) Language.
  • Java is not platform dependent.


SQL is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system, or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system.

  • SQL stands for ”Structured Query Language”.
  • Developed by IBM.
  • SQL became a standard of (ANSI) American National Standards Institute in 1986.
  • Used for database related work.


HTML is the standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser. It can be assisted by technologies such as Cascading Style Sheets and scripting languages such as JavaScript.

  • HTML stands for “Hypertext Markup Language”.
  • Developed by W3C & WHATWG.
  • File extension .htm and .html  Example (HelloWorld.html or HelloWorld.htm).
  • Used to make websites.
  • HTML is a scripting language.

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Visual Basic

The original Visual Basic is a third-generation event-driven programming language from Microsoft known for its Component Object Model programming model first released in 1991 and declared legacy during 2008. Microsoft intended Visual Basic to be relatively easy to learn and use.

  • Designed and developed by Microsoft.
  • It is a multi-paradigm, object-oriented programming language.
  • File extension is .vb Example (hello.vb).
  • IDE (Integrated Development Environment) is Visual Studio.


Fortran is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

Fortran was originally developed by IBM in the 1950s for scientific and engineering applications, and subsequently came to dominate scientific computing. It has been in use for over six decades in computationally intensive areas such as numerical weather prediction, finite element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, geophysics, computational physics, crystallography and computational chemistry. It is a popular language for high-performance computing and is used for programs that benchmark and rank the world’s fastest supercomputers

  • Stands for “Formula Translation”.
  • Designed by John Backus.
  • Developed by John Backus and IBM.
  • File extensions are .f,  .fo, .f90, .f95, .f03, .f08, .f15.
  • Used for engineering calculation, mathematical operations.
  • FORTRAN is a general-purpose imperative programming language.


ALGOL is a family of imperative computer programming languages originally developed in 1958. ALGOL heavily influenced many other languages and was the standard method for algorithm description used by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) in textbooks and academic sources for more than thirty years.

In the sense that the syntax of most modern languages is “Algol-like”,it was arguably more influential than three other high-level programming languages among which it was roughly contemporary

  • It stands for Algorithm Languages.
  • Developed in 1958.
  • There were three major specialisations of ALGOL: ALGOL 58, ALGOL 60 and ALGOL 68.
  • It was designed especially for Scientific implementations.
  • Inspiration for various other High-Level Computer Languages was taken from ALGOL.


Python is a high-level, interpreted, general-purpose programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability with the use of significant indentation. Python is dynamically-typed and garbage-collected

  • It is an interpreted, high-level programming language.
  • Released in 1991.
  • It supports structured, object-oriented and functional programming.
  • It used block coding.

Get more help by solving mock tests, practise papers and sample papers as they will help the candidate analyse how much more preparation is needed and which part of the syllabus needs to be improved. Refer to the links below to prepare for the other sections of the banking sector exams:

Bank PO Question Papers with Solutions Quantitative Aptitude
Logical Reasoning Verbal Ability
Banking Awareness Logical Reasoning Questions and Solutions


COBOL is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use. It is an imperative, procedural and, since 2002, object-oriented language. COBOL is primarily used in business, finance, and administrative systems for companies and governments

  • Stands for “Common Business Oriented Language”
  • Designed by Howard Bromberg, Howard Discount, Vernon Reeves, Jean E. Sammet, William Selden, Gertrude Tierney.
  • Developed by CODASYL, ANSI, ISO.
  • File extensions are .cbl, .cob, .cpy.
  • It is still widely used in legacy applications deployed on mainframe computers.


C# is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language. C# encompasses static typing, strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented, and component-oriented programming disciplines.

  • Pronounced as See sharp.
  • Designed and developed by Microsoft.
  • File extension .cs.
  • Windows mobile application is developed using C#.

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Lisp is a family of programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized prefix notation. Originally specified in 1958, Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming language still

  • Stands for “List Processing”.
  • Designed by McCarthy.
  • Developed by Steve Russell, Timothy P. Hart, and Mike Levin.
  • Used in AI (Artificial Intelligence).
  • It is also suitable for I/O handling and graphics.


SNOBOL is a series of programming languages developed between 1962 and 1967 at AT&T Bell Laboratories by David J. Farber, Ralph E. Griswold and Ivan P. Polonsky, culminating in SNOBOL4. It was one of a number of text-string-oriented languages developed during the 1950s and 1960s; others included COMIT and TRAC.

  • Stands for “String Oriented Symbolic Language”.
  • Developed by David J. Farber, Ralph E. Griswold, Ivan P. Polonsky and Bell Labs.
  • Designed by David J. Farber, Ralph E. Griswold, and Ivan P.Polonsky.
  • It is a text-oriented language.

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Prolog is a logic programming language associated with artificial intelligence and computational linguistics.

Prolog has its roots in first-order logic, a formal logic, and unlike many other programming languages, Prolog is intended primarily as a declarative programming language: the program logic is expressed in terms of relations, represented as facts and rules. A computation is initiated by running a query over these relations.

  • Stands for “Programming Logic”.
  • Designed by Alain Colmerauer.
  • File extension .pl, .pro, .P.
  • This language is used for “Artificial Language”.
  • Capable of handling a large number of databases.


BASIC is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages designed for ease of use. The original version was created by John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz at Dartmouth College in 1964. They wanted to enable students in non-scientific fields to use computers

  • Stands for “Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code”.
  • Designed by John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz.
  • Used for scientific and engineering operations.

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C++ (/ˌsiːˌplʌsˈplʌs/) is a general-purpose programming language created by Danish computer scientist Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C programming language, or “C with Classes”. The language has expanded significantly over time, and modern C++ now has object-oriented, generic, and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation.

  • Designed by Bjarne Stroustrup.
  • File extensions .cc, .cpp, .cxx, .C, .c++, .h, .hh, .hpp, .hxx, .h++ example (Hello.cpp).
  • C++ is an Object-Oriented Programming Language.
  • C# and Java were influenced by C++.

Candidates must carefully go through the important points under each High-level language discussed above as questions based on the same are more likely to be asked in the upcoming Bank and other Government exams.

List of High Level Computer Languages:-Download PDF Here

Also, candidates can check the detailed Strategy to Prepare for Competitive Exams in the linked article.

To learn more about Bank Exams related topics, you can check out BYJU’S website and stay updated with the latest content.

Frequently Asked Questions on High-Level Computer Languages


Q 1. Why computer programs are written in high-level programming languages?

Ans. Programs are generally written in high-level computer language because it is easy for the programmer to write the code rather than understanding its programming. HLL is also easier than a machine code to apprehend.

Q 2. Which was the first high-level language developed for computer programming?

Ans. FORTRAN is said to be one of the first high-level languages to have been developed and then widely used for computer programming.

Q 3. Which are the most commonly used programming languages?

Ans. The common programming languages include:

  • C++
  • Java
  • C

Q 4. What is the difference between the high-level language and low-level language?

Ans. A high-level language is more understandable and human-friendly. They are a combination of symbols, mathematical elements, and characters. On the other hand, low-level languages are machine-dependent and difficult to understand.

Q 5. What language can a computer understand?

Ans. The computer understands machine language or the binary language of O and 1.


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