The SSC GD Syllabus is set by the Staff Selection Commission.
The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts an annual open examination for the recruitment of Constable (General Duty) in Border Security Force (BSF), Secretariat Security Force (SSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Rifleman (General Duty) in Assam Rifles.
In this article, we will take you through the latest SSC GD Syllabus and exam pattern of the SSC GD Exam.
The salient features of the SSC GD Exam are listed below:
The SSC Constable GD recruitment comprises of four stages –
- Computer-Based Examination (CBE)
- Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
- Physical Standard Test (PST)
- Detailed Medical Examination (DME)
- There is no negative marking for any incorrect answer in the SSC GD online test.
- Applications for the exam are usually accepted through online mode only from the candidates across India.
SSC GD Exam Pattern
The candidates must have prior knowledge of both the SSC GD Exam pattern and the SSC GD Syllabus to crack the exam with flying colours. Candidates must go through them both with a fine-tooth comb to have a better understanding of the SSC GD Exam.
The exam pattern of SSC GD Exam comprises of four stages:
- Compute-Based Examination (CBE)
- Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
- Physical Standard Test (PST)
- Detailed Medical Examination (DME)
Here’s a detailed look into each of the stages of the SSC GD Exam pattern:
Computer-Based Examination (CBE): This is an online test comprising of objective-type questions which are explained at length below under the syllabus section of the article. As per the SSC GD Exam Pattern, It is further divided into four parts:
- General Intelligence and Reasoning
- General Knowledge and General Awareness
- Elementary Mathematics
- English/ Hindi
Physical Efficiency Test (PET): Once candidates clear the CBE, they would be shortlisted to take the PET/ PST organised by the Commission. During PET/ PST, candidates who are found eligible on the basis of height parameters are permitted to undergo PET (race) which is followed by biometric/ technology-aided identification test. The scrutiny of candidates’ eligibility for any relaxation in terms of age, height and chest measurement is done only after they qualify the PET (race) before PST conducted by CAPFs PET/ PST Boards.
Physical Efficiency Test (PET): The criteria to be followed for this test –
- For Male candidates: Race 5 Kms in 24 minutes
- For Female candidates: 1.6 Kms in 8 ½ minutes
For Race test, the candidates of Ladakh Region need to follow the below criteria –
- Male: Race 1 Mile in 6 ½ minutes
- Female: 800 metres in 4 minutes
- Pregnant women are disqualified from taking this test.
- Ex-Servicemen candidates shortlisted in the CBE need to appear in PET/PST stage for recording measurement of chest, height and weight only. They are exempted from taking the PET. However, they need to qualify for the Detailed Medical Examination (DME).
Physical Standard Test (PST): In this test, the physical standards of the candidates are being tested on the basis of three factors:
|SSC GD Physical Test|
|Physical Standard||Category||Male (in cms)||Female|
|Height||General, SC & OBC||170||157|
|Chest||General, SC & OBC||80/5||–|
|Weight||–||Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards||Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards|
Detailed Medical Examination (DME): Candidates who qualify the PET/ PST are shortlisted for the DME. The selected candidates are medically examined by the Medical Boards constituted by the CAPFs to assess their physical and medical fitness on the basis of the following points:
- Medical Fitness
The criteria set by the SSC authority in for vision test is given in the table below:
To get more information about the exam pattern of other SSC Exams, visit the SSC Exam Pattern page.
The SSC GD Exam 2020 notification is yet to be released. Candidates meanwhile can go through the highlights of the last recruitment conducted for GD constable to get a detailed understanding of the SSC GD Exam:
|SSC GD Exam 2018 -2019 Highlights|
|Name of Examination||SSC GD 2018-19|
|Name of Tests||
|SSC GD 2018-19 Exam Date||Online Exam – 11th Feb to 11th March 2019|
|Duration of Online Exam||90 minutes|
|Exam Language (Online Exam)||
|Maximum Marks (Online Exam)||100 marks|
|Type of Exam||
|Type of Questions (Online Exam)||All questions of CBE will be of Objective type (MCQs)|
To know more about the SSC GD salary, check the linked article.
SSC GD Syllabus 2020
The SSC GD Syllabus comprises of a Computer Based Examination which includes an objective-type paper carrying 100 marks for 100 questions.
The SSC GD Syllabus is given below:
|SSC GD Syllabus|
|Segregation||Section Name||Total No. of Questions||Max. Marks||Duration|
|Part A||General Intelligence and Reasoning||25||25||1.5 hours (Cumulative)|
|Part B||General Knowledge and General Awareness||25||25|
|Part C||Elementary Mathematics||25||25|
|Part D||English/ Hindi||25||25|
All the Objective-type questions mainly comprise of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). The Computer Based Examination (CBE) is conducted in two languages – English and Hindi only.
To know more about other SSC Exams, visit the linked article.
The SSC GD Syllabus for the Computer Based Examination includes the following:
General Intelligence & Reasoning: This General Intelligence syllabus section mainly consists of both verbal and non-verbal types of reasoning questions. This test particularly includes questions that test the candidate’s analytical and logical reasoning skills and his/ her ability to observe and distinguish patterns through questions principally of non-verbal type.
The list of topics under the General Intelligence & Reasoning syllabus are listed below:
- Reasoning Analogies
- Arithmetic Number Series
- Arithmetical Reasoning
- Figural Classification
- Non-verbal Series
- Relationship Concepts – Blood Relations
- Similarities and Differences
- Spatial Orientation
- Spatial Visualization
- Visual Memory
Candidates can check important topics for Reasoning section:
Candidates can check the Logical Reasoning page for more topics and prepare well for the reasoning section.
General Knowledge and General Awareness: The questions in this section aim at evaluating the candidate’s general awareness about day-to-day affairs and current affairs. These questions do not require the candidate to have special knowledge of any particular discipline. The questions in this component revolve around matters of everyday observations and test the candidate’s knowledge of the environment around him/ her and topics related to India and its neighbouring countries such as:
- Economic Scene
- General Polity
- Indian Constitution
- Scientific Research
Given below are a few important general awareness topics:
|List of Famous Books And Authors||Inventions & Discoveries|
|Countries, Capital and Currencies||Tennis Grand Slam Winners|
|List of countries and Their National Games||List of Arjuna Award Winners|
Candidates can check the following links for important general awareness topics that might be asked in the general awareness section of the exam.
Elementary Mathematics: This section primarily assesses the candidate’s knowledge of high-school level mathematical problems. According to the SSC GD Syllabus, the following topics are:
- Computation of Whole Numbers
- Decimals and Fractions
- Fundamental Arithmetical Operations
- Number Systems
- Profit and Loss
- Ratio and Proportion
- Ratio and Time
- Relationship between Numbers
- Time and Distance
- Time and Work
The List of important topics covered in the Quantitative Aptitude syllabus can be found in the linked page. Candidates can check the link for assistance.
Given below are a few important links that can help candidates prepare for different sections and attempt questions in the SSC GD exam with relative ease:
- Maths Tricks and Shortcuts
- Sentence Correction Questions
- Tips to master error spotting
- Idioms and Phrases Question and Answers
Check 3 sutras to prepare for reasoning ability for SSC JE as it is an important and major part of the syllabus.
For comprehensive preparation of the vast Syllabus of SSC GD Constable Exam, Candidates are advised to take Free SSC GD Mock Tests online.
The Question weightage that each topic in the SSC GD Constable Syllabus carries is as mentioned below:
|Topic Weightage in SSC GD Syllabus 2020|
|General Knowledge and General Awareness||Current Affairs
|English/ Hindi||Error Spotting
Phrase and idioms meaning
|General Intelligence and Reasoning||Analogy
Direction & Distances
Cloak & calendar
Alphabet or word test
Non- verbal reasoning
|Quantitative Aptitude||Mixture Problems
Profit and Loss
Time and work
Speed, Time and Distance
Check the given links to prepare for SSC GD English Syllabus:
More important topics on the English Language can be found on the General English For Competitive Exams page that gives details on the concepts, rules and lists of various topics under this section.
Candidates can also check the Difference Between Articles in the given link to get familiarise with conceptual differences on various topics, subjects and terms.
English/Hindi: The questions in this component tests the candidates’ ability to understand and analyse basic English/Hindi and the comprehension skills in the language are being tested.
It is imperative to note that the questions in all the above sections would be of Matriculation level.
To know more about the SSC GD Notification, click at the linked article.
|Bank Exams||IAS Exam|
|Government Schemes||Government Exams after 12th|
|SSC Exam Pattern||SSC GD Admit Card|
SSC GD Books
It is advisable for candidates to refer books which will help in enhancing their knowledge and improve their skills in different sections of the SSC Constable GD exam.
Given below are the list of books that the candidates can refer during their preparation:
|SSC Constable GD Exam Book List|
|Section Name||Book Name||Author Name|
|General Intelligence and Reasoning Section||A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning||R.S. Aggarwal|
|General Intelligence and Test of Reasoning||Vikas Experts|
|General Awareness and GK Section||General Knowledge 2018: Latest Current Affairs & Who’s Who||RPH Editorial Board|
|Manorama Yearbook 2018||Manorama|
|Elementary Mathematics||Popular Arithmetic Multiple-Choice Questions||RPH Editorial Board|
|Maths For SSC Constable Exam||Ram Singh Yadav, Yajvender Yadav|
|English Language||Objective General English||R.S. Aggarwal|
|English Grammar Book||Wren and Martin|
|Hindi Language||Adhunik Hindi Vyakaran aur Rachna (Hindi)||Dr Vashudevnandan Prasad|
|General Hindi and Concise Grammar – An Indispensable Guide for all Competitive Exams||Dr Brij Kishore Prasad Singh|
Find out everything about other upcoming Government Exams, by visiting the linked article.
SSC Constable GD Preparation Tips
Aspirants should start their preparation at an early stage so that they can easily clear the different phases of the exam. It is imperative to have a concrete study plan in place to crack all the phases of SSC GD Constable Exam. This achieved by understanding in detail the SSC GD Syllabus and Exam Pattern. A good study plan should have a proper strategy and a comprehensive time table to cover all the sections of the exam effectively.
Candidates should remember that they can excel in a section only if they practice on a regular basis and develop a sound understanding of General Knowledge and Current Affairs topics by reading newspapers, journals, etc. To boost your General awareness preparation for the SSC GD exam please check the page of various Static GK topics.
It is also recommended for aspirants to practice SSC GD previous years’ papers to get a feel of the real test and understand the weightage of questions among the different sections. For the SSC GD Constable position, applicants should also be physically and medically fit to take the Physical Efficiency Test (PET) and Physical Standard Test (PST) conducted by the Commission.
Candidates can visit the SSC Mock Test page to get the free mock tests for various SSC exams.
Are you looking for some guidance to prepare for the SSC Constable GD exam? You can go through BYJU’S study materials to expedite your preparation process. Watch out this space for more such useful content on SSC exams.