SSC GD Constable Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2023: Detailed Written, Physical And Medical Test Syllabus

SSC GD SyllabusSSC conducts an annual open examination for the recruitment of Constable (General Duty) in Border Security Force (BSF), Secretariat Security Force (SSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Rifleman (General Duty) in Assam Rifles.

The Commission has published the SSC GD Constable Notification 2022 in order to fill 45284 constable positions for both men and women. According to the commission’s notification, the SSC GD CBE exam will be held from January 10 to February 14, 2023. The Staff Selection Commission has released the exam calendar 2022. SSC GD Constable Notification 2022 was released by the Commission on 27th October 2022 to recruit for posts of constables for both males and females. The online registration process was active till 30th November 2022. 

The SSC GD Exam pattern and syllabus are also set by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC). To ace the GD exam it is essential for candidates to have a proper understanding of the latest SSC GD Constable Syllabus and exam pattern along with a strategised approach for exam preparation.

By looking at the openings (about 25000 each year) in the relevant departments, both male and female candidates can apply for the exam. The first Tier/Phase of the SSC GD syllabus 2023 is an online test. There are three phases in total. In this article, we will take you through the updated SSC GD syllabus 2023 and the exam pattern of the SSC General Duty Constable Exam.

Also, check how to start SSC Exam Preparation?

Aspirants willing to work in the security forces of the nations can check relevant details on the following examinations-


SSC GD Syllabus 2023 PDF:- Download PDF Here

SSC GD Constable Syllabus 2023: Overview

Before going to the details of the SSC GD Syllabus, go through the highlights of the syllabus and exam pattern for SSC GD recruitment as given below:

SSC GD Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2023: Overview
Conducting Organisation Staff Selection Commission
Name of Posts General Duty Constable 
Selection Process
  1. Computer-Based Examination (CBE)
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  3. Physical Standard Test (PST)
  4. Detailed Medical Examination (DME)
Mode of the Exam
  • CBE: Online Test
  • PET, PST & DME:  Offline Physical Test
Medium of Online Exam English and Hindi
Maximum Marks  100 marks
Duration of Online Exam 90 minutes 
Type of Questions Objective type (MCQs)
Marking Scheme 1 mark for each correct answer
Negative Marking 0.25 negative marking for wrong answers

Related Links: 

SSC Exam Pattern SSC GD Admit Card
SSC GD Cut Off SSC Cut Off
SSC GD Books SSC GD Result

Government Exam 2023

SSC GD Constable Exam Pattern

The Candidates who want to take the SSC GD Exam must have proper knowledge of the recruitment process. To pass the exam with flying colours, candidates must be familiar with both the SSC GD exam pattern and the SSC GD syllabus. The SSC GD Constable recruitment comprises four stages –

  1. Compute-Based Examination (CBE)
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  3. Physical Standard Test (PST)
  4. Detailed Medical Examination (DME)

It is to be noted that:

  • Applications for the exam are usually accepted through online mode only from candidates across India.
  • English and Hindi are the only two languages used for the Computer Based Examination (CBE).
  • Four sections make up the exam, which has a total of 100 questions.
  • There is no negative marking for any incorrect answer in the online test of the General Duty exam.
  • For each incorrect response in the SSC GD online test, 0.25 of the score will be deducted.
  • The SSC GD Constable Tier I exam has a 90-minute time limit.
  • The level of the questions on the online test will be high school (10th).

To get information about other SSC Exams, visit the linked page.

Here’s a detailed look into each of the stages of the SSC GD exam pattern:

Computer-Based Examination (CBE): This is an online test comprising objective-type questions which are explained at length below under the syllabus section of the article. As per the SSC GD Exam Pattern, it comprises four sections:

  • General Intelligence and Reasoning
  • General Knowledge and General Awareness
  • Elementary Mathematics
  • English/ Hindi

The exam pattern of the SSC GD is given below:

SSC GD Constable Exam 2023: Exam Pattern
Segregation Section Name Total No. of Questions Max. Marks Duration
Part A General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 25 1.5 hours (Cumulative)
Part B General Knowledge and General Awareness 25 25
Part C Elementary Mathematics 25 25
Part D English/ Hindi 25 25
Total 100 100

All the Objective-type questions mainly comprise Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). The Computer Based Examination (CBE) is conducted in two languages – English and Hindi only.

All the aspirants must note that the minimum cut-off score for the computer-based exam has been predetermined by SSC.

Further information on the SSC GD Online Application process is given in detail in the linked page.

Physical Efficiency Test (PET): Once candidates clear the CBE, they would be shortlisted to take the PET/ PST organised by the Commission. During PET/ PST, candidates who are found eligible on the basis of height parameters are permitted to undergo PET (race) which is followed by a biometric/ technology-aided identification test. The scrutiny of candidates’ eligibility for any relaxation in terms of age, height and chest measurement is done only after they qualify for the PET (race) before PST conducted by CAPFs PET/ PST Boards.

Physical Efficiency Test (PET): The criteria to be followed for this test –

  • For Male candidates: Race 5 km in 24 minutes
  • For Female candidates: 1.6 km in 8 ½ minutes

For the Race test, the candidates of the Ladakh Region need to follow the below criteria –

  • Male: Race 1 Mile in 6 ½ minutes
  • Female: 800 metres in 4 minutes
  • Pregnant women are disqualified from taking this test.
  • Ex-Servicemen candidates shortlisted in the CBE need to appear in PET/PST stage for recording measurement of the chest, height and weight only. They are exempted from taking the PET. However, they need to qualify for the Detailed Medical Examination (DME).

Physical Standard Test (PST): In this test, the physical standards of the candidates are being tested on the basis of three factors:

SSC GD Physical Test

Physical Standard Category Male (in cms) Female
Height General, SC & OBC 170 157
Chest General, SC & OBC 80/5
Weight Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards

Detailed Medical Examination (DME): Candidates who qualify the PET/ PST are shortlisted for the DME. The selected candidates are medically examined by the Medical Boards constituted by the CAPFs to assess their physical and medical fitness on the basis of the following points:

  • Eyesight
  • Medical Fitness

The criteria set by the SSC authority for vision test is given in the table below:


SSC Constable GD Exam Pattern:-Download PDF HereDaily News

SSC GD Constable 2023: Syllabus

The SSC GD syllabus comprises a Computer Based Examination which includes an objective-type paper carrying 100 marks for 100 questions. The SSC GD Exam Syllabus is the same as that of the SSC GD Constable 2023 Syllabus. The SSC GD syllabus for the computer-based examination includes the following sections:

  • General Intelligence & Reasoning
  • General Knowledge and General Awareness
  • Elementary Mathematics
  • English/ Hindi

Topic wise detailed syllabus for each of the subjects is given below:

General Intelligence & Reasoning: This General Intelligence syllabus section mainly consists of both verbal and non-verbal types of reasoning questions. This test particularly includes questions that test the candidate’s analytical and logical reasoning skills and his/ her ability to observe and distinguish patterns through questions principally of non-verbal type. The list of topics under the General Intelligence & Reasoning syllabus are listed below:

  • Reasoning Analogies
  • Arithmetic Number Series
  • Arithmetical Reasoning
  • Coding-Decoding
  • Discrimination
  • Figural Classification
  • Non-verbal Series
  • Observation
  • Relationship Concepts – Blood Relations
  • Similarities and Differences
  • Spatial Orientation
  • Spatial Visualization
  • Visual Memory

Check 3 sutras to prepare for reasoning ability for the General Duty exam as it is an important and major part of the syllabus. Candidates can check essential topics for the Reasoning section:

Coding/Decoding Clocks Calendars
Reasoning Puzzles Statement & Conclusion Seating Arrangements

Candidates can check the Logical Reasoning page for more topics and prepare well for the reasoning section.

General Knowledge and General Awareness: The questions in this section aim at evaluating the candidate’s general awareness of day-to-day affairs and current affairs. These questions do not require the candidate to have special knowledge of any particular discipline. The questions in this component revolve around matters of everyday observations and test the candidate’s knowledge of the environment around him/ her and topics related to India and its neighbouring countries such as:

  • Art and Culture
  • Awards and Honours
  • Current affairs
  • Economics
  • General Polity
  • Geography
  • History and Polity
  • Indian Constitution
  • Important Dates and Days
  • Science and Development
  • Schemes launched by the Government
  • Sports

Given below are a few important General Awareness topics:

List of Famous Books And Authors Inventions & Discoveries
Countries, Capital and Currencies Tennis Grand Slam Winners
List of countries and Their National Games List of Arjuna Award Winners

Candidates can check the following links for important general awareness topics that might be asked in the exam.

Elementary Mathematics: This section primarily assesses the candidate’s knowledge of high-school-level mathematical problems. According to the SSC GD syllabus, the topics are given below:

  • Averages
  • Computation of Whole Numbers
  • Decimals and Fractions
  • Discount
  • Fundamental Arithmetical Operations
  • Interest
  • Mensuration
  • Problems related to the number
  • Number Systems
  • Percentages
  • Profit and Loss
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Ratio and Time
  • Relationship between Numbers
  • Time and Distance
  • Time and Work

The list of important topics covered in the Quantitative Aptitude syllabus can be found in the linked page. Candidates can check the link for assistance. Given below are a few important links that can help candidates prepare for different sections and attempt questions in the SSC GD exam with relative ease:

English/Hindi: The questions in this section of the test the candidates’ ability to understand and analyse basic English/Hindi. In this section, their comprehension skills in the language are being tested. If candidates are taking the SSC GD exam in English, then this section will assess their ability to grasp and comprehend basic English along with grammar topics. And if they have opted for the Hindi language, then this section will be focused on Hindi grammar and comprehension. There are 25 questions carrying a maximum of 25 marks. The topic-wise lists of the SSC GD syllabus for English are given below:

  • Error Spotting
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Cloze Test
  • One Word Substitution
  • Phrase and idioms meaning
  • Spellings
  • Phrase Replacement
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Reading comprehension

The topic wise lists of the SSC GD Syllabus for Hindi are given below:

  • संधि और संधि विच्छेद
  • उपसर्ग
  • प्रत्यय
  • वाक्यांश के लिए एक सार्थक शब्द
  • संज्ञा शब्दों से विशेषण बनाना
  • वाक्य-शुद्धि : अशुद्ध वाक्यों का शुद्धिकरण और वाक्यगत अशुद्धि का कारण
  • सरल, संयुक्त और मिश्र अंग्रेजी वाक्यों का हिंदी में रूपांतरण और हिंदी वाक्यों का अंग्रेजी में रूपांतरण
  • कार्यालयी पत्रों से संबंधित ज्ञान
  • मुहावरे और लोकोक्तियाँ
  • अनेकार्थक शब्द
  • पर्यायवाची शब्द
  • सामासिक पदों की रचना और समास विग्रह
  • विपरीतार्थक (विलोम) शब्द
  • वाच्य : कर्तृवाच्य, कर्मवाच्य और भाववाच्य प्रयोग
  • क्रिया : सकर्मक, अकर्मक और पूर्वकालिक क्रियाएँ
  • शब्द-शुद्धि : अशुद्ध शब्दों का शुद्धिकरण और शब्दगत अशुद्धि का कारण
  • अंग्रेजी के पारिभाषिक (तकनीकी) शब्दों के समानार्थक हिंदी शब्द
  • शब्द-युग्म

Aspirants of the SSC GD Exam can also check the English for Competitive exams link for better preparation.

For comprehensive preparation of the vast syllabus of the SSC GD Constable Exam, candidates are advised to take free SSC GD Mock Tests online.

SSC GD Exam: Weightage

The Question weightage that each topic in the SSC GD Constable syllabus carries is as mentioned below:

Topic Weightage in SSC GD Syllabus 2023

Sections Topics Weightage
General Knowledge and General Awareness Current Affairs

Static G.K

8-10 Questions

13-15 Questions

English/ Hindi Error Spotting

Fill in the Blanks: Articles, Prepositions etc.

Phrase replacements

Cloze test

Synonyms & Antonyms

Phrase and idioms meaning

One Word Substitution


Reading comprehension

3-5 Questions

5 Questions

3 Questions

5 Questions

6 Questions

3-4 Questions

3-4 Questions

3-4 Questions

5 Questions

General Intelligence and Reasoning Analogy




Order Ranking

Direction & Distances

Cloak & calendar

Alphabet or word test

Venn diagram


Blood relations

Non- verbal reasoning


Verbal reasoning 

2-3 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

0-1 Questions

2-3 Questions

2-3 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

Quantitative Aptitude Mixture Problems

Ratio Proportions

Number Systems



Profit and Loss



Time and work

Speed, Time and Distance


Simple Interest

Data Interpretations

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

3-4 Questions

4-5 Questions

4-5 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

4-5 Questions

Check the given links to prepare for SSC GD English Syllabus:

More important topics on the English Language can be found on the General English For Competitive Exams page that gives details on the concepts, rules and lists of various topics under this section.

Candidates can also check the Difference Between Articles in the given link to get familiarised with conceptual differences on various topics, subjects and terms.

It is imperative to note that the questions in all the above sections would be of matriculation (class 10th) level.

To know more about the SSC GD Notification, click on the linked article.

SSC GD Constable Syllabus 2023 PDF:- Download PDF Here

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SSC GD Books

It is advisable for candidates to refer to books which will help in enhancing their knowledge and improving their skills in different sections of the SSC Constable GD exam.

Given below is the list of books that the candidates can refer to during their preparation:

SSC Constable GD Exam Book List
Section Name Book Name Author Name
General Intelligence and Reasoning Section A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
General Intelligence and Test of Reasoning Vikas Experts
General Awareness and GK Section General Knowledge 2018: Latest Current Affairs & Who’s Who RPH Editorial Board
Manorama Yearbook 2018 Manorama
Elementary Mathematics Popular Arithmetic Multiple-Choice Questions RPH Editorial Board
Maths For SSC Constable Exam Ram Singh Yadav, Yajvender Yadav
English Language Objective General English R.S. Aggarwal
English Grammar Book Wren and Martin
Hindi Language Adhunik Hindi Vyakaran aur Rachna (Hindi) Dr Vashudevnandan Prasad
General Hindi and Concise Grammar – An Indispensable Guide for all Competitive Exams Dr Brij Kishore Prasad Singh

Find out everything about other upcoming Government Exams, by visiting the linked article.

SSC GD Books List:-Download PDF Here

To know more about the SSC GD salary, check the linked article.

SSC Constable GD Preparation Tips

Aspirants should start their preparation at an early stage so that they can easily clear the different phases of the exam. It is imperative to have a concrete study plan in place to crack all the phases of SSC GD Constable Exam. This may be achieved by understanding in detail the SSC GD syllabus and exam pattern. A good study plan should have a proper strategy and a comprehensive timetable to cover all the sections of the exam effectively.

Candidates should remember that they can excel in a section only if they practise on a regular basis and develop a sound understanding of General Knowledge and Current Affairs topics by reading newspapers, journals, etc. To boost your General awareness preparation for the SSC GD exam please check the page of various Static GK topics.

It is also recommended for aspirants to practice SSC GD previous years’ papers to get a feel of the real test and understand the weightage of questions among the different sections. For the SSC GD Constable position, applicants should also be physically and medically fit to take the Physical Efficiency Test (PET) and Physical Standard Test (PST) conducted by the Commission.

Candidates can visit the SSC Mock Test page to get free mock tests for various SSC exams.

Are you looking for some guidance to prepare for the SSC Constable GD exam? You can go through BYJU’S study materials to expedite your preparation process. Watch out for this space for more useful content on SSC exams.

Online Quiz 2023

Frequently Asked Questions about SSC GD Constable Exam Syllabus


Q1. Is there any negative marking in the SSC GD Constable online written exam?

Ans: Yes, for each wrong answer, one fourth of a mark is deducted.

Q2. What is the SSC GD Syllabus?

Ans: General Intelligence & Reasoning, Elementary Mathematics, English/Hindi, and General Knowledge & General Awareness are covered in the SSC GD Constable Syllabus for the SSC GD online examination.

Q3. What are the General Knowledge and Awareness section of the SSC GD Syllabus?

Ans: Your understanding of India, as well as current and historical events in India and around the world, will be assessed by the SSC GD syllabus’ General Knowledge and Awareness section. These are the subjects that are covered in this section: India and its neighbours, Geography, History and Politics, Economics, Science and Development, Government Schemes, Important Dates and Days, Art and Culture, Sports, and Awards and Honours, among others.

Q 4. The SSC GD online exam will have how many questions?

Ans: There are 100 questions in all across 4 sections of the SSC GD online exam.

Q5. What minimum height is necessary for SSC GD Constable?

Ans: Men in the General, SC, and OBC categories must be at least 170 cm tall, while women must be at least 157 cm tall.

Q6. How to Download the PDF of the SSC GD Syllabus?

Ans: To SSC GD Syllabus pdf Download visit the Staff Selection Commission’s (SSC) official website or the download link to the PDF of the syllabus is provided in the above article.

Q7. What is the marking scheme for SSC GD Constable examination?

Ans: Candidates receive 1 mark for each correct response, and there is a 0.25-mark penalty for incorrect responses.

Q8. What are the posts under SSC GD recruitment?

Ans: SSC GD Recruitment is released for the posts of Constable (General Duty) and Rifleman (General Duty).

Q9. What is the SSC GD Constable English section syllabus?

Ans: The candidates’ comprehension of fundamental English will be assessed in this area of the SSC GD exam. Reading comprehension, error spotting, fill-in-the-blanks, phrase replacements, cloze tests, synonyms and antonyms, phrase and idiom definitions, one-word substitution, spellings, and vocabulary are among the topics covered in the SSC GD English syllabus.


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  1. please tell
    who to prepare for ssc GD constable
    what books must be prepare for ssc GD constable