SSC GD Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2021 For Written, Physical And Medical Test

SSC GD Syllabus – The SSC GD Exam pattern and syllabus for the constable exam is set by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC). To ace the GD exam it is important for candidates to have a proper understanding of the latest SSC GD Constable Syllabus and exam pattern along with a strategized approach for exam preparation.

In this article, we will take you through the latest SSC GD syllabus and exam pattern of the SSC General Duty Constable Exam.

SSC GD Syllabus 2021 PDF:- Download PDF Here

SSC conducts an annual open examination for the recruitment of Constable (General Duty) in Border Security Force (BSF), Secretariat Security Force (SSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Rifleman (General Duty) in Assam Rifles.

The salient features of the SSC GD Exam are listed below:

The SSC Constable GD recruitment comprises four stages –

  • Computer-Based Examination (CBE)
  • Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  • Physical Standard Test (PST)
  • Detailed Medical Examination (DME)
  1. There is no negative marking for any incorrect answer in the online test of General Duty exam.
  2. Applications for the exam are usually accepted through online mode only from the candidates across India.

To get information about other SSC Exams, visit the linked page.

SSC GD Exam Pattern

The candidates must have prior knowledge of both the SSC GD exam pattern and the GD syllabus to crack the exam with flying colours. Candidates must go through them both with a fine-tooth comb to have a better understanding of the Staff Selection Commission General Duty Exam.

The exam pattern of SSC GD comprises four stages:

  1. Compute-Based Examination (CBE)
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  3. Physical Standard Test (PST)
  4. Detailed Medical Examination (DME)

Here’s a detailed look into each of the stages of the SSC GD exam pattern:

Computer-Based Examination (CBE): This is an online test comprising objective-type questions which are explained at length below under the syllabus section of the article. As per the SSC GD Exam Pattern, It is further divided into four parts:

  • General Intelligence and Reasoning
  • General Knowledge and General Awareness
  • Elementary Mathematics
  • English/ Hindi

Physical Efficiency Test (PET): Once candidates clear the CBE, they would be shortlisted to take the PET/ PST organised by the Commission. During PET/ PST, candidates who are found eligible on the basis of height parameters are permitted to undergo PET (race) which is followed by biometric/ technology-aided identification test. The scrutiny of candidates’ eligibility for any relaxation in terms of age, height and chest measurement is done only after they qualify the PET (race) before PST conducted by CAPFs PET/ PST Boards.

Physical Efficiency Test (PET): The criteria to be followed for this test –

  • For Male candidates: Race 5 Kms in 24 minutes
  • For Female candidates: 1.6 Kms in 8 ½ minutes

For Race test, the candidates of Ladakh Region need to follow the below criteria –

  • Male: Race 1 Mile in 6 ½ minutes
  • Female: 800 metres in 4 minutes
  • Pregnant women are disqualified from taking this test.
  • Ex-Servicemen candidates shortlisted in the CBE need to appear in PET/PST stage for recording measurement of chest, height and weight only. They are exempted from taking the PET. However, they need to qualify for the Detailed Medical Examination (DME).

Physical Standard Test (PST): In this test, the physical standards of the candidates are being tested on the basis of three factors:

SSC GD Physical Test
Physical Standard Category Male (in cms) Female
Height General, SC & OBC 170 157
Chest General, SC & OBC 80/5
Weight Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards

Detailed Medical Examination (DME): Candidates who qualify the PET/ PST are shortlisted for the DME. The selected candidates are medically examined by the Medical Boards constituted by the CAPFs to assess their physical and medical fitness on the basis of the following points:

  • Eyesight
  • Medical Fitness

The criteria set by the SSC authority for vision test is given in the table below:

SSC GD Exam - Vision Test - (I)

SSC Constable GD Exam Pattern:-Download PDF Here

SSC GD Syllabus 2021

The SSC GD syllabus comprises a Computer Based Examination which includes an objective-type paper carrying 100 marks for 100 questions.

The SSC GD syllabus is given below:

SSC GD Syllabus
Segregation Section Name Total No. of Questions Max. Marks Duration
Part A General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 25 1.5 hours (Cumulative)
Part B General Knowledge and General Awareness 25 25
Part C Elementary Mathematics 25 25
Part D English/ Hindi 25 25
Total 100 100

All the Objective-type questions mainly comprise Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). The Computer Based Examination (CBE) is conducted in two languages – English and Hindi only.

To know more about other SSC Exams, visit the linked article.

The SSC GD syllabus for the computer-based examination includes the following:

General Intelligence & Reasoning: This General Intelligence syllabus section mainly consists of both verbal and non-verbal types of reasoning questions. This test particularly includes questions that test the candidate’s analytical and logical reasoning skills and his/ her ability to observe and distinguish patterns through questions principally of non-verbal type.

The list of topics under the General Intelligence & Reasoning syllabus are listed below:

  1. Reasoning Analogies
  2. Arithmetic Number Series
  3. Arithmetical Reasoning
  4. Coding-Decoding
  5. Discrimination
  6. Figural Classification
  7. Non-verbal Series
  8. Observation
  9. Relationship Concepts – Blood Relations
  10. Similarities and Differences
  11. Spatial Orientation
  12. Spatial Visualization
  13. Visual Memory

Candidates can check important topics for Reasoning section:

Coding/Decoding  Clocks Calendars
Reasoning Puzzles Statement & Conclusion Seating Arrangements

Candidates can check the Logical Reasoning page for more topics and prepare well for the reasoning section.

General Knowledge and General Awareness: The questions in this section aim at evaluating the candidate’s general awareness about day-to-day affairs and current affairs. These questions do not require the candidate to have special knowledge of any particular discipline. The questions in this component revolve around matters of everyday observations and test the candidate’s knowledge of the environment around him/ her and topics related to India and its neighbouring countries such as:

  1. Culture
  2. Economic Scene
  3. General Polity
  4. Geography
  5. History
  6. Indian Constitution
  7. Scientific Research
  8. Sports

Given below are a few important General Awareness topics:

List of Famous Books And Authors Inventions & Discoveries
Countries, Capital and Currencies Tennis Grand Slam Winners
List of countries and Their National Games List of Arjuna Award Winners

Candidates can check the following links for important general awareness topics that might be asked in the exam.

Elementary Mathematics: This section primarily assesses the candidate’s knowledge of high-school level mathematical problems. According to the SSC GD syllabus, the following topics are:

  1. Averages
  2. Computation of Whole Numbers
  3. Decimals and Fractions
  4. Discount
  5. Fundamental Arithmetical Operations
  6. Interest
  7. Mensuration
  8. Number Systems
  9. Percentages
  10. Profit and Loss
  11. Ratio and Proportion
  12. Ratio and Time
  13. Relationship between Numbers
  14. Time and Distance
  15. Time and Work
Simplification and Approximation Problems on Train
Problems on Age Alligations and mixtures

The list of important topics covered in the Quantitative Aptitude syllabus can be found in the linked page. Candidates can check the link for assistance.

Given below are a few important links that can help candidates prepare for different sections and attempt questions in the SSC GD exam with relative ease:

Check 3 sutras to prepare for reasoning ability for General Duty exam as it is an important and major part of the syllabus.

For comprehensive preparation of the vast syllabus of SSC GD Constable Exam, candidates are advised to take free SSC GD Mock Tests online.

The Question weightage that each topic in the SSC GD Constable syllabus carries is as mentioned below:

Topic Weightage in SSC GD Syllabus 2021
Sections Topics Weightage
General Knowledge and General Awareness Current Affairs

Static G.K

8-10 Questions

13-15 Questions

English/ Hindi Error Spotting

Fill in the Blanks: Articles, Prepositions etc.

Phrase replacements

Cloze test

Synonyms & Antonyms

Phrase and idioms meaning

One Word Substitution


Reading comprehension

3-5 Questions

5 Questions

3 Questions

5 Questions

6 Questions

3-4 Questions

3-4 Questions

3-4 Questions

5 Questions

General Intelligence and Reasoning Analogy




Order Ranking

Direction & Distances

Cloak & calendar

Alphabet or word test

Venn diagram


Blood relations

Non- verbal reasoning


Verbal reasoning 

2-3 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

0-1 Questions

2-3 Questions

2-3 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

Quantitative Aptitude Mixture Problems

Ratio Proportions

Number Systems



Profit and Loss



Time and work

Speed, Time and Distance


Simple Interest

Data Interpretations

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

3-4 Questions

4-5 Questions

4-5 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

4-5 Questions

Check the given links to prepare for SSC GD English Syllabus:

More important topics on the English Language can be found on the General English For Competitive Exams page that gives details on the concepts, rules and lists of various topics under this section.

Candidates can also check the Difference Between Articles in the given link to get familiarise with conceptual differences on various topics, subjects and terms.

English/Hindi: The questions in this component tests the candidates’ ability to understand and analyse basic English/Hindi and the comprehension skills in the language are being tested.

It is imperative to note that the questions in all the above sections would be of matriculation (class 10th) level.

To know more about the SSC GD Notification, click at the linked article.

SSC GD Constable Syllabus 2021 PDF:- Download PDF Here

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SSC GD Books

It is advisable for candidates to refer books which will help in enhancing their knowledge and improving their skills in different sections of the SSC Constable GD exam.

Given below are the list of books that the candidates can refer during their preparation:

SSC Constable GD Exam Book List
Section Name Book Name Author Name
General Intelligence and Reasoning Section A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
General Intelligence and Test of Reasoning Vikas Experts
General Awareness and GK Section General Knowledge 2018: Latest Current Affairs & Who’s Who RPH Editorial Board
Manorama Yearbook 2018 Manorama
Elementary Mathematics Popular Arithmetic Multiple-Choice Questions RPH Editorial Board
Maths For SSC Constable Exam Ram Singh Yadav, Yajvender Yadav
English Language Objective General English R.S. Aggarwal
English Grammar Book Wren and Martin
Hindi Language Adhunik Hindi Vyakaran aur Rachna (Hindi) Dr Vashudevnandan Prasad
General Hindi and Concise Grammar – An Indispensable Guide for all Competitive Exams Dr Brij Kishore Prasad Singh

Find out everything about other upcoming Government Exams, by visiting the linked article.

SSC GD Books List:-Download PDF Here

The SSC GD 2021 notification is yet to be released. Candidates meanwhile can go through the highlights of the last recruitment conducted for GD constable to get a detailed understanding of the SSC GD examination:

SSC GD Exam 2018 -2019 Highlights
Name of Examination SSC GD 2018-19
Name of Tests
  1. Computer-Based Examination (CBE)
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  3. Physical Standard Test (PST)
  4. Detailed Medical Examination (DME)
SSC GD 2018-19 Exam Date Online Exam – 11th Feb to 11th March 2019
Duration of Online Exam 90 minutes
Exam Language (Online Exam)
  • English
  • Hindi
Maximum Marks (Online Exam) 100 marks
Type of Exam
  • CBE – Online Test
  • PET, PST & DME – Offline/ Physical Test
Type of Questions (Online Exam) All questions of CBE will be of Objective type (MCQs)
Negative Marking
  • No negative marking for wrong answers in the online test

To know more about the SSC GD salary, check the linked article.

SSC Constable GD Preparation Tips

Aspirants should start their preparation at an early stage so that they can easily clear the different phases of the exam. It is imperative to have a concrete study plan in place to crack all the phases of SSC GD Constable Exam. This may be achieved by understanding in detail the SSC GD syllabus and exam pattern. A good study plan should have a proper strategy and a comprehensive time table to cover all the sections of the exam effectively.

Candidates should remember that they can excel in a section only if they practise on a regular basis and develop a sound understanding of General Knowledge and Current Affairs topics by reading newspapers, journals, etc. To boost your General awareness preparation for the SSC GD exam please check the page of various Static GK topics.

It is also recommended for aspirants to practice SSC GD previous years’ papers to get a feel of the real test and understand the weightage of questions among the different sections. For the SSC GD Constable position, applicants should also be physically and medically fit to take the Physical Efficiency Test (PET) and Physical Standard Test (PST) conducted by the Commission.

Candidates can visit the SSC Mock Test page to get the free mock tests for various SSC exams.

Are you looking for some guidance to prepare for the SSC Constable GD exam? You can go through BYJU’S study materials to expedite your preparation process. Watch out this space for more such useful content on SSC exams.

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  1. please tell
    who to prepare for ssc GD constable
    what books must be prepare for ssc GD constable

    1. Hi,
      Go through the following links for GD preparation-
      SSC GD Mock Tests
      SSC GD Books

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