Important Inventions & Discoveries List for Government Exams

The Static GK part of the Government exams is vast and questions from any field may be asked in this section. The list of Inventions and Discoveries is also an important topic with respect to the General Awareness section.

Questions based on the various discoveries in the different fields are quite often asked in SSC, RRB, Bank, Insurance and other competitive exams and candidates must thoroughly prepare themselves with all these inventions along with their Inventors.

Candidates who are anticipating the release of notifications for various Government exams can check the latest notifications page for more information.

Ace the General Awareness section of various Government exams with the help of links mentioned below:

Aspirants preparing for the various competitive exams must note that the Static GK part of the General Awareness section is the most scoring section as no extra calculations or solutions have to be done for questions asked in this section. Thus, it is easier to score more for this part.

Further, in this article, we bring to you the list of Discoveries and Inventions along with the name of Inventor and the year in which the invention was done. Also, a few sample questions based on this topic have been given below.

List of Important Inventions & Discoveries PDF:-Download PDF Here

Given below are a few other Static GK topics for your reference:

List of Inventions and Discoveries 

Given below is a list of various Inventions and discoveries along with the name of the Inventor and the year in which it was invented:

List of Inventions & Discoveries
Invention/Discovery Name of the Inventor Year of Invention
Automatic Calculator Wilhelm Schickard 1623
Air Conditioner Willis Carrier 1914
Amplitude Modulation Reginald Fessenden
Anemometer Leon Battista Alberti 1450
Animation Emile Reynaud 1892
Atom Bomb Julius Robert Oppenheimer 1945
Aspirin Dr. Felix Hoffman 1899
Airplane Wilber and Orville Wright 1903
Adhesive tape Richard G. Drew 1923
Bifocal Lens Benjamin Franklin 1784
Barometer Evangelista Torricelli
Barbed Wire Joseph F. Glidden 1873
Blood Group Karl Lansdsteiner 1900
Ball Point Pen John Loud 1888
Bicycle Tyres John Boyd Dunlop 1888
Bicycle Kirkpatrick Macmillan 1839
Celluloid Alexander Parkes 1861
Chloroform E. Soberran 1831
Cine Camera Wm. Friese-Greene 1889
Circulation of blood William Harvey 1628
Clock Mechanical Hsing and Ling-Tsan 1725
Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel 1892
Centigrade Scale Anders Celsius 1742
Chlorine Karl Wilhelm Scheele 1774
Dynamite Alfred B. Nobel 1867
Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel 1895
Electric stove/cooker William S. Hadaway 1896
Electroscope Jean Nollet 1748
Electric Fan Wheeler 1882
Electric Battery Volta 1800
Elevator Elisha G. Otis 1852
Electric Motor (DC) Zenobe Gramme 1873
Electromagnet William Sturgeon 1824
Fountain Pen Lewis Edson Waterman 1884
Fluorine Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan 1886
Gramophone Thomas Edison 1878
Hydrogen Henry Cavendish 1766
Helicopter Igor Sikorsky 1939
Hovercraft Christopher Cockerell 1959
Hot Air Balloon Josef & Etienne Montgolfier 1783
Helium William Ramsay 1868
Insulin Sir Frederick Banting 1923
Jet Engine Hans Von Ohain 1936
Lightning Conductor Benjamin Franklin 1752
Locomotive Richard Trevithick 1804
Laser Dr. Charles H. Townes 1960
Light Bulb Heinrich Goebel 1854
Motorcycle Edward Butler 1848
Microscope Zacharis Janssen 1590
Microphone Alexander Graham Bell 1876
Machine Gun Richard Gaffing 1861
Neon Lamp Georges Claude 1915
Oxygen Antoine Laurent Lavoisier 1775
Ozone Christian Schonbein 1839
Piano Bartolomeo Cristofori 1700
Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg 1440
Parachute Jean Pierre Blanchard 1785
Polio Vaccine Jonas Edward Salk
Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev 1869
Penicillin Alexander Fleming 1928
Pacemaker Dr. Paul Zoll 1952
Petrol for Motor Card Karl Benz 1885
Refrigerator James Harrison 1851
Radium Marie & Pierre Curie 1898
Radar Dr. Albert H. Taylor & Leo C. Young 1922
Rubber (vulcanized) Charles Goodyear 1841
Rocket Engine Robert H. Goddard 1926
Radio Guglielmo Marconi 1894
Richter Scale Charles Richter 1935
Ship (Turbine) Charles Parsons 1894
Steam Ship J.C Perier 1775
Steam Boat John Fitch 1786
Safety Match J.E. Lundstrom 1855
Submarine David Bushnell 1776
Stethoscope Rene Laennec 1816
Saxophone Adolphe Sax 1846
Sewing Machine Elias Howe 1846
Steam-Powered Airship Henri Giffard 1852
Soft Contact lenses Otto Wichterle 1961
Synthesizer Dr. Robert Arthur Moog 1964
Thermometer Galileo 1593
Theory of Evolution Charles Darwin 1858
Typewriter Peter Mitterhofer 1841
Transistors John Bardeen, William Shockley & Walter Brattain 1948
Telephone Graham Bell 1874
Valve. Radio Sir J.A Fleming 1904
Vacuum Cleaner Ives McGuffey 1869
Vitamin A Frederick Gowland Hpokins 1912
Vitamin B Christiaan Eijkman 1897
Vitamin C Albert Szent-Gyorgi
Vitamin K Henrik Dam 1929
Vitamin E Herbert McLean Evans & Katherine Scott Bishop
Windshield wipers Mary Anderson 1903
World Wide Web Tim Berners Lee with Robert Cailliau  1989
X-ray Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen 1895
Xerox Machine Chester Carlson 1928

List of Important Inventions & Discoveries PDF:-Download PDF Here

Candidates looking forward to score more in the upcoming Government exams can refer to the below-mentioned links:

Sample Questions – Inventions and Discoveries

Given below are a set of sample questions based on the topic: Inventions and Discoveries as may be asked in the various competitive exams. Candidates must go through these questions as they may help them understand the question pattern for the Static GK part of the General Awareness section.

Q 1. The invention of Electromagnet was done to convert a soft metal core into a magnet by the passage of electric current through a coil surrounding in the year 1820. Who was the inventor of this Electromagnet?

  1. William Stanley
  2. William Sturgeon
  3. Ferdinand Braun
  4. Edme Regnier
  5. None of the Above

Answer: (2) William Sturgeon

Q 2. In the year 1929, Henrik Dam made a major invention in the field of Biology by discovering a Vitamin. Which Vitamin was it?

  1. Vitamin C
  2. Vitamin A
  3. Vitamin K
  4. Vitamin B
  5. Vitamin E

Answer: (3) Vitamin K

Q 3. Which of the following options is correct with respect to the Inventor of the Periodic Table and the year of invention?

  1. Dmitri Mendeleev – 1862
  2. John Dalton – 1869
  3. John Dalton – 1889
  4. Dmitri Mendeleev – 1869
  5. Paul Zoll – 1952

Answer: (4) Dmitri Mendeleev – 1869

Q 4. Who invented the Typewriter?

  1. Peter Mitterhofer
  2. Galilio
  3. Henri Giffard
  4. Mary Anderson
  5. Edward Butler

Answer: (1) Peter Mitterhofer

Q 5. In which year did Graham Bell discover Telephone?

  1. 1872
  2. 1879
  3. 1876
  4. 1874
  5. 1882

Answer: (4) 1874

The questions given above are just to help the candidates identify the pattern in which questions from this topic may be asked in the different Government exams. 

Aspirants must learn these discoveries and inventions by heart so that any question related to the same asked in the exam helps candidates easily score more.

Candidates who are looking for study material, notes or any other exam related information for the various competitive exams can refer to BYJU’S for assistance.

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