Dams in India

General Awareness is a major section for all the Bank Exams in India. In this section there are questions based on topics that are related to the current affairs or some are based on the static topics. The questions asked in the Bank Exams are based on areas like history of Politics, Geography, Sports and many more. One of the most important topics that are asked in the G.A section is the knowledge about Dams.

Major Dams in India

Candidates can get more update on other Government exams by checking the linked article.

First, we should have a clear understanding of a dam. A dam is a barrier that stops the flow of water and results in the creation of a reservoir. Dams are mainly built in order to produce electricity by using water. This form of electricity is known as hydroelectricity.  There are many dams in India and hence there is a need to know about them as there are questions based on the dams of India. The Bank Exams like IBPS or SBI contains questions from this section.

Dams have always been a great help for utilizing the natural resources in a productive way.

Major Dams in India

The major dams in India have helped the inhabitants in a number of ways like:

  1. Providing adequate water for domestic, industry and irrigation purposes.
  2. Hydroelectric power production and river navigation.
  3. These major dams in India and their reservoirs provide recreation areas for fishing and boating.
  4. They have helped in the reduction of floods.

Highlights on some important Dams in India:

Dams in India
Highest Dam in India Tehri Dam(Uttarakhand) Height: 260 meters

Length: 575 meters

River: Bhagirathi River

Location: Uttarakhand

Year of completion:2006 (1st phase)

Longest Dam in India Hirakud Dam (Odisha) Total Length: 25.79 km (16.03 mi)

Length of Main Dam:4.8 km (3.0 mi)

River: Mahanadi

Location: Odisha

Year of completion:1953

Oldest Dam in India Kallanai Dam(Tamil Nadu) River: Kaveri

Location: Tamil Nadu

Year of completion: 100 BC –100 AD

List of Dams Of India is an important static GK topic in terms of UPSC syllabus. For information on various static GK topics check the article linked here.

The list of some major dams in India have been given below:

List Of Major Dams in India State  River 
Bhavani Sagar dam Tamil Nadu Bhavani
Tungabhadra Dam Karnataka Tungabhadra
Rihand Dam Uttar Pradesh Rihand
Maithon Dam Jharkhand Barakar
Koyna Dam Maharastra Koyna
Bisalpur Dam Rajasthan Banas
Mettur Dam Tamil Nadu Kaveri
Krishnarajasagar Dam Karnataka Kaveri
Indira Sagar Dam Madhya Pradesh Narmada
Cheruthoni Dam Kerela Cheruthoni
Sardar Sarovar Dam Gujarat Narmada
NagarjunaSagar Dam Andhra Pradesh Krishna
Hirakud dam Odisha Mahanadi
Bhakra Nangal Dam Punjab Sutlej
Tehri Dam Uttarakhand Bhagirathi

 

The details on a few of the Largest Dams in India have been given below:

Tehri Dam

Largest Dam in India-Tehri Dam

The Tehri Dam is located in the state of Uttarakhand. It is the highest Dam in India with a height of 216 metres. It is also listed in the top ten highest dams in the world. This Dam is situated on the river Bhagirathi.

  • Height of the Dam- 260 m
  • Length of the Dam- 575 m
  • Type of Dam- Rock fill
  • The reservoir capacity- 21,00,000 acre feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 1000 Megawatt

Bhakra Nangal Dam

Largest Dam in India- Bhakra Nangal DamThe Bhakra Nangal Dam is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. It is the largest dam in India having a height of 225 metres and also in the second position in the largest dams in all over Asia. It is situated on the river Sutlej.

  • Height of the Dam- 226 m
  • Length of the Dam- 520m
  • Type of Dam- Concrete Gravity
  • The reservoir capacity- 75,01,775 acre feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 1325 Megawatt

Hirakud Dam

Largest Dam in India- Hirakud Dam

The Hirakud Dam is located in the state of Orissa. It is the longest dam in India with a length of 26 kms. It is also in the list of the longest dams in the world. The Hirakud Dam is situated on the river Mahanadi.

  • Height of the Dam- 96 m
  • Length of the Dam- 8km
  • Type of Dam- Composite Dam
  • The reservoir capacity- 47,79,965 acre feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 5 Megawatt

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

Largest Dam in India-Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is India’s largest Masonry Dams built till date. It is the largest manmade lake in the world. It has 26 gates and is 1.6 kms in length. It is situated on the river Krishna.

  • Height of the Dam- 124m
  • Length of the Dam- 1450m
  • Type of Dam- Masonry Dam
  • The reservoir capacity- 93,71,845 acre feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 816 Megawatt

Sardar Sarovar Dam

Largest Dam in India-Sardar Sarovar Dam

The Sardar Sarovar Dam is located in the state of Gujarat. It is the largest dam in the Narmada Valley Project. This Dam is to benefit the other neighbouring states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. It is situated on the river Narmada River.

  • Height of the Dam- 163m
  • Length of the Dam- 1210m
  • Type of Dam- Gravity Dam
  • The reservoir capacity- 77,01,775 acre feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 1450 Megawatt

These are some largest dams in India. There are more dams in India but questions that are asked in the Bank Exams’ General Awareness section is based on these dams only.

 

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