UPSC IAS Prelims Examination: Important lakes of India

Important lakes in India UPSC

UPSC IAS Prelims Exam is the most challenging examination in India. The General studies paper I for prelims examination, it encompasses all the subjects like History, Geography, Economics, General Science, Environment, and ecology.

Geography is the study of human, his environment, and the interface between the two. This description of geography conveys the aspirants about the inclusive nature of Geography and its immensity. The Geography syllabus for IAS Prelims exam is very precise.

The lake of India is a segment in Geography. It is very important to know about major lakes in India for UPSC IAS Exam.  Here we are giving the important lakes in India which will be useful for UPSC IAS Exam.

Chilika Lake

  • It is present in the state of Odisha
  • It is the largest brackish water lagoon in the Asian continent
  • Contains major islands such as Somolo, Nalabana, Kalijal, Honeymoon, etc
  • It was designated as a Ramsar site in 1981 to provide more protection
  • It attracts migrating birds in winters

Dal Lake

  • It is present in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir
  • It has the largest tulip garden in Asia
  • The lake houses three islands
  • It is known for its floating garden

Jaisamand Lake

  • It is present in Rajasthan
  • It happens to be the second largest artificial lake in Asia
  • It is also known by the name ‘Dhebar’
  • It contains 7 islands. One of the islands is inhabited by the tribe of Bhil Minas.
  • It was created in the seventeenth century as a freshwater lake


Kanwar Lake

  • Present in Bihar
  • One of the largest freshwater oxbow lake in the Asian continent
  • The lake has been shrinking at an alarmingly high rate
  • This lake is one of the silent bird sanctuaries in the country

Kolleru Lake

  • It is present in Andhra Pradesh
  • It is the largest shallow freshwater lake in the whole of Asia
  • It is situated between Godaveri and Krishna deltas
  • It is designated under the Ramsar Convention


Lonar Lake

  • It is a saline soda lake formed in the basalt rock
  • It is present in Buldhana district, Maharashtra

Nal Sarovar Lake

  • It is present in Gujarat
  • It houses the largest Indian bird sanctuary 

Pulicat Lake

  • It is present in Andhra Pradesh
  • It is the second largest brackish water lake or lagoon in the country
  • Sriharikota island isolates this lake from the Bay of Bengal

Roop Kund Lake

  • It is present in Uttarakhand
  • Also known as Mystery Lake or Skeletons Lake because of the presence of hundreds of skeletons found at the lake’s edge
  • There are places considered for Hindus in the vicinity of the lake

Sambhar Lake

  • It is present in Rajasthan
  • India’s largest inland salt lake
  • It has a bowl shape
  • The lake gets its water from an endorheic basin
  • It is the source of most of the salt production of the state of Rajasthan

Vembanad Kayal

  • It is present in Kerala
  • It is the longest lake in India
  • It is the largest lake of Kerala

Wular Lake

  • It is present in Jammu and Kashmir
  • It was formed because of tectonic activity and fed by the river Jhelum
  • The lake is one of the 26 Indian wetlands selected as a Ramsar site

Practice question for UPSC IAS Prelims

Consider the following statement with respect Wular Lake

  1. It is located in Kashmir
  2. It was created by Tectonic activity
  3. It is fed by river Jhelum

Select the correct option

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

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