Major Ports in India for UPSC IAS Exam

Major ports in India UPSC/Ports of India UPSC

For the UPSC exam mains and especially the Prelims, it is important to have a decent idea about the major ports in India. Given below is the list of ports in India for the IAS exam. Ports form a part of current affairs and the UPSC Geography syllabus.

Marine transport in India is controlled and administered by the state and the central governments. While the shipping ministry manages the major ports, the intermediate and the minor ports are administered by the State government in which the port is located.

All ports in India are situated in the following 9 coastal states of India namely Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. India’s extended coastline forms one of the major portions of land that juts out into a water body. There are thirteen major ports in the country that handle a lot of volume of container and cargo traffic. On the west coast, there are the ports of Mumbai, Kandla, Mangalore, JNPT, Mormugao and Cochin. The ones on the east coast are the ports at Chennai, Tuticorin, Vishakhapatnam, Paradip, Kolkata and Ennore. The last one, Ennore is a registered public company with the government owning 68% stake. In Andaman and Nicobar Islands, there is Port Blair.

Zone

State

Port

Features

Eastern Coast

Tamil Nadu

Chennai

Artificial Port

Second busiest port

Western Coast

Kerala

Kochi

Sited in the Vembanad lake
Exports of spices and salts

Eastern Coast

Tamil Nadu

Ennore

India’s First corporatized port

Eastern Coast

West Bengal

Haldia

Riverine ports

Situated on Hugli river
Known as Diamond Harbour

Western Coast

Gujarat

Kandla

Known as Tidal Port
Acknowledged as Trade Free Zone
Largest port by volume of cargo handled.

Western Coast

Karnataka

Mangalore

Deals with the iron ore exports

Western Coast

Goa

Marmagoa

Situated on the estuary of the river Juari

Western Coast

Maharashtra

Mumbai

Largest Natural Port and harbor In India

Busiest port in India

Western Coast

Maharashtra

Jawaharlal Nehru Port

 Largest Artificial Port

Eastern Coast

Odisha

Paradip

Natural Harbor
deals with the export of iron and aluminum

Eastern Coast

Tamil Nadu

Tutikorin

Major port in south India
deals with the fertilizers and petrochemical products

Eastern Coast

Andhra Pradesh

Vishakapatnam

Deepest port of India
deals with the export of iron ore to Japan

Amenities of building and fixing of ships are available

Eastern Coast

Tamil Nadu

Chennai

Artificial port

 

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