JPSC Syllabus & Exam Pattern

The JPSC Syllabus for the Combined Civil Service Exam is set by the Jharkhand Public Service Commission. The commission is authorised by the Constitution to assist the Jharkhand State Government in matters of recruitment, transfer and disciplinary matters.

Recently the commission has released the JPSC notification. The JPSC 2024 exam notification and dates are not out yet. It is expected to be out shortly. We have given the JPSC syllabus and other details of the JPSC exam here.

The JPSC Exam Pattern for the Combined Civil Service Exam comprises 3 stages:

  1. Prelims – 2 Objective type papers for 200 Marks each.
  2. Mains – 6 Descriptive type Papers, all the papers are compulsory
  3. Personality Test – 100 Marks

JPSC 6 final result was announced on 21st April 2020.

Get JPSC 2024 details in the linked article.

JPSC Syllabus is very much aligned with the UPSC Syllabus. There would be a few minor differences, JPSC would concentrate more on the History and Geography of Jharkhand.

Candidates can check the JPSC eligibility in the linked article.

As per the notification released on 8th February 2021, the JPSC Syllabus and Exam pattern are given below in detail:

JPSC Exam Pattern for Prelims

The JPSC Prelims Exam consists of 2 compulsory papers.

JPSC Exam Pattern for Prelims is given in the below table:

Name of Exam Combined Civil Service Exam
Conducting Body Jharkhand Public Service Commission (JPSC)
No of papers 2 papers on General Studies
Duration 2 Hours
Marks for each paper 200 Marks
Total Marks for Preliminary exam 400 Marks

JPSC Syllabus for Prelims

  • History of India
  • Geography of India
  • Indian Polity and Governance
  • Economic and Sustainable development
  • Science and Technology
  • Jharkhand specific questions (General Awareness of its history, society, culture and heritage)
  • National and international current events
  • General questions of miscellaneous nature

Find below the official notification on JPSC Syllabus for Prelims- General Studies – Paper 1

JPSC Syllabus Prelims General Studies Paper 1 (1)

JPSC Syllabus Prelims General Studies Paper 1 (2)

Find below the official notification on JPSC Syllabus for Prelims- General Studies – Paper 2

JPSC Syllabus Prelims General Studies Paper 2 (1)

JPSC Syllabus Prelims General Studies Paper 2 (2)

Some important tips regarding the JPSC Syllabus for prelims:

  1. Under history, candidates need to focus on the economic, social and political aspects of Jharkhand.
  2. Under Geography, candidates have to focus on the Geography of Jharkhand.
  3. To handle questions on Science and Technology, candidates need not require any specialisation.

JPSC Exam Pattern for Mains

Candidates who have successfully cleared the Prelims stage will be eligible for JPSC Mains. Under usual circumstances, the number of candidates selected for Mains will be equal to 10 times the total number of vacancies.

The JPSC Exam pattern for Mains is given in the below table:

Name of exam Combined Competitive Exam (Mains)
Conducting Body Jharkhand Public Service Commission (JPSC)
No of papers 6 papers
Duration 3 hours each
Total Marks for Mains Exam 950

JPSC Syllabus for Mains

There are no optional papers in the JPSC Mains Syllabus. Also, marks of Paper-I will not be counted in the final merit list.

The details of the JPSC Syllabus for Mains are given below:

  • Paper I: General Hindi and General English (100 Marks)
  • Paper-II: Language and Literature (150 Marks)
  • Paper III: Social Sciences, History and Geography (200 Marks)
  • Paper IV: Indian Constitution, Polity, Public Administration and Good Governance (200 Marks)
  • Paper V: Indian Economy, Globalization, and Sustainable Development (200 Marks)
  • Paper VI: General Sciences, Environment & Technology Development (200 Marks)

JPSC Mains Syllabus – Paper 1 (General Hindi and General English)

This is just a qualifying paper. Out of 100 marks, every candidate will have to secure only 30 marks. Hence, the commission has made sure that candidates having an educational background in regional language will not be adversely impacted by the English section in the paper.

As per the JPSC exam pattern, Mains Paper 1 will have 2 sections:

  • Hindi
  • English

Both the sections will have equal weightage i.e. 50 marks each. The purpose of the paper is to test the working knowledge of the candidates in the above 2 languages. The level of both sections will be of metric standards.

As per the JPSC exam pattern, the paper will broadly test the candidate on the following:

  • Essay
  • Grammar
  • Comprehension
  • Precis

JPSC Mains Syllabus – Paper 2 (Language and Literature)

Candidates have to choose from one of the following languages and literature:

  1. Oriya Language and Literature
  2. Bengali Language and Literature
  3. Urdu Language and Literature
  4. Sanskrit Language and Literature
  5. English Language and Literature
  6. Hindi Language and Literature
  7. Santhali Language and Literature
  8. Panchpargania Language and Literature
  9. Nagpuri Language and Literature
  10. Mundari Language and Literature
  11. Kurux Language and Literature
  12. Kurmali Language and Literature
  13. Khortha Language and Literature
  14. Khadia Language and Literature
  15. Ho Language and Literature

JPSC Mains Syllabus – Paper 3 (Social Sciences, History and Geography)

As given in the JPSC exam pattern, Mains Paper 3 has 2 sections

  1. History
  2. Geography

History section covers the syllabus from the following topics:

  • Ancient period
  • Medieval Period
  • Modern Period
  • History of Jharkhand

Geography section covers the syllabus from the following topics:

  • Physical Geography (General Principles)
  • Physical and Human Geography of India
  • Natural Resources of India: Development and Utilization
  • Geography of Jharkhand and utilization of its resources.
  • Population
  • Industrial and Urban Development
  • The pattern on Urban Settlement and Pollution problems.

JPSC Mains Syllabus – Paper 4 (Indian Constitution, Polity, Public Administration and Good Governance)

As per the JPSC Mains Syllabus, candidates will have to handle topics from 2 sections in this Paper.

  1. Indian Constitution and Polity
  2. Public Administration and Good Governance

Indian Constitution and Polity covers the following topics

  • Preamble, salient features of the Indian constitution, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Union Government (Executive and Legislature)
  • Judiciary
  • State Government (Executive, Legislature, Judiciary, Panchayats and Municipalities)
  • Centre-state relations
  • Special provisions relating to the administration of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribal Areas.
  • Emergency provisions of the Constitution
  • Election Commission of India
  • Political parties and pressure groups

Public Administration and Good Governance covers the following topics

  • Public Administration – Meaning, scope and significance
  • Public and private administration
  • Union Administration – Central Secretariat, Cabinet Secretariat, Prime Ministers Office, Planning Commission, Finance Commission
  • State Administration- State Secretariat, Chief Secretary, Chief Ministers Office
  • District Administration – Origin and development of the office of District Magistrate and Collector, changing role of the District Collector, the impact of the separation of the judiciary on district administration
  • Personnel Administration – Recruitment of civil services, Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commission, training of civil servants, leadership and its qualities, employees morale and productivity
  • Delegation, Centralization and decentralization of authority
  • Bureaucracy – its merits and demerits, the role of bureaucracy in policy formulation and its implementation; nexus between bureaucracy and political executive; generalist versus specialist
  • Development administration
  • Disaster Management- causes, mitigation, classification of disasters, immediate and long-term measures
  • Good governance – Lokpal, Lokayukta, Central Vigilance Commissioner, grievance redressal, right to service act, right to information act, right to education act, consumer protection act, domestic violence against women (prevention) act
  • Human Rights – concept, meaning, universal declaration of human rights, National Human Rights Commission, State Human Rights Commission, terrorism, social issues

JPSC Mains Syllabus – Paper 5 (Indian Economy, Globalization, and Sustainable Development)

Paper 5 is based on Indian Economy, Globalization and Sustainable Development. The JPSC Mains Syllabus for Paper Five is given below:

Basic Features of Indian Economy

  • National Income – elementary concepts of national income, and methods of its calculation, for example – GDP, GNP, NDP, NNP, GSDP, NSDP, DDP at constant and current prices, at factor cost etc
  • Inflation – Concept, control of inflation, monetary, fiscal and direct measures.
  • Demographic features
  • Agriculture and Rural economy – green revolution, white revolution, rainbow revolution, WTO
  • Industrial economy – policy initiative and changes
  • Public finance – the scope of public finance, principles of public finance, taxation
  • Public expenditure
  • Budget
  • Fiscal policy- centre and state fiscal relationship, the role of the finance commission
  • Structure of Indian monetary and banking system in India.
  • Indian Trade, Balance of Payment

Sustainable Development, Economic Issues, and Indian Development Strategy

  • Meaning and measurement of Economic development; characteristics of underdevelopment, indicators of development: HDI, GDI, India’s HDI progress.
  • Role of Foreign capital and technology in the growth of the economy
  • Sustainable development – concept and indicators of sustainable development, economic, social and environmental sustainability, the concept of GDP
  • Development status and issues pertaining to socially and economically marginalised sections, like ST, SC, religious minorities, schemes launched by Central/State Government.
  • Poverty and Unemployment: Measurements and trends, identification of BPL families, Multidimensional poverty index.
  • Food and nutritional security – trends in food production and consumption in India, the problem of food security, problems and issues of storage, procurement, distribution, import and export. Government policies, schemes, and programmes such as Public Distribution System, Mid-day meal schemes, government policies for food and nutritional security.

Economic Reforms, Nature and Impact on Indian Economy

  • New economic reforms – Liberalization, Privatisation, Globalization, good understanding of International Finance Institutions like IMF, World Bank; World Trade Organisation
  • Financial and Banking sector reforms, economic reforms, NABARD, RRB
  • Globalization of Indian Economy – its positive and negative impacts on different sectors, issues of FDI and FII in India.
  • Agriculture sector – Growth, Issues of subsidies and public investment in agriculture
  • Industrial development and economic reforms in India – major changes in Industrial policy, its impact on industrial growth, the role of public sector enterprises in India’s industrialisation in post reforms period, disinvestment and privatisation of public enterprises.

The economy of Jharkhand – features, issues, challenges, strategies

  • Economic growth and structure of Jharkhand’s economy, sectoral composition, growth in SDP, and per capita NSDP in last decade, agricultural and industrial growth in Jharkhand.
  • Demographic features of Jharkhand – population, growth, sex ratio, density, literacy, the composition of the workforce, rural-urban composition etc.
  • Status of poverty, unemployment, food security, malnutrition, education, and health indicators in Jharkhand, major initiatives, issues of agricultural and rural development, major programmes and schemes, poverty alleviation programs, food security schemes.
  • Land, forest and environmental issues in Jharkhand

JPSC Mains Syllabus – Paper 6 (General Sciences, Environment & Technology Development)

Candidates will have to handle topics from the following 5 sections.

  1. Physical Science
  2. Life Science
  3. Agriculture Science
  4. Environmental Science
  5. Science and Technology Development

Physical Science:

  • Basic knowledge on system of units like MKS, CGS, SI
  • Topics on Speed, velocity, gravity, mass, weight, force, impact, work, power and energy
  • Covers topics related to solar system
  • Concepts concerning sound, wavelength frequency, infrasonic and ultrasonic sounds characteristics and applications.

Life Science:

  • Concepts on the living world, cell structure, its functions, diversity of organism, biomolecules cell reproduction
  • Medallion inheritance, theories of the evolution of life on earth, including human evolution.

Agriculture Science:

  • A good understanding of the agro-climatic conditions of Jharkhand, rainfall pattern and abiotic stresses in each zone.
  • Knowledge of Food and horticultural crops of Jharkhand, understanding the need behind the diversification of crops, nutritional security due to the onset of climate change, the role of rainwater harvesting in improving agricultural production, and fish farming.
  • Candidates are required to have sound knowledge on Soil fertility, measures that are undertaken to improve soil health, concepts on organic farming,agro-forestry, wastelands and, government schemes to help the farmers of the state.

Environmental Science

  • Measures that were taken by the Government of India to preserve the environment measures to tackle global environmental issues, air pollution, water pollution.
  • Understanding of numerous environmental laws.
  • Candidates’ knowledge on Biodiversity hotspots and threats to biodiversity hotspots.

Science and Technology

  • Indian Government policies concerning Nuclear technology, focus on global nuclear policies.
  • Plans made by the Government to meet the energy demands of the country through various renewable and non-renewable sources of energy.
  • A good understanding of the Indian Missile program, the space program.
  • Knowledge of the latest developments in Information Technology challenges faced due to Cybercrimes.

JPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF:- Download PDF Here


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  1. Actually sir, i want to know that the paper will come in english language or in hindi language??
    Because i am an English medium student and will not be able to understand the hindi questions!!

    • Hi,

      All the papers in JPSC Prelims and Mains will have questions in English (also in Hindi) except the language paper which the candidate has to answer in the selected medium.

  2. Sir is there negative marking in prelims exam jpsc

  3. Sir I have a question regarding language paper and literature, if I choose my regional language santhali I should answer in santhali language or I can answer in English or Hindi .Will you elaborate this question?

    • Hi Sona
      Once you choose a regional language for the language paper, you have to write answers in the same language.

  4. Sir what is the minimum eligibility to appear for this exam.

  5. Hi sir, i am in graduation final year Can I fill the form jpsc 7,8,9?

  6. Hii sir I am from Bihar can I apply for this examination

  7. Sir what is the passing Mark’s for both the prelims paper of jpsc exam

    • Hi,
      The JPSC Notification mentions – “Selection list for the Main Examination shall be prepared on the basis of total marks obtained in both the papers. However, the minimum qualifying marks will be as prescribed under Rule 17 of The Jharkhand Combined d Civil Services Examination Rules, 2021.”

  8. prelims of jpsc consists of 2 paper one is gs type and other one is jhrkhand special
    sir i want to know that cut off of pre will be made on both papers or only 1

  9. Sir if I want to give upsc and jpsc . can I give both examination and if I attempt jbsc .Will it be counted to upsc as 1attempt or not .
    sure please clear this doubt

  10. Sir I want to know that if I will complete my graduation and my age will be below 21 ,then will I be able to give the respective exam?