NCERT Notes: History Of Ancient India Notes For UPSC 2022

History is one of the most important subjects for the UPSC Exam. Indian History for IAS is a very vast subject covering the following areas:

  • Ancient Indian History
  • Medieval Indian History
  • Modern Indian History

The IAS Syllabus covers history in both Prelims and Mains. The History topics are closely related to Heritage and Culture, particularly when studying History for IAS. The following are the important topics to study from Ancient Indian History:

  • Prehistoric India
  • Historic India
  • Indus Valley Civilization
  • Vedic India
  • Mahajanapadas
  • Buddhism and Related Topics
  • Mauryan Empire, Administrative Structure, Rulers and Legacy
  • Gupta Empire, Rulers and Legacy
  • Invasions from Central Asia
  • Kingdoms, States and Dynasties of South India, Their Rulers and Legacy

UPSC Books List PDF:-Download PDF Here

Ancient Indian History Notes

The Ancient history of India is an crucial topic for the CSE exam. It is also an interesting topic while being a vast topic as well. The notes and topics in this article will help in candidate in cruising through the Ancient History of India segment with relative ease.

Read more History of India NCERT Notes for UPSC. These notes are prepared on the important history topics of the UPSC Syllabus. It will help in the quick revision of prelims and GS 1 of UPSC Mains topics.

The most important sources of History are NCERT Books. Aspirants should read History from NCERT Books for UPSC to prepare for the IAS Exam. Taking notes is an efficient way to organise your study material for revision. Though taking notes is advisable, UPSC Candidates often find it difficult to find the right topics to focus on or may not have the time or resources at hand to take efficient notes. With this in mind, we at BYJU’S have developed a compilation of NCERT Notes for UPSC. This page compiles most of the important NCERT Notes for Ancient Indian History for UPSC for ease of use by IAS aspirants.

These IAS History study materials cover most of the major History Topics from the Ancient Indian Historical era until the dawn of the middle ages. Candidates should use these notes in conjunction with the NCERT Books to cover the complete UPSC Syllabus for Ancient Indian History.

Studying the Ancient History of India requires a thorough understanding of the chronology of events in Indian History. Based on this foundation, aspirants should build up knowledge on various aspects of history such as economic history, administrative history and cultural impact of historical events apart from political history.

While reading these topics, aspirants can practise past year history prelims and mains questions from the links given below:

Also, refer to the previous year IAS Topper list and get inspired and  motivated from their success stories.

Please visit the following links to read more:


  1. Actually am a fresh candidate for this exam can u pls guide me how to start preparing for exams

    1. Hi Vaishnavi
      For IAS preparation 2020 you can go through the linked article.

  2. I want study material for upsc pls help me

    1. Hi Prashant
      You can refer to our pages UPSC Notes PDF & Free IAS Prep to get study material relevant for UPSC preparation.

  3. Hi this is my first and last chance foe MPSC 2021. How to go for it.

    1. Hi Aditi
      Please go through MPSC Preparation page to get the strategy for MPSC 2021.


    1. Hi Prakhar
      You can go with new Tamil Nadu State Board history books (Class 11th & 12th) for ancient history preparation. Check other NCERT Notes for IAS preparation in the linked article.

  5. Hi
    Is there available full pledged study material for upsc apart from NCERT books

    1. Hi Chandrasekhar
      You can check our UPSC Notes PDF page to complement NCERT notes.

  6. Hello Sir,
    What are the imortant topics to be covered in “Indian history” from NCERT books?

    1. Hi,

      It is better to read the entire NCERT content and the Tamil Nadu Board Class XI Textbook for History. Also, History in UPSC comprises – Modern, Medieval (only Prelims), Ancient, Art and Culture. You can know more here – How To Study History For IAS?

      Few Important Topics of Modern History to be studied from other reference books include:
      1. Advent of Europeans (Prelims)
      2. Socio-Religious Reform Movements 18-19 century (Prelims and Mains)
      3. Indian War of Independence (Prelims and Mains)
      4. Important Leaders of Freedom Struggle (Prelims and Mains)
      5. British Policies and Acts such as Land Revenue System etc(Prelims and Mains)
      6. INC Sessions (Prelims)

  7. Hi I want to start preparation for MPSC exam 2021 from where do I start

    1. Hi Ruchika
      To start with MPSC Exam preparation, you can first check the MPSC Syllabus. Then you can take a look on our MPSC Preparation page for your reference.

  8. Respected sir /madam
    I thought to prepare for civil services now I need full information regarding what books should I read and I’m persuing my post graduation IN Psychiatric Nursing can I take optional subject in mains psychology bcz I had a psychology subject in Bsc Nursing.

    1. Hi Yogesh
      It is a good decision to follow your interests. To prepare for UPSC civil services examination, you need to know a few things beforehand; mentioned below:
      1. UPSC Syllabus 2020
      2. Overview of the IAS Exam
      3. NCERT Notes PDF
      Also, you can take Psychology subject as your Mains Optional given you know the Psychology Optional syllabus.

  9. Hi Sir,

    I’m preparing for UPSE 2021
    I’m all confused with the books some sorices says 6th to 12th NCERT, few sources says tamil nadu 11 and 12th Few says Nithin Singa, RS sharma, Satish Charndra Specturm.

    Please guide me with the books that I need to study, I wanted to have limited books and read that neatly.

    1. Hi
      You can refer to our page UPSC Books to get a fair idea.

  10. Lakshya chaudhary

    Sir, history ncerts like our past 1,2,3 are enough or one should should read ancient history books of classes 6 7 8th respectively.

    1. Class 11 and 12 NCERTs for History will be sufficient. You can check history notes from the linked articles below:
      1. Ancient History NCERT Notes
      2. Medieval History NCERT Notes
      3. Modern History NCERT Notes

  11. please give me a UPSC notes

    1. Hi Siddhika
      You can refer to UPSC Notes page for some important topics.

  12. I’m a full time worker and I’m thinking of preparing for the IAS next year. But I’m not confident whether the time given by me for study would be sufficient. Anyways I would be having Saturdays and Sundays off. So can you guide me on how can I manage my preparation along with my job and how much time must be given.

    1. Hi
      We suggest you refer to the strategy for working professionals to crack UPSC in the linked article.

  13. Sir how can i start preparation of upsc 2021 what part of syllabus i complete first

  14. Please give me a notes UPSC

    1. Refer to UPSC Notes linked article.

  15. Sir I want to know which subjects are required for upsc exam bcoz I have done my BA from art side

  16. Hi,
    I am preparing for MPPSC exam. Being fresher’s, pl.suggest strategy to get prepared myself for the exam ( pre and subsequently mains both), and also suggestions about good books and sources.
    Won’t mind if I will say I want to give exam in 3month from now and I am at day zero preparation. Pl.suggest.

    1. Hi
      You may refer to MPPSC preparation page. Here, we have tried giving the best strategy and tips to prepare for MPPSC exam.
      Also, download previous year MPPSC question papers for practise.

  17. What is the list of all the sub-topics that must be covered under ancient indian history?

    1. Hi,
      You must go through the following:
      1. Prehistoric period
      2. Indus Valley Civilization
      3. Vedic Period
      4. Empires and Kingdoms of Ancient India
      5. Art forms (Dance, Music, Literature, architecture)
      6. Religion/philosophy of Ancient India

  18. hi this is sudha from tamilnadu. for upsc exam preparation THE SAMACHEER KALVI BOOKS IS ENOUGH for altrenative of NCERT BOOKS

    1. Hi,
      Yes, one may opt for Class 11th and 12th Tamil Nadu History Textbooks in place of NCERT. However, one must also answer history questions from previous years’ question papers of UPSC after completing their reading. This way, one can fill in the gaps with NCERT books if needed.

  19. Outstanding class

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