The Indian Forest Service (IFoS) is one of the three All India Services of the Union Government, the other two being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Police Service (IPS). It was constituted in the present form in 1966, although the service dates back to 1864 when it was established as the Imperial Forest Service under the British Raj. In this article, you can read all about the Indian Forest Service Exam – pattern, syllabus, how to apply, salary, etc.
Indian Forest Service is usually mentioned as IFOS. UPSC IFS is mentioned for Indian Foreign Service.
UPSC IFS is also a part of the Civil Services Exam. Therefore, candidates should be aware of the difference between the UPSC IFS and IFOS.
Indian Forest Service Exam
Every year, the UPSC conducts the Indian Forest Service exam to recruit officers into the forest service. The chief mandate of this service is to manage the country’s natural resources and implement the National Forest Policy.
IFOS Exam 2020 – Important Dates
|Date of Notification||12.02.2020|
|Last date of Submission of Application||03.03.2020|
|IFOS Prelims Exam||31.05.2020|
|IFOS Mains Exam||22.11.2020|
The IFOS Mains Exam 2019 is scheduled between December 1 and December 8, 2019. It will be conducted in 2 sessions at the respective exam centres.
IFOS Exam – Salient Points
- The IFoS notification is the same as the Civil Services UPSC Notification which is released by the UPSC every year in February. This is because the prelims exam, which is the first stage of both the civil services and the forest services exams is the same.
- Candidates should indicate while applying online whether they are taking the civil services, the IFoS, or both the exams.
- There are less number of vacancies for the IFoS exam (around 100 per year), as compared to the civil services.
- The mains exam for the IFoS is different from the civil services exam.
- The eligibility criterion is also slightly different, as explained in the sections below.
Check the IAS Exam details here.
IFOS Notification 2019:- Download PDF Here
Indian Forest Service Exam Eligibility
The eligibility conditions for the IFoS exam can be categorized under four headings as under:
- Age limit
- Number of attempts
The criterion for nationality, age limit and number of attempts is the same as for the civil services exam.
Read the detailed IAS/IFoS eligibility criteria at the linked article.
- However, when it comes to the educational criteria, the conditions are different for the forest service exam.
- Whereas the civil services require any bachelor’s degree, the IFoS exam requires a science or engineering bachelor’s degree from UPSC recognized universities.
- The candidate must have a Bachelor’s degree with at least one of the following subjects: animal husbandry & veterinary science, botany, chemistry, geology, mathematics, statistics, physics, zoology; OR,
The candidate must have a Bachelor’s degree in agriculture, forestry or engineering.
Every candidate appearing for the examination shall be permitted six attempts. But, the number of attempts will not apply in the case of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe candidates who are otherwise eligible. The number of attempts permissible to candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes is nine.
Indian Forest Service Exam Pattern
The Indian Forest Service Exam is conducted in three rounds. A candidate has to clear one stage to qualify for the subsequent stage. They are explained below:
Stage 1: Prelims Exam
- The prelims exam for IFoS is the same as the UPSC IAS Prelims exam. There are two papers, GS I and CSAT, both objective in nature.
- The cut off for the IFoS exam is higher than for the IAS exam since the number of vacancies is markedly less.
Read more on the UPSC Prelims exam (common round for IFoS and CSE) at the linked article.
Stage 2: Mains Exam
- There are 6 papers in the IFoS mains exam.
- All are descriptive in nature. Each paper is for a duration of 3 hours.
- There are two optional subjects candidates that have to choose.
UPSC Indian Forest Service Mains Exam Papers:
|Paper I||General English||300|
|Paper II||General Knowledge||300|
|Paper III||Optional I||200|
|Paper IV||Optional I||200|
|Paper V||Optional II||200|
|Paper VI||Optional II||200|
List of optional subjects (two to be chosen) available for the IFoS main exam:
- Agricultural Engineering
- Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Please note that the candidates will not be allowed the following combination of optional subjects:
- Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering
- Agriculture and Forestry
- Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
- Mathematics and Statistics
- Agriculture and Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
- Of the Engineering subjects namely, Agricultural Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering – not more than one subject.
IMPORTANT: Candidates must also note that all the papers will be only in English and this is the only medium of examination in the IFoS.
Only candidates who score higher than the cut off marks in the mains exam will be summoned for the sext stage, which is the interview round.
Stage 3: Interview
- The interview will be for a total of 300 marks.
- The candidate will be assessed on general awareness, communication skills, intellectual curiosity, critical powers of observation and assimilation, balance of judgment and alertness of mind, initiative, tact, capacity for leadership, etc.
- Here, the candidate will be interviewed by a Board.
- A physical test will follow the interview. Here, male candidates have to complete a 25 km walk or run in under 4 hours, and female candidates have to complete a 14 km walk or run in less than 4 hours.
Indian Forest Service Syllabus
IFoS Prelims Syllabus:
The syllabus for the IFoS prelims exam is the same as the civil services prelims exam.
You can check out the IFoS prelims syllabus in detail here.
IFoS Mains Syllabus
- There are six descriptive papers in the mains exam.
- There are four optional papers, two for each optional.
For a comparison between the Indian Forest Service and the Indian Administrative Service, click here.
How to Apply for Indian Forest Service Exam?
The mode of application for the Indian Forest Service Exam is the same as for the civil services examination. At the time of applying for the exam online, candidates should mention the exam for which they are applying for. They can apply for both the exams as well.
Read more on how to apply for the civil services exam (and the IFoS exam through the CS prelims) here.
Indian Forest Service Salary
The following table gives the salary and rank hierarchy of IFoS officers.
|Grade||Designation in state govt.||Designation in GOI||Basic Monthly Salary|
|Junior Time Scale||Assistant Conservator of Forests/Asst. Dy. Conservator of Forests||Assistant Inspector General of Forests||₹56,100|
|Senior Time Scale||Deputy Conservator of Forests||Assistant Inspector General of Forests||₹67,700|
|Junior Administrative Grade||Deputy Conservator of Forests||Assistant Inspector General of Forests||₹78,800|
|Selection Grade||Deputy Conservator of Forests (Selection Grade)||Assistant Inspector General of Forests||₹1,18,500|
|Super Time Scale||Conservator of Forests / Chief Wildlife Warden||Deputy Inspector General of Forests||₹1,50,000|
|Senior Administrative Grade||Chief Conservator of Forests||Inspector General of Forests||₹1,75,000|
|HAG scale||Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests||–||₹2,00,000|
|HAG+ Scale||Principal Chief Conservator of Forests||Additional Director General of Forests||₹2,05,400|
|Apex Scale||Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Head of Forest Force)||Director General of Forests||₹2,25,000|