On 8th February, the Yudh-Abhyas exercise which is an Indo-US joint military exercise commenced in Rajasthan. Similar to this, there are various other Indian army exercises, information of which is important for the IAS Exam.
India is playing an enormous interest in establishing a relationship with various countries around the globe. Integration of the military exercises is an unavoidable obligation for the contemporary combat zone. The joint military is essential for the cooperation of countries apart from economic cooperation and the prevailing hard situation.
The absence of cooperation in the military field in the Indian armed forces received a motivation post-Kargil. The most significant benefit of joint military exercises is ‘strategic signalling’.
This is an important concept for many major government exams, including the UPSC IAS exam.
Indian Military Exercises
The Indian military exercises can be segregated into 3 categories:
- Domestic exercise
- Bilateral Exercise
- Multilateral exercise
Domestic exercise – This exercise aims to improve internal engagements and there can be inter-services or intra-services depending on nature and its application.
List of military domestic exercises:
- Gandiv Vijay
- Paschim Lehar
- Vayu Shakti
- Vijay Prahar
Bilateral exercise – These exercises are conducted between two countries.
The following table provides you with a list of important Indian bilateral army exercises.
|Exercise Name||Participant Nations|
|Sampriti||India & Bangladesh|
|Mitra Shakti||India & Sri Lanka|
|Maitree Exercise||India & Thailand|
|Vajra Prahar||India & US|
|Yudh Abhyas||India & US|
|Nomadic Elephant||India & Mongolia|
|Garuda Shakti||India & Indonesia|
|Shakti Exercise||India & France|
|Dharma Guardian||India & Japan|
|Surya Kiran||India & Nepal|
|Hand in Hand Exercise||India & China|
|SIMBEX||India & Singapore|
|Shakti Exercise||India & France|
|CORPAT||India & Thailand|
Multilateral exercise – These exercises are conducted by the military including more than one partner nation.
List of major multilateral exercises conducted by the military are given below:
|Multilateral exercise||No of Participating countries|
|COBRA-GOLD||Asia – Pacific countries|
|Samvedna||South Asian Region Nations|
Latest Important Military Exercises – 2022
The table given below mentions the latest editions of all the important military exercises of India with other nations. CSE exam aspirants must refer to the details discussed below:
|Exercise name||Country participated with India||Latest Date/Year/Edition||Held at|
||Jabal AL Akhdar training camp, Oman|
||Babina Military Station in Jhansi district of Uttar Pradesh|
|Garuda Shakti IV||Indonesia||
|Hand in Hand||China||
||Vairengte in Mizoram|
||Mahe Island in Seychelles|
|Mitra Shakti-VII||Sri Lanka||
|Multi-national FTX/Exercise Force Eighteen||18 ASEAN Plus countries||
||Bakloh Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh|
|Surya Kiran XIV||Nepal||
|Yudh Abhyas||United States||
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Facts About Indian Army for UPSC
The table below gives a few important and interesting facts about the Indian Army for the UPSC Exam:
|Indian Army is the world’s largest ground force, overtaking China|
|There are approximately 1.4 million personnel in the Indian Army|
|The largest standing volunteer army in the world is Indian Army with 1,129,900 Active personnel and 960,000 Reserves|
|There are recruiting zones in the country for the purpose of recruitment in the Indian Army|
|The headquarters of Indian Army is in New Delhi
|In India, command headquarters is known as Field Army with a General Officer Commanding-in-Chief presiding over matters in the rank of a (three-star) Lieutenant General.|
|The head of the Indian Army staff is called the Chief of Army Staff (COAS.)
|Indian Army also has Vice Chief and two Deputy Chiefs of Army Staff|
|In the Indian Army, corps are the field force. They are of two types – Holding Corps and Strike Corps|
Largely, the topic, India Army Exercises, is covered under bilateral relations of India, and also under the security section of the IAS Syllabus of GS 2 and GS 3 respectively. Hence, aspirants should remember the names of these exercises while writing any answer that involves either of these sections.
Also, refer to the previous year IAS Topper list and get inspired and motivated from their success stories.
Frequently Asked Questions about Joint Military Exercises of the Indian Army
Why are Joint Military exercises between armies important?
What is Vajra Prahar?
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