Difference between between Indian Army and CAPF (Central Armed Police Force)

The difference between the Indian Army and Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) is explained here in detail. 

Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Army, and its professional head is the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a Four-Star general. 

Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to the Security forces in India under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Their role is to defend the national interest mainly against the internal threats. 

Visit the link on the IAS Exam for dates, structure, and other details relevant to the aspirants of the Civil Services exam. 

Difference between Indian Army and CAPF – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Difference between Indian Army and CAPF

The major differences between the Indian Army and CAPF (Central Armed Police Force) are:

Indian Army CAPF (Central Armed Police Force)
Indian Army comes under the Ministry of Defence, Government of India. The Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
Indian Army, Indian Airforce, Indian Navy comes under the category of Indian Armed Forces. Indian Army is the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. Indian Army is the largest standing army in the World. Indian Army is operationally and geographically divided into 7 Commands. There are 7 different security forces under Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) – National Security Guard (NSG), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force (ITBP). Personnel of the Central Armed Police Force also serve in important organizations like Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Intelligence Bureau (IB), National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB).
Indian Army was founded on 1st April 1895. BSF was founded on 1st December 1965.

CRPF was founded on 27th July 1939.

CISF was founded on 10th March 1969

ITBP was formed on 24 October 1962

NSG was formed in 1986.

SSB was formed in 1963

Indian Army is broadly classified into 8 Different Regiments – Armoured Corps, Artillery Regiment, Army Aviation Corps, Infantry Regiment, Mechanised Infantry, Corps of Engineer, Corps of Army Air Defence. Every Regiment has different types of expertise and role to play. The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is the largest of the Central Armed Police Force (CAPF). The CRPF has  Rapid Action Force (RAF) and Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA) working under it. 
The task of the Indian Army is to protect Indian Borders from external threats emanating from terrorism and the Armed Forces of hostile nations. In the event of war with another nation, it is the role of the Indian Army to protect India. Indian Army has been consistently contributing to the United Nations (UN) Peacekeeping Force across the globe. Usually, the largest contingent of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force is from the Indian Army. Indian Army also regularly conducts Military Exercises with many friendly nations like the USA, France, Russia, UK, etc. The mandate of the Central Armed Police Force is to protect India from Internal threats like Riots, Ethnic violence, North East Insurgency, Left-Wing Extremism. ITBP is tasked with protecting the Indo-China border, CISF protects critical infrastructures of India like Airports, Ports, Nuclear Power Plants, Public Sector Undertakings, etc. Border Security Force guards the Indo-Pakistan Border and India-Bangladesh Border. The COBRA of the CRPF takes part in Anti-Naxal operations. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is tasked with protecting Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan borders. NSG undertakes Anti-terrorism operations within India. Most well known is the 26/11 Mumbai attacks and Pathankot attacks
Recruitment for the Indian Army is done through Combined Defence Services Examination.  Recruitment for Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) is done through the Central Armed Police Force Exam.
Head of the Indian Army is a 4 Star Officer equivalent to the Rank of Army General. Head of Central Armed Police Forces, is a 3 Star Officer equivalent to the Rank Of Director-General of Police.

After learning about the differences between the Indian Army and Central Armed Police Force (CAPF), visit the below-given links to learn more about Joint Military Exercises conducted between the Indian Army and the Armed Forces of various other countries.

Difference between Indian Army and CAPF – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

To understand the syllabus for the UPSC Civil Services Exam, visit the given link to the IAS Syllabus page.

Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between Indian Army and CAPF

Q 1. How are Indian Army and CAPF different?

Ans. The Indian Army comes under the Ministry of Defence, whereas, CAPF comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Army is responsible for the external threats and border security and CAPF manages the internal riots and incidents of violence.

Q 2. When was CAPF and the Indian Army established?

Ans. Indian Army was founded on April 1, 1895, and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) under CAPF was established on July 27, 1939.

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