National Identity Elements of India is important for UPSC Civil Services Examination. The second chapter in the India Yearbook deals with the national identity elements. Generally, UPSC asks some questions about National flower National Emblem, National symbols, National Anthem, etc. as civil service aspirants, one should know the minuscule details about the national identity elements. Here we are giving some interesting facts about National Song of India.
Sujalam, suphalam, malayaja shitalam,
Phullakusumita drumadala shobhinim,
Suhasinim sumadhura bhashinim,
Sukhadam varadam, Mataram!
Vande Mataram, Vande Mataram!”
- The National song of India, Vande Mataram is considered as the foundation of encouragement to the people in their struggle for freedom. The National song of India is versed in the Sanskrit and Bengali languages by Bankim Chandra Chatterji.
- The former President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on January 24, 1950, came up with a declaration in the Constituent Assembly that the song Vande Mataram, which had played a significant part in the historic freedom struggle held in India, should be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and must give equal status with it.
- The song was a part of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882) which is set in the events of Sannyasi rebellion.
- The first translation of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s novel Anand Math, comprising the poem Vande Mataram, into English was done by Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta, in 1906.
- 1896 session of the Indian National Congress is the first political event when the National song was sung. The national song of India was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore session on the same occasion.
- In 1905, Poet Sarala Devi Chaudurani sang the national song in the Benares Congress Session.
- From Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai published a journal called Vande Mataram
- In 1905, Vande Mataram was recited in the first political film made by Hiralal Sen
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