Polity Notes For UPSC - Indian Polity Notes For IAS Preparation


Find below the pdfs of UPSC notes on Polity for the Civil Services Exam. Polity is part of both UPSC Prelims Syllabus and the UPSC Mains Syllabus (GS II). Also, Political Science is an optional subject choice in the IAS Mains exam. This highly relevant and scoring subject often poses a challenge to IAS aspirants, as students find it hard to make notes balancing both static and dynamic topics/issues in the news. Hence, we have provided Byju’s Polity notes for IAS preparation.

How to prepare Indian Polity for UPSC exam?

  • Read/prepare notes
  • Read NCERTs
  • Read Laxmikanth
  • Check UPSC previous year question papers
  • If it is your optional subject, have a definite strategy
  • Follow daily news analysis

For all the above and more, check the links at the bottom of the article.

Indian Polity Notes for UPSC Prelims exam and IAS Mains



  • Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
  • Sources of certain features of Indian Constitution
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Classification
  • Fundamental Rights v/s DPSPs
  • Importance and Criticism of DPSP
  • Basic Structure Doctrine
  • Practice Questions
  • The Union and Its Territory
    • Union v/s Federation
    • Reorganisation of States
  • Citizenship
    • Citizenship Act 1955 and Amendments
    • Loss of Citizenship
    • Dual Citizenship


  • Fundamental Rights
  • Nature of Fundamental Rights
  • Amendments of FR
  • Fundamental Rights (contd.)
    • Article 16
    • Article 17
    • Article 18
    • Article 19
    • Article 20
    • Article 21
    • Article 22
  • Fundamental Rights (contd.)
    • Article 25
    • Article 26
    • Article 27
    • Article 28
    • Article 29
    • Article 30
    • Right to Property
    • Article 32
  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Acts passed to enforce Fundamental Duties
  • The Executive
    • The President
    • Council of Ministers
    • Prime Minister
  • The President
    • Qualifications
    • Single Transferable Vote System
    • Election of President
    • Privileges
    • Removal
    • Powers of the President of India
  • Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
  • Duties and Powers of CAG
  • Parliament
    • Disqualification of Members
    • Speaker of Lok Sabha
    • Chairperson of Rajya Sabha
  • Legislative procedures
    • How Bills become Laws
  • Money Bill
  • Finance Bill
  • Budget – Annual Financial Statement

How to best use these Polity notes for UPSC preparation?

  • Aspirants often know the Articles/Schedules/Parts of the Indian Constitution but presenting all the information in the UPSC exam becomes a challenge, especially in the IAS mains.
  • If one goes through the UPSC previous year question papers, one can see the nature of questions are changing. While the emphasis on basis concepts and static part is still there, the dynamic aspects are getting more weightage.
  • To ascertain whether one can face the challenge, that is the Civil Services Exam, read these Indian Polity notes for UPSC prepared by experienced subject matter experts and solve UPSC MCQ on Indian Polity
  • Check out Byju’s IAS 2019 (Pre & Mains) Tablet Course for a holistic approach to the IAS exam preparation.

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