Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

The significance of the Polity is carried forward, even when one UPSC aspirant gets into the Civil services. It forms a vital part of administration and governance.The President of India, the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha, are together known as the Parliament of India, which is the principal legislative authority in India. The Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha are the two houses of Parliament, where Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Parliament and Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament.

The two houses of Parliament chiefly vary in their powers and functions. The time period of Lok Sabha is for five years, after which it dissolves. The Rajya Sabha is a permanent house, but after every two years, one-third of its members retire.

The central function of both the Houses is to pass laws. Each and every Bill has to be passed by both the Houses and agreed to by the President before it becomes law. The main Union subjects are Railways, Banking, Defence, Currency and Coinage, Foreign Affairs, Transport and Communications, Customs and Excise Duties. There are several subjects on which both Parliament and State Legislatures can legislate.

Here we are giving the basic difference between Lok sabha and Rajya sabha.


Rajya Sabha

Lok  Sabha


Council of states

House of People


Council of States, where the representatives are indirectly elected by the elected representative of the Assemblies of States and Union Territories.


House of People, where people who are qualified to vote can elect their representative by way of direct elections.



Permanent body

It continues for 5 years, except dissolved earlier.


Vice President of India


Minimum age for being a member

30 years

25 years

Maximum number of members

250 members

552 members


Rajya Sabha has special powers to announce that it is required and expedient in the national interest that Parliament may make laws with respect to a matter in the State List or to create by law one or more all-India services common to the Union and the States.

Money Bills can only be presented in the Lok Sabha.  And it grants the money for functioning the administration of the country.


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