Parliament of India comprises President, Lok Sabha (Lower House) and Rajya Sabha (Upper House.) Lok Sabha is called House of People while Rajya Sabha is called the Council of States. The names, ‘Lok Sabha’ &’ ‘Rajya Sabha’ were adopted in 1954 by the Indian Parliament. Article 79-122 in the Indian Constitution deals with the Indian Parliament. The two houses of parliament are different from each other in many aspects and hence this topic ‘ Difference between Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha’ becomes important for IAS Exam and its three stages – Prelims, Mains and Interview.
Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha – Indian Polity Notes
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This article will mention the differences between Lower House i.e. Lok Sabha and the upper house i.e. the Rajya Sabha. Understanding the conceptual difference between Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha will act as a yardstick for UPSC aspirants for UPSC Mains GS-II exam and also for the Political Science subject which is an optional paper in the civil services examination.
Difference between Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha – Indian Polity Notes:- Download PDF Here
What is the main difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
The major points of difference between Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha or the upper house and lower house of the Parliament are given in brief in the table below. This information is important from the UPSC CSE perspective:
|Comparison between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
|What it is called?
|House of People
|Council of States
|What is the meaning of the name?
|House of People, where people who are qualified to vote can elect their representative by way of direct elections
|Council of States, where the representatives are indirectly elected by the elected representative of the Assemblies of States and Union Territories
|What is the tenure of the house?
|It continues for 5 years
Note: It can be dissolved earlier by passing no-confidence motion
|It is a permanent body.
|Who heads the house?
|Vice President of India as the Chairman of the house
|What is the minimum age to become a member?
|What is the strength of the house?
|What are the functions of the house?
|All bills originate in Lok Sabha mostly and after passing through Rajya Sabha, they are returned for Lok Sabha approval. It plays a major role in legislation.
|Rajya Sabha has special powers to protect the states’ rights against the Union.
Questions related to the differences between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha for UPSC
When an aspirant reads about the Indian Parliament for the first time, he/she may get a little confused between the two houses given their composition, tenure and functions. Below, we will answer all those questions related to the difference between Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha reading which aspirants will get clarity conceptually for the UPSC 2024 examination.
The set of questions relevant from UPSC exam are given below:
Who is more powerful between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha along with the President together make up the Parliament. Both houses have been conferred with powers. However, there is a slight difference between the powers of both. Lok Sabha is more powerful than Rajya Sabha on specific matters which are given below:
- Lok Sabha can express a lack of confidence in the government by following ways which Rajya Sabha cannot:
- By not passing a motion of thanks on the President’s inaugural address
- By rejecting a money bill (To read on how a bill is passed in Indian Parliament, check the linked article.)
- By passing a censure motion or an adjournment motion
- By defeating the government on a vital issue
- By passing a cut motion
- Note: Rajya Sabha, however, can criticize the acts and policies of the government.
- Money Bill under Article 110 can only be introduced in Lok Sabha. (Aspirants can read more about Money Bill in the linked article.)
- Financial Bill under Article 110 (1) can also be introduced only in the Lok Sabha
- Note: The powers with the passage of the bill, however, are the same
- Speaker of Lok Sabha decides which bill is Money Bill and the same power is not given to the chairman of Rajya Sabha
- In case of a joint sitting of both houses, Lok Sabha with the greater number always wins
- With respect to the union budget, Rajya Sabha can only discuss the budget and cannot vote on the demands for grants
How many members are there in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
The composition of both the houses is given below:
|Composition of Lok Sabha
|Composition of Rajya Sabha
|Maximum Strength – 552
|530 represent the States
|Maximum Strength – 250
|238 elected indirectly and are representatives of States and Union Territories
|20 are the representatives of Union Territories
|12 are nominated by the President
|2 are nominated by the President from Anglo-Indian Community
|Current strength – 245
|233 represent states and Union Territories
|Current Strength – 545
|530 represent States
|13 represent Union Territories
|12 are nominated by President
|2 are nominated by the President from Anglo-Indian Community
How are members elected in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
The principle of election for both houses is different. There are three kinds of representation in both the houses:
- Representation of States
- Representation of Union Territories
- Nominated Members
|Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha w.r.t Representation of States
Note: Voting age was reduced from 21 to 18 years by the 61st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1988
Note: Number of representatives varies from state to state
|Difference between Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha w.r.t Representation of Union Territories
Note: Union Territories (Direct Election to the House of the People) Act, 1965, has been enacted by which the members of Lok Sabha from the union territories are chosen by direct election.
Note: Out of eight UTs, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, and Puducherry have representation in Rajya Sabha
|Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha w.r.t Representation of Nominated Members
|President nominates 2 members from Anglo-Indian Community if they are not adequately represented
Note: The provision to nominate Anglo-Indians was extended till 2020 by 95th Amendment Act, 2009
|President nominates 12 members from people who special knowledge and practical experience in :
Furthermore, aspirants must also carefully review the civil services syllabus and exam pattern for a better understanding of the examination and accordingly chalk out the preparation strategy.
To learn about the best strategy to be followed that can help in guiding through the exam preparation, candidates can refer to the UPSC topper list and check out their success stories.
|42nd Amendment Act
|44th Amendment Act
|Sources of Indian Constitution
|Directive Principles of State Policy
|Types of Writs in India
|Private Member Bill